Individuals with serious mental illness detained in jail may require frequent psychiatric hospitalization due to the destabilizing nature of the jail environment. This study examined the impact of a pilot treatment program involving continuity of patient care across jail and hospital settings aimed at reducing hospitalizations and negative health outcomes for a population of high-risk, incarcerated individuals with mental illness. This study examined rate ratios of psychiatric hospitalizations, injuries, and suicide watches, comparing 15 patients in the treatment program to themselves pretreatment and to a control group of 15 frequently rehospitalized patients. Patients in treatment experienced significant decreases in overall hospitalizations (p < .001), 15-day rehospitalizations (p < .002), and suicide watches in jail (p < .02), compared to themselves pretreatment. A boundary-spanning treatment program lowered hospitalization rates and need for suicide watch for a small, yet clinically complicated and challenging group of patients.

Rahela Bursac, MPH, Laura Raffa, MS, L-CAT, BC-DMT, CGP, Angela Solimo, MA, Connor Bell, MPH, Elizabeth Ford, MD

Journal of Correctional Health Care, Vol 24, Issue 4, 2018

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Boundary-Spanning Care: Reducing Psychiatric Rehospitalization and Self-Injury in a Jail Population [2018]