Understanding Poverty: Teaching Social Justice in Undergraduate Nursing Education – 2018-01

Aim: This article presents results of an exploratory qualitative study examining gains in empathy and social justice beliefs among undergraduate nursing students. Background: As undergraduate nursing education provides the foundation for future forensic nurses, developing successful methods to increase beliefs and behaviors of social empathy and social justice among nursing

Older adults in jail: high rates and early onset of geriatric conditions – 2018-02

Background The number of older adults in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing. While this population is thought to experience an early onset of aging-related health conditions (“accelerated aging”), studies have not directly compared rates of geriatric conditions in this population to those found in the general population. The

Adolescent and Young Adult Male Mental Health: Transforming System Failures Into Proactive Models of Engagement – 2018-03

Adolescent and young adult men do poorly on indicators of mental health evidenced by elevated rates of suicide, conduct disorder, substance use, and interpersonal violence relative to their female peers. Data on global health burden clearly demonstrate that young men have a markedly distinct health risk profile from young women,

The relationship between mentally disordered inmates, victimization, and violence – 2018-01

The present study examines the role of violence in the life of a mentally disordered offender before and during incarceration. This article evaluates prior victimization, prison victimization, and the rate of violent crimes against individuals who have been professionally diagnosed with a mental illness. The results suggest there is a

Cognitive-behavioral programming and the value of failed interventions: A propensity score evaluation – 2018-01

Recent scholarship suggests treatment effects from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) based interventions can significantly reduce rates of prison misconduct. However, these findings may overestimate CBT treatment effects due to publication bias towards positive results and limitations of nonexperimental methodologies. This study used propensity score matching (PSM) to evaluate the effectiveness

From long-term homelessness to stable housing: investigating ‘liminality’ – 2018-01

This paper uses the term ‘liminality’ to refer to the experience of feeling like an outsider when people are transitioning from one housing status (long-term homelessness) to another (housed). Three dimensions of liminality are identified: ‘material’, ‘relational’ and ‘psychological’. The material dimension covers how people feel about their housing and

Intelligence and psychopathy: A study on non-incarcerated females from the normal population – 2018-02

Most research on the relation between psychopathy and intelligence has been conducted with incarcerated male samples. However, psychopathic traits can be found among non-incarcerated individuals, male or female, possessing high intellectual capacities. The construct of psychopathy has been comparatively understudied in women. We hypothesized a positive correlation between interpersonal psychopathic

Beyond anger: emotion regulation and social connectedness in veterans with traumatic brain injury – 2018-02

Primary objective: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often present with emotion dysregulation. Most TBI rehabilitation has addressed this impairment primarily in relation to anger, irritability and aggressiveness. Yet, emotion regulation (ER) may have broader ramifications for psychological well-being. The present study examined ER’s association to several aspects of social

Forgiveness and gratitude trajectories among persons undergoing alcohol addiction therapy – 2018-01

Background: The first studies concerning changes in moral virtues during alcohol addiction therapy were published during the last decade. However, as all of these studies applied a variable-oriented approach, it is impossible to capture differences between starting points and changes in variables of interest. Method: In this study, we employed

Does restructuring theory and clinical courses better prepare nursing students to manage residents with challenging behaviors in long-term care settings? – 2018-01

Bachelor of Nursing students (BN) placed in long-term care encounter residents who exhibit challenging behaviors. Students are often inadequately prepared to manage these behaviors, and this is a source of distress for students. This study explored whether enhancing and restructuring theoretical and clinical courses resulted in student nurses feeling better

Comparison of Self- and Proxy Report of Mental Health Symptoms in People With Intellectual Disabilities – 2018-02

Mental illness, and its assessment and treatment, is a concern for caregivers and professionals working with people with intellectual disability (ID), as well as a cause of distress and disability for people with ID. Research in this area is hindered by difficulties associated with recognizing symptoms of mental illness and

A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Within Forensic Psychiatric and Correctional Settings Worldwide – 2018-01

Cognitive-behavioral programs which are structured, skills-based, and risk-focused have been found to reduce recidivism rates by up to 55%. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) exemplifies all of these components, and has been rapidly adapted and implemented in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities worldwide to reduce recidivism. Regrettably, the widespread implementation of