‘The prison don’t talk to you about getting out of prison’: On why prisons in England and Wales fail to rehabilitate prisoners [2018]

The position of rehabilitation in prisons in England and Wales has long been debated. Yet studies which consider how prisoners experience rehabilitative practices and processes are rare. Drawing on prisoners’ accounts, this article considers their perceptions and lived experiences of the ways in which rehabilitation is influenced by the nature

Assessing the predictability of self-harm in a high-risk adult prisoner population: a prospective cohort study [2018]

Background Prisoners are at increased risk of self-harm and when either intent is expressed, or an act of self-harm carried out, prisoners in the UK are subject to self-harm/suicide monitoring (referred to as “open ACCT” monitoring). However, there is a paucity of validated instruments to identify risk of self-harm in

How the prison-to-community transition risk environment influences the experience of men with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorder [2017]

Previous research has established that people with severe mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorder leaving prison have multiple and complex health, social and economic challenges. How the criminal justice and mental health systems influence the individual prison-to-community transition experience of this population is less well understood. This paper draws

Comparing Public Safety Outcomes for Traditional Probation vs Specialty Mental Health Probation [2017]

Key Points Question Does specialty probation yield better public safety outcomes than traditional probation for people with mental illness? Findings In this longitudinal study that included 359 probationers with mental illness, specialty probation did not significantly reduce violence but substantially reduced rearrest rates. At 2 years, an estimated 28.6% of

Acceptability of prison-based take-home naloxone programmes among a cohort of incarcerated men with a history of regular injecting drug use [2018]

Background Take-home naloxone (THN) programmes are an evidence-based opioid overdose prevention initiative. Elevated opioid overdose risk following prison release means release from custody provides an ideal opportunity for THN initiatives. However, whether Australian prisoners would utilise such programmes is unknown. We examined the acceptability of THN in a cohort of

Incarcerated youth mental and physical health: parity of esteem [2017]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe physical and mental health characteristics of incarcerated youth both internationally and in New South Wales (NSW) Australia. To outline current practices in the provision of mental and physical healthcare for incarcerated youth internationally and in NSW. Design/methodology/approach Population relevant literature will

Boundary-Spanning Care: Reducing Psychiatric Rehospitalization and Self-Injury in a Jail Population [2018]

Individuals with serious mental illness detained in jail may require frequent psychiatric hospitalization due to the destabilizing nature of the jail environment. This study examined the impact of a pilot treatment program involving continuity of patient care across jail and hospital settings aimed at reducing hospitalizations and negative health outcomes

The effectiveness of probation supervision towards reducing reoffending: A Rapid Evidence Assessment [2018]

In response to the lack of universal agreement about ‘What Works’ in probation supervision (Trotter, 2013) we undertook a Rapid Evidence Assessment of the empirical literature. Our analysis of research into the effect of probation supervision reducing reoffending included 13 studies, all of which employed robust research designs, originating in

Body- and movement-based interventions with male offenders – a narrative review [2018]

Therapeutic and psychosocial accompaniment of offenders is increasingly being understood as a communal responsibility. Apart from recognised treatment batteries, an increasing amount of body- and movement-based interventions is carried out within the prison environment. Extensive literature searches were performed for this review. From a total of 2908, 23 publications were

Personality disordered offenders’ experiences of completing social skills treatment [2018]

Purpose Although support exists for the effectiveness of treatment for personality disordered offenders there is limited knowledge about the processes underlying the therapeutic change. The purpose of this paper is to explore the treatment experiences of six male psychopathic offenders who attended a social skills treatment component implemented within a

Reentry Programs for Adult Male Offender Recidivism and Reintegration: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis [2018]

The aim of this review is to assess the effectiveness of reentry programs designed to reduce recidivism and ensure successful reintegration among adult, male offenders. Studies were included if they (a) evaluated a reentry program incorporating elements dealing with the transition from prison to community for adult, male offenders; (b)

Challenges and Opportunities for Ex-Offender Support Through Community Nursing [2018]

This study was a qualitative case study underpinned by “The Silences Framework” aimed at mapping the ex-offender health pathway towards identifying “touch points” in the community for the delivery of a nurse-led intervention. Participants meeting the study inclusion criteria were quantitatively ranked based on poor health. Participants scoring the lowest

Does providing inmates with education improve postrelease outcomes? A meta-analysis of correctional education programs in the United States [2018]

Objectives Our study addresses the question: Does providing inmates with education while incarcerated reduce their chances of recidivism and improve their postrelease employment prospects? Methods We aggregated 37 years of research (1980–2017) on correctional education and applied meta-analytic techniques. As the basis for our meta-analysis, we identified a total of