Use of Restraint and Seclusion in Psychiatric Settings: A Literature Review [2018]

The purpose of the current literature review was to critically review studies related to the use of restraint and seclusion in psychiatric settings across cultures, identify ethical principles regarding restraint and seclusion, and generate a clear view about patients’ perspectives and factors that influence use of these measures worldwide. Use

Experiences of Violence and Preventive Measures Among Nurses in Psychiatric and Non–Psychiatric Home Visit Nursing Services in Japan [2018]

Home visit nurses (HVNs) are crucial in psychiatric home visit nursing (PHVN) in Japan. However, little is known about violence toward HVNs in PHVN and non–PHVN settings. The current study aimed to clarify nurses’ experiences of violence in these settings, their implementation of preventive measures, and related associations. Questionnaires were

Professional Boundaries of Nursing Staff in Secure Mental Health Services: Impact of Interpersonal Style and Attitude Toward Coercion [2018]

The current study explored the impact of nursing staff members’ interpersonal style and attitudes toward coercion on the management of their professional boundaries. Researchers predicted that a combination of a particular interpersonal style, a specific attitude toward coercion, and self-reported engagement in boundary-crossing behavior would be associated with particular styles

Effectiveness of evidence-based psychotherapy for posttraumatic distress within a jail diversion program [2018]

Adults with severe mental illness (SMI) who come into contact with the criminal justice system experience high rates of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For individuals with SMI, symptoms of PTSD are associated with exacerbated psychiatric symptoms, higher risk of homelessness and—for those with a history of arrest—increased

Personality disordered offenders’ experiences of completing social skills treatment [2018]

Purpose Although support exists for the effectiveness of treatment for personality disordered offenders there is limited knowledge about the processes underlying the therapeutic change. The purpose of this paper is to explore the treatment experiences of six male psychopathic offenders who attended a social skills treatment component implemented within a

What causes medication administration errors in a mental health hospital? A qualitative study with nursing staff [2018]

Objective Medication administration errors (MAEs) are a common risk to patient safety in mental health hospitals, but an absence of in-depth studies to understand the underlying causes of these errors limits the development of effective remedial interventions. This study aimed to investigate the causes of MAEs affecting inpatients in a

Psychometric Examination of Treatment Change Among Mentally Disordered Offenders: A Risk–Needs Analysis [2017]

The present study examined the association of psychiatric symptomatology, criminal attitudes, and treatment changes within these domains to violent and general recidivism in a sample of 614 mentally disordered offenders. Significant pre–post changes were found on multiple measures of criminal attitudes, symptomatology, and readiness for change. Antisocial Intentions and Attitudes

Criminal Thinking, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Recovery Attitudes Among Community Mental Health Patients: An Examination of Program Placement [2017]

Research suggests it is important to consider criminogenic needs among individuals with severe mental illness. This study aimed to determine the severity of criminal thinking in community-based clinical samples, understand the association between criminal thinking and psychiatric and criminal justice outcomes, and compare these associations between consumers enrolled in Assertive

Psychological assessment of acute schizophrenia patients who experienced seclusion either alone or in combination with restraint [2017]

Objective Numerous studies on the effects of seclusion and/or restraint in acute psychiatric treatment have reported both positive and negative effects. However, no studies to date have evaluated the effects of seclusion and/or restraint on schizophrenia patients using a rating scale. Thus, to examine the effects of seclusion and/or restraint

Prediction of Psychiatric Hospitalization, Diagnoses, Arrests, and Violent Behavior Through Scored Drawings and Associations [2017]

The article presents a completely empirical approach to using drawings and associations as a supplemental tool in forensic psychological assessment. The present system represents a modern alternative to prior theory-driven “projective technique” approaches that have failed to pass scientific scrutiny. Using an archival sample of 252 forensic cases, House-Tree-Person drawing

Longitudinal relations between beliefs supporting aggression and externalizing outcomes: Indirect effects of anger dysregulation and callous‐unemotional traits [2018]

Aggression is prevalent in early‐ to mid‐adolescence and is associated with physical health and psychosocial adjustment difficulties. This underscores the need to identify risk processes that lead to externalizing outcomes. This study examined the extent to which the effects of three dimensions of beliefs supporting aggression on physical aggression and

Predictors in use of mental health resources: The role of behaviour problems in patients with severe mental illness [2017]

Background: In recent years, more variables are being included in the use of mental health resource prediction models. Some studies have shown that how well the patient can function is important for this prediction. However, the relevance of a variable as important as behaviour problems has scarcely been explored. Aim:

Mental health clinicians’ beliefs about the causes of psychosis: Differences between professions and relationship to treatment preferences [2017]

Background: Previous evidence suggests that how an individual conceptualises the cause of a health problem can impact on subsequent perceptions and behaviour. Aims: This study explored the beliefs about the causes of psychosis in a group of mental health professionals. The study also sought to examine the relationship between causal

Involuntary mental health treatment in the era of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [2018]

Summary points The introduction of the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and General Comment 1 on Article 12 (GC1) has generated considerable debate regarding the assertion that people with psychosocial disabilities (disabilities arising from mental health conditions) always possess decision-making capacity. While there