Challenging behaviours at early adulthood in autism spectrum disorders: topography, risk factors and evolution – 2018

Background Challenging behaviours are highly prevalent in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but little is known about the prevalence and course of these behaviours during adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe the topography of challenging behaviours in a cohort of 106 young adults with

Challenging behaviours at early adulthood in autism spectrum disorders: topography, risk factors and evolution – 2018

Background Challenging behaviours are highly prevalent in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but little is known about the prevalence and course of these behaviours during adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe the topography of challenging behaviours in a cohort of 106 young adults with

The prevalence of autistic traits in a homeless population – 2018

Anecdotal evidence suggests that autistic people experience an elevated risk of homelessness, but systematic empirical research on this topic is lacking. As a step towards filling this gap in knowledge, we conducted a preliminary investigation of the prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) autism symptoms

Emergency service experiences of adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability – 2018

This study aimed to describe patterns of emergency department use and police interactions, as well as satisfaction with emergency services of 40 adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability over 12–18 months. Approximately 42.5% of the sample reported visiting the emergency department and 32.5% reported interactions with police during the

School Discipline, Hospitalization, and Police Contact Overlap Among Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder – 2018

The objective was to examine the frequency, correlates, and overlap of school disciplinary actions, psychiatric hospitalizations, and police contact among children and adolescents with autism. Survey results from 2525 caregivers of individuals with autism in elementary through high school were examined. Logistic regression was used to examine predictors of each

Language Barriers Impact Access to Services for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders – 2017

Racial and ethnic disparities in accessing health care have been described in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a retrospective chart review of 152 children with ASD, children of parents whose primary language was English were significantly more likely to have both social skills and communication goals within their

Diagnosing Autism in Adults with Intellectual Disability: Validation of the DiBAS-R in an Independent Sample – 2017

The study assessed the diagnostic validity of the diagnostic behavioral assessment for autism spectrum disorders-revised (DiBAS-R; 19-item screening scale based on ratings by caregivers) in a clinical sample of 381 adults with ID. Analysis revealed a sensitivity of 0.82 and a specificity of 0.67 in the overall sample (70.3% agreement).

Experiences of Autism Acceptance and Mental Health in Autistic Adults – 2017

Mental health difficulties are highly prevalent in individuals on the autism spectrum. The current study examined how experiences and perceptions of autism acceptance could impact on the mental health of autistic adults. 111 adults on the autism spectrum completed an online survey examining their experiences of autism acceptance, along with

Self-stigma among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder – 2018-04

Highlights • Parents of children with ASD may internalize societal stigma as self-stigma. • Self-stigma has two dimensions: content and process. • Both the content and process of self-stigma affect mental health. • Both the content and process of self-stigma affect caregiving experiences. • The STARS is a reliable and valid measure of self-stigma process.

Working with intellectually disabled autistic individuals – A Qualitative Study using repertory grids – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this study was to elucidate how care professionals/providers construe, understand and make sense of the characteristics that are important when providing care to adults with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder, based on their experiences of working within their roles within a residential care setting. Design/methodology/approach

A systematic PRISMA review of individuals with autism spectrum disorder in secure psychiatric care: prevalence, treatment, risk assessment and other clinical considerations – 2018

Purpose Patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present with specific assessment, specific difficulties, needs and therapeutic issues and therefore are a challenging group for forensic services. Given the challenge that individuals with ASD present to forensic services, the suggested increase in the number of this group within this setting and

Aging well on the autism spectrum: the perspectives of autistic adults and carers

“Aging well” is an increasingly popular concept in gerontology. Adults with disabilities such as autism spectrum disorder represent a demographically substantial population, yet remain excluded from existing conceptualizations of aging well. This qualitative study aimed to explore what it means for autistic adults to “age well” from the perspectives of