Impact of an assertive community treatment model of care on the treatment of prisoners with a serious mental illness – 2018-01-15

Objectives: This study aims to describe the impact of a mental health assertive community treatment prison model of care (PMOC) on improving the ability to identify prisoner needs, provide interventions and monitor their efficacy. Methods: We carried out a file review across five prisons of referrals in the year before

Development of the Nonverbal Cues of Interpersonal Violence Inventory: Law Enforcement Officers’ Perceptions of Nonverbal Behavior and Violence – 2018-01-20

Across two studies, we investigated nonverbal behaviors perceived to precede imminent interpersonal violence. Study 1 identified the six-factor structure of the Nonverbal Cues of Interpersonal Violence (NCIV) and also examined differences in perceptions of imminent interpersonal violence between law enforcement and laypersons. Study 2 confirmed the six-factor structure of the

Acute Care Use for Ambulatory Care–Sensitive Conditions in High-Cost Users of Medical Care with Mental Illness and Addictions – 2018-01-18

Objective: The role of mental illness and addiction in acute care use for chronic medical conditions that are sensitive to ambulatory care management requires focussed attention. This study examines how mental illness or addiction affects risk for repeat hospitalization and/or emergency department use for ambulatory care–sensitive conditions (ACSCs) among high-cost

Consensus statement of the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia on valuing the perspectives of persons with intellectual disability – 2018-01-17

The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia covered a range of issues related to dementia and intellectual disability, including the dearth of personal reflections of persons with intellectual disability affected by dementia. This article reflects on this deficiency and explores some of the personal perspectives gleaned from the literature,

Staff perceptions of positive behavioural support in a secure forensic adult mental health setting – 2018

Purpose Challenging behaviour has been a concern across forensic services. Traditionally these have been managed reactively using medication, seclusion and restraint; however, there is growing evidence that these approaches are ineffective and counter-therapeutic. A number of reports have recommended the use of preventative approaches such as positive behavioural support (PBS).

Social determinants of health among Canadian inmates – 2018

Purpose International studies indicate that offenders have higher rates of infectious diseases, chronic diseases, and physical disorders relative to the general population. Although social determinants of health have been found to affect the mental health of a population, less information is available regarding the impact of social determinants on physical

Violence and aggression towards staff in secure settings – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to undertake a systematic literature review to appraise the current evidence relating to the factors associated with violence and aggression in adult psychiatric hospital inpatient settings. Design/methodology/approach A systematic search of following four databases was conducted: Scopus, PsychINFO Medline, CIHAHL and PsychArticle. Following

The association of cannabis use on inpatient psychiatric hospital outcomes – 2017-06-14

Background: The associations between cannabis use and psychosis are well documented in numerous studies. There is a need to evaluate the impact of cannabis use on inpatient psychiatric utilization and outcomes. Objectives: To evaluate the impact of cannabis use on psychiatric hospital outcomes. Methods: This study was conducted between April

Mental Health & Addictions Interventions for Youth Experiencing Homelessness: Practical Strategies for Front-line Providers – 2018-01

Young people experiencing homelessness face many forms of extreme adversity including high rates of mental health and addiction challenges. These challenges lead to high mortality rates and increase the risk of chronic homelessness. In turn, the health service systems and providers in most settings are poorly equipped and resourced to

Factors That Promote and Hinder Medication Adherence From the Perspective of Inmates in a Provincial Remand Center: A Mixed Methods Study – 2017-12-25

Effective medication delivery to inmates within correctional facilities is essential for managing symptoms, preventing relapse, slowing disease progression, and enabling recovery. Despite its importance, medication adherence in correctional facilities is poor. This mixed methods study explores the factors that affect medication adherence from the perspective of 20 inmates at a

Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in Prison – 2018-01-13

Recent qualitative studies have highlighted posttraumatic growth as a profound change in offenders’ self-perception, relationship qualities, purposes, and meaning in life. We examined coping strategies as possible predictors of posttraumatic growth during incarceration in a sample of 365 prisoners. Coping strategies such as seeking emotional support, religious coping, and searching

The relationships of classic psychedelic use with criminal behavior in the United States adult population – 2017-10-17

Criminal behavior exacts a large toll on society and is resistant to intervention. Some evidence suggests classic psychedelics may inhibit criminal behavior, but the extent of these effects has not been comprehensively explored. In this study, we tested the relationships of classic psychedelic use and psilocybin use per se with