Drug Use and Violence Among Adolescents: The Mediation Effect of Attitudes Supporting Violence – 2018

The aim of this article is to study the impact of violent attitudes on the drug use/violent delinquency relationship. A total of 1,420 adolescents from the province of Rimini (Italy) completed a questionnaire concerning drug use, violent behaviors, and attitudes toward violence. In general, the results seem to confirm that

Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts among Women Seeking Treatment for Substance Use and Trauma Symptoms – 2018

Substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder have been associated with suicide. Through secondary analysis of the screening data from the Women and Trauma Study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network, the present study examined rates and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among

Associations between posttraumatic stress and legal charges among substance using veterans – 2018

Substance misuse is prevalent among veterans entering the criminal justice system, and is related to recidivism. Research demonstrates that trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, which commonly co-occur with substance misuse, also increase the risk of legal involvement and recidivism. However, it is unclear whether the associations between trauma,

Housing versus treatment first for supportive housing participants with substance use disorders: A comparison of housing and public service use outcomes – 2018

Background: Homeless persons with substance use disorders (SUD) have high disease risk, poor access to health care, and are frequent users of Medicaid and other social services. Low-demand supportive housing with no prerequisites for treatment or sobriety has been shown to improve housing stability and decrease public service use for

Risk Factors for Overdose in Treatment-Seeking Youth With Substance Use Disorders – 2018

Objective: Overdoses (ODs) are among the leading causes of death in youth with substance use disorders (SUDs). Our aim was to identify the prevalence of OD and characteristics associated with a history of OD in youth presenting for SUD outpatient care. Methods: A systematic retrospective medical record review was conducted

Mindfulness-based treatment of addiction: current state of the field and envisioning the next wave of research – 2018

Contemporary advances in addiction neuroscience have paralleled increasing interest in the ancient mental training practice of mindfulness meditation as a potential therapy for addiction. In the past decade, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been studied as a treatment for an array addictive behaviors, including drinking, smoking, opioid misuse, and use of

Prevalence and Correlates of Prescription Stimulant Use, Misuse, Use Disorders, and Motivations for Misuse Among Adults in the United States – 2018

Objective: The authors sought to simultaneously examine the prevalence and correlates of prescription stimulant use, misuse, use disorders, and motivations for misuse in the U.S. adult population. Method: This was a nationally representative household population study of adults age 18 or older from the 2015 and 2016 National Surveys on

Multidimensional Family Therapy Reduces Self-Reported Criminality Among Adolescents With a Cannabis Use Disorder – 2018

Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is an established treatment program for youth displaying multiproblem behavior. We examined whether MDFT decreased criminal offending among cannabis abusing adolescents, as compared with individual psychotherapy (IP). In a Western European randomized controlled trial comparing MDFT with IP, a sample of 169 adolescents with a cannabis

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy With Substance-Using Individuals: A Randomized Controlled Trial Study – 2018

Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) intervention on substance abuse and trauma-related problems. Methods: A randomized controlled trial design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of SFBT in primary substance use treatment services for child welfare involved parents in outpatient treatment for substance use disorders.

Evaluation of the Peninsula Alcohol and Violence Programme (PAVP) with violent offenders – 2018

There is clear experimental evidence for a causal link between alcohol misuse and violent behaviour. Treatments for alcohol misuse with offenders are therefore justified on the grounds that they may reduce violent behaviour and thus re-offending. The current paper tested whether a 10-session CBT intervention with offenders still in prison

Marijuana trajectories in Canadian youth: Associations with substance use and mental health – 2018

We differentiated marijuana-use trajectories in a large cohort of Canadian youth and compared the use of other substances, mental health symptoms, and behavioural problems for each of the identified trajectories at their baselines in adolescence (ages 12 to 18) and their endpoints (ages 22 to 29). Data came from the

Past-year nonmedical use of prescription drugs among women on probation and parole: A cross-sectional study – 2018

Background: Prescription drug–related overdose deaths have increased dramatically in recent years. Women in the justice system experience high rates of drug use, victimization, trauma symptoms, and other health problems and would appear to be at high risk for nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). This study will be among the

Treatment service related needs and concerns of women with substance use disorders: a qualitative study – 2018

Research indicates that clinical services for addiction treatment that address gender specific issues are more effective for women than traditional programs, designed originally for men. However, there are very few studies from India that assess the treatment needs and concerns of women with substance use disorders (SUDs). This study aims

Expanding harm reduction to include fentanyl urine testing: results from a pilot in rural British Columbia – 2018

Background Harm reduction has been at the forefront of the response to the opioid overdose public health emergency in British Columbia (BC). The unprecedented number of opioid overdose deaths in the province calls for an expansion of harm reduction services. The purpose of this study was to determine the acceptability

Why run the risk? Motivation for offences by patients with substance use and antisocial personality disorders which they rated as most risky to their own well‐being – 2018

Background Understanding motives for offending is important for the development and delivery of effective interventions. Aims To explore associations between variables with motivational implications and the offence committed in the past year rated by people with antisocial personality disorder and substance use disorder as putting them and their status at

The Role of Individual and Contextual Factors in Differentiating Substance Use Profiles among Adolescents – 2018

Background: Adolescent substance use is a significant public health concern due to its prevalence and associated negative consequences. Although many adolescents use substances, there is substantial heterogeneity in their use patterns. Identifying risk and protective factors that differentiate adolescents with different substance use profiles is important for preventing negative consequences

Postincarceration Fatal Overdoses After Implementing Medications for Addiction Treatment in a Statewide Correctional System – 2018

As the epidemic of opioid use in the United States continues to shift from prescription opioids to illicit drugs, more people living with opioid use disorder are encountering the criminal justice system. Most US correctional facilities do not continue or initiate medications for addiction treatment (MAT). This is especially unfortunate