Autistic spectrum disorder and offending behaviour – a brief review of the literature [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper to synthesise much of the existing research on autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and offending behaviour. Design/methodology/approach It considers three key areas, namely, first, a discussion about the nature of ASD and how it might be related to offending behaviour; second, a brief commentary about

Predictors of emergency department use by adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder: a prospective cohort study [2017]

Objectives To determine predictors of emergency department (ED) visits in a cohort of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Community-based study from Ontario, Canada. Participants Parents reported on their adult sons and daughters with ASD living in the community (n=284). Main outcome measures

Supporting and hindering environments for participation of adolescents diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: A scoping review [2018]

The influence of a person’s environment and its modifying potential on participation is well recognized for most childhood disabilities, but scarcely studied for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A scoping review was conducted, the aim of which was to map the existing literature about supporting and hindering environments for

Staff awareness training: improving knowledge and confidence of autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities in a locked rehabilitation unit [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a training package which was delivered to improve staff members’ knowledge and confidence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID). Design/methodology/approach The training was facilitated in a locked rehabilitation unit for adult males, many of whom had diagnoses of

Audit of outcomes following a community‐based early intensive behaviour intervention program for children with autism in Australia [2018]

Objective Research studies have shown that early intensive behaviour intervention is an effective treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However a research‐to‐practice gap exists, whereby the interventions effective in university‐based studies are not implemented effectively in community settings. The current study is an audit of outcomes achieved by

Systematic review and guide to management of core and psychiatric symptoms in youth with autism [2018]

Objective Evidence‐based guidance of clinical decision‐making for the management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is lacking, particularly for co‐occurring psychiatric symptoms. This review evaluates treatment evidence for six common symptom targets in children/adolescents with ASD and provides a resource to facilitate application of the evidence to clinical practice. Method A

Review: Yoga and mindfulness for youth with autism spectrum disorder: review of the current evidence [2018]

Background Yoga and mindfulness‐based programs are becoming increasingly popular as a supplemental intervention for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Increasing numbers of children, parents, and schools are participating in programs around the country with an enthusiasm that far exceeds the research support for their efficacy. Therapies that

Who’s challenging who training for staff empathy towards adults with challenging behaviour: cluster randomised controlled trial [2018]

Background One in five adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) known to services display challenging behaviours (CBs), and these individuals are at risk for restrictive practices and poor care. Staff attitudes may contribute to the development and/or maintenance of CBs. We investigated the effectiveness of co‐produced Who’s Challenging Who? training delivered

A systematic review of screening tools in non-young children and adults for autism spectrum disorder [2018]

Background Existing reviews of screening tools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) focus on young children, and not all screening tools have been examined against validated diagnostic procedures. Aims To examine the validity of screening tools for ASD in non-young children and adults to provide clinical recommendations about the use of

Early Identification of ASD Through Telemedicine: Potential Value for Underserved Populations [2018]

Increasing access to diagnostic services is crucial for identifying ASD in young children. We therefore evaluated a telemedicine assessment procedure. First, we compared telediagnostic accuracy to blinded gold-standard evaluations (n = 20). ASD cases identified via telemedicine were confirmed by in-person evaluation. However, 20% of children diagnosed with ASD in-person were not

Challenging behaviours at early adulthood in autism spectrum disorders: topography, risk factors and evolution – 2018

Background Challenging behaviours are highly prevalent in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but little is known about the prevalence and course of these behaviours during adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe the topography of challenging behaviours in a cohort of 106 young adults with

Challenging behaviours at early adulthood in autism spectrum disorders: topography, risk factors and evolution – 2018

Background Challenging behaviours are highly prevalent in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but little is known about the prevalence and course of these behaviours during adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe the topography of challenging behaviours in a cohort of 106 young adults with

The prevalence of autistic traits in a homeless population – 2018

Anecdotal evidence suggests that autistic people experience an elevated risk of homelessness, but systematic empirical research on this topic is lacking. As a step towards filling this gap in knowledge, we conducted a preliminary investigation of the prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) autism symptoms

Emergency service experiences of adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability – 2018

This study aimed to describe patterns of emergency department use and police interactions, as well as satisfaction with emergency services of 40 adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability over 12–18 months. Approximately 42.5% of the sample reported visiting the emergency department and 32.5% reported interactions with police during the

School Discipline, Hospitalization, and Police Contact Overlap Among Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder – 2018

The objective was to examine the frequency, correlates, and overlap of school disciplinary actions, psychiatric hospitalizations, and police contact among children and adolescents with autism. Survey results from 2525 caregivers of individuals with autism in elementary through high school were examined. Logistic regression was used to examine predictors of each

Language Barriers Impact Access to Services for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders – 2017

Racial and ethnic disparities in accessing health care have been described in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a retrospective chart review of 152 children with ASD, children of parents whose primary language was English were significantly more likely to have both social skills and communication goals within their