A novel care pathway for prisoners with intellectual disability designed through a Delphi process [2018]

Purpose Individuals with an intellectual disability form a significant minority in the Irish prison population and worldwide prison populations. There is growing recognition that specialist services for such individuals are in need of development. In this paper, we propose a care pathway for the management of individuals with an intellectual

Protocol for a randomized controlled trial of the Breaking Free Online Health and Justice program for substance misuse in prison settings [2018]

Background Substance misuse, including problematic drug and alcohol use, are significant issues in society that can have multiple detrimental effects. Many people access support for their substance misuse during prison sentences, due to the associations between substance misuse and offending, and the high proportion of the prison population who have

Psychometric Properties of Two Short Versions of the Inventory of Callous–Unemotional Traits Among Incarcerated Youth [2018]

Accumulating evidence shows callous–unemotional (CU) traits to delineate a subgroup of youth with unique etiological underpinnings to their conduct problems. Due to its inclusion as a conduct disorder specifier in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5), research that evaluates the psychometric properties of measures used to

Significant therapy events with clients with intellectual disabilities [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore significant events in psychotherapy with clients with intellectual disabilities (IDs). Design/methodology/approach Four therapy dyads, each consisting of one client and one therapist, were recruited. Following the brief structured recall procedure (Elliott and Shapiro, 1988), semi-structured interviews focused on helpful events in

Using statewide administrative data and brief mental health screening to estimate the prevalence of mental illness among probationers [2018]

There is little published information about the measures that probation agencies in the United States use to identify individuals with mental illnesses who are under community supervision. This study used statewide administrative data to estimate and compare the prevalence of mental illnesses among probationers using officer report and offender self-report

A Randomized Control Trial of a Targeted High-Risk Offender Program Across Three Jurisdictions [2018]

This study reviews findings from Project Regional Analytics for the Safety of Our Residents, a modified focused deterrence program operated across three jurisdictions in Massachusetts. Unlike most other evaluations of targeted high-risk offender programs, the impact on individual-level offending is examined. Data from records management systems in three police agencies

Effects of an animal‐assisted intervention on social behaviour, emotions, and behavioural and psychological symptoms in nursing home residents with dementia [2019]

Aim The positive effects of animal‐assisted interventions (AAIs) in people with dementia have been frequently reported in the literature. However, it remains unclear if the positive effects are directly due to the presence of the animal. The aim of this study was to investigate if the inclusion of an animal

Identification with arts‐based groups improves mental wellbeing in adults with chronic mental health conditions [2018]

People experiencing chronic mental health conditions (CMHC) often report feeling socially marginalised. There is emerging evidence that social and mental wellbeing can be enhanced through participation in arts‐based programmes. In this paper, a social identity theoretical approach was applied to explore how participation in the arts may improve mental health

Generalist health professional’s interactions with consumers who have a mental illness in nonmental health settings: A systematic review of the qualitative research [2018]

Generalist health professionals (GHPs) or those healthcare professionals working in nonmental health facilities are increasingly being required to provide care to consumers with a mental illness. The review aimed to synthesize the qualitative research evidence on the meanings and interpretations made by GHPs (nonmental health professional) who interact with consumers

Use of Restraint and Seclusion in Psychiatric Settings: A Literature Review [2018]

The purpose of the current literature review was to critically review studies related to the use of restraint and seclusion in psychiatric settings across cultures, identify ethical principles regarding restraint and seclusion, and generate a clear view about patients’ perspectives and factors that influence use of these measures worldwide. Use

Experiences of Violence and Preventive Measures Among Nurses in Psychiatric and Non–Psychiatric Home Visit Nursing Services in Japan [2018]

Home visit nurses (HVNs) are crucial in psychiatric home visit nursing (PHVN) in Japan. However, little is known about violence toward HVNs in PHVN and non–PHVN settings. The current study aimed to clarify nurses’ experiences of violence in these settings, their implementation of preventive measures, and related associations. Questionnaires were

Correlates and Predictors of Stigmatization of Patients With Mental Illness Among Nursing Students [2018]

The purpose of the current study was to explore knowledge of, attitudes about, and perception of stigma among nursing students in relation to mental illness, and to identify the predictors of stigma toward patients with mental illness based on nursing students’ characteristics, knowledge, and attitude. A cross-sectional survey was conducted

Professional Boundaries of Nursing Staff in Secure Mental Health Services: Impact of Interpersonal Style and Attitude Toward Coercion [2018]

The current study explored the impact of nursing staff members’ interpersonal style and attitudes toward coercion on the management of their professional boundaries. Researchers predicted that a combination of a particular interpersonal style, a specific attitude toward coercion, and self-reported engagement in boundary-crossing behavior would be associated with particular styles

Testing the validity of criminal risk assessment tools in sexually abusive youth [2018]

Although accurate risk appraisals are mandatory to provide effective treatment to juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs), the current knowledge on the validity of risk assessment instruments for JSOs is inconclusive. We compared the predictive validities of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP II), the Estimate of Risk

The impact of victimization and mental health symptoms on recidivism for early system-involved juvenile offenders [2018]

Although research has linked mental health symptoms and prior victimization to recidivism for youth on probation or in detention, little attention has been given to these risk factors for early system-involved youth. We conducted a survival/hazard model to estimate the impact of official records of abuse/neglect, crime victimization, and mental

Effectiveness of evidence-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic distress within a jail diversion program [2018]

Adults with severe mental illness (SMI) who come into contact with the criminal justice system experience high rates of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For individuals with SMI, symptoms of PTSD are associated with exacerbated psychiatric symptoms, higher risk of homelessness and—for those with a history of arrest—increased