Safety of service users with severe mental illness receiving inpatient care on medical and surgical wards: A systematic review – 2018-01

This review aimed to synthesize the evidence on the likelihood of harm and mortality on medical and surgical inpatient wards for people with severe mental illness (SMI). From 937 results identified through database searching, and a further 10 papers identified through citation searching and hand searching, 11 papers met the

Lived experience of working with female patients in a high-secure mental health setting – 2016-12

Women’s secure hospitals are often considered to be stressful and demanding places to work, with these environments characterized as challenging and violent. However, the staff experience of working in this environment is not well represented in the literature. The present study is the first to examine the ‘lived experience’ of

Empathic processes during nurse–consumer conflict situations in psychiatric inpatient units: A qualitative study – 2016-12

Empathy is a central component of nurse–consumer relationships. In the present study, we investigated how empathy is developed and maintained when there is conflict between nurses and consumers, and the ways in which empathy can be used to achieve positive outcomes. Through semistructured interviews, mental health nurses (n = 13)

Nurses’ attitudes towards the use of PRN psychotropic medications in acute and forensic mental health settings – 2017-03

Many countries now have national mental health policies and guidelines to decrease or eliminate the use of seclusion and restraint yet the use of Pro Re Nata (PRN) medications has received less practice evaluation. This research aimed to identify mental health nurses’ attitudes towards the use of PRN medications with

Mental health inpatients’ and staff members’ suggestions for reducing physical restraint: A qualitative study – 2018-01-11

Introduction Physical restraint has negative consequences for all involved and international calls for its reduction have emerged. Some restraint reduction interventions have been developed, but limited qualitative research explores suggestions on how to reduce physical restraint (and feasibility issues with implementation) from those directly involved. Aim To explore mental health

Self-harm in the criminal justice system: a public health opportunity – 2018-01

Self-harm is a global public health problem associated with increased morbidity, suicide risk, and premature mortality. The behaviour is more prevalent in marginalised groups, including people in prison. The burden of self-harm and suicide in prison is considerable; a study from the UK estimated that the annual prevalence of self-harm

The aggressive brain: insights from neuroscience – 2018-02

Highlights • Virtually all animal species engage in aggressive behavior. • Brain mechanisms for aggression are very similar across species. • Aggression may be an emergent property of a ‘social behavior network.’ • The neurotransmitter serotonin is important for regulating reactive aggression. • Modern human aggression appears detached from these

Anger and aggression treatments: a review of meta-analyses – 2018-02

Highlights • There is considerable variability in the effectiveness of anger treatments. • Cognitive-behavioral interventions are the most commonly studied treatment of anger. • Court-mandated anger management classes are underrepresented in the literature. • Behavioral rehearsal may be more effective than therapy targeting cognitive changes. • Future research will benefit from a

Association of Childhood Blood Lead Levels With Criminal Offending – 2017-12-26

Key Points Question Is childhood lead exposure associated with criminal offending in a setting where the degree of lead exposure was not confounded by socioeconomic status? Findings In this cohort study of 553 New Zealanders observed for 38 years, lead exposure in childhood was weakly associated with official criminal conviction

“Just be a light”: Experiences of peers working on acute inpatient psychiatric units – 2017

Objective: The study aimed to clarify the potential role and impact of behavioral health peer support providers on community hospital acute inpatient psychiatric units. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted to examine perspectives of peer support providers (peers) and individuals who initially received peer services (recipients) during an inpatient stay on

Trauma and Violent Offending – Understanding Gang Violence Through the Lens of an Ex-Gang Member – 2015-11-17

The aim of this article is to examine how violent traumatic exposure over the life course can lead to future gang membership, violent offending and subsequent contact with the law. Drawing on a case study approach and a first person narrative our research explores the interpersonal nature of violent offending including the psychological

The HARM (Hamilton Anatomy of Risk Management) Tool: Implications for Implementation

This webinar explores risk management as it relates to the specific implementation of the Hamilton Anatomy of Risk Management (HARM) Tool. Risk factors for violence vary from inpatient hospital settings to community settings and this webinar also explores implementation of the HARM tool in both settings. Learn from experts about