Factors That Promote and Hinder Medication Adherence From the Perspective of Inmates in a Provincial Remand Center: A Mixed Methods Study – 2017-12-25

Effective medication delivery to inmates within correctional facilities is essential for managing symptoms, preventing relapse, slowing disease progression, and enabling recovery. Despite its importance, medication adherence in correctional facilities is poor. This mixed methods study explores the factors that affect medication adherence from the perspective of 20 inmates at a

Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in Prison – 2018-01-13

Recent qualitative studies have highlighted posttraumatic growth as a profound change in offenders’ self-perception, relationship qualities, purposes, and meaning in life. We examined coping strategies as possible predictors of posttraumatic growth during incarceration in a sample of 365 prisoners. Coping strategies such as seeking emotional support, religious coping, and searching

Does “Enhanced Support” for Offenders Effectively Reduce Custodial Violence and Disruption? An Evaluation of the Enhanced Support Service Pilot – 2018-01-11

This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of The Enhanced Support Service (ESS) pilot in reducing custodial violence and disruption, and the associated costs, by observing the behavioural change of the 35 service users who participated in ESS intervention within its first 22 months of operation. Frequencies of recorded incidents

Jailhouse Blues? The Adverse Effects of Pretrial Detention for Prison Social Order – 2018-01-10

Scholarship suggests that individuals’ experiences in pretrial detention are especially straining. Relative to state prisons, local jails have high rates of inmate and officer turnover, more limited resources, and provide fewer services. Pretrial detention also constitutes an individual’s initial period of incarceration, during which social isolation and fear are experienced

Patterns of violence and self-harm in women prisoners: characteristics, co-incidence and clinical significance – 2018-01-15

Self-harm and violence in women’s prisons in England are common and occurring with increasing frequency. We aimed to describe the characteristics and patterns of violent and/or self-harming behaviours in women in prison by conducting a retrospective analysis of routine data about self-harm incidents and adjudications. Incidence rates of self-harm and

Social support and one-year outcomes for women participating in prison-based substance abuse treatment programming – 2018-01

In recent decades, the number of women under criminal justice supervision has increased considerably, many of whom are serving time for drug offenses. Furthermore, women in prison are more likely than their non-institutionalized counterparts to suffer from a substance abuse disorder. While there is a growing body of research concerning

Associations between substance use and type of crime in prisoners with substance use problems – a focus on violence and fatal violence – 2018-01-15

Aim: The present study aimed to study the associations between substance use patterns and types of crimes in prisoners with substance use problems, and specifically whether substance use patterns were different in violent offenders. Methods: Interview data of prisoners with substance use problems (N=4,202, mean age 33.5 years, SD 9.8),

Prison officers’ experiences of working with adult male offenders who engage in suicide-related behaviour – 2018-01

Suicide-related behaviour amongst adult male offenders within the Prison Service is currently at record levels. However, the impact of this behaviour on prison officers has been largely overlooked. Therefore, the purpose of this paper aims to develop an understanding of prison officers’ experiences of working with suicide-related behaviour. As limited

Suicidality and Other Health Risk Behaviors among Female Youth in Juvenile Detention – 2018-01

This study investigates suicidality and health-risk behaviors among female juvenile detainees and identifies the extent to which suicidal behaviors are correlated with other risky activities. This study also explores 12 health risk behaviors, their prevalence, and relative associations to suicidal behaviors within the sample-population. Researchers collected data from 104 female

Correctional Officer Risk Perceptions and Professional Orientations: Examining Linkages Between the Two – 2017-09

Prisons managing treatment programs for incarcerated offenders require correctional officers to share favorable dispositions toward prisoners and rehabilitation if they are to function effectively. How officers judge prisoners, rehabilitative practices, and the broader goals of corrections can influence treatment efficiency, as well as offender conduct. For these reasons, it becomes

Independent Review of Ontario Corrections

The Independent Review of Ontario Corrections (IROC) provides arm’s length advice and recommendations on reforming Ontario’s adult correctional system. IROC’s activities are independent of the government and guided by public Terms of Reference. The Independent Review Team is led by Mr. Howard Sapers, the province’s Independent Advisor on Corrections Reform.

Probation Staff Attitudes Toward Substance Abuse Treatment and Evidence-Based Practices – 2016-05-23

Given the substantial need for and relatively low access to effective substance use disorder treatment for people on probation, it is critical to understand organizational and staff attitudes that may hinder or facilitate treatment linkage and willingness to adopt evidence-based practices. This study used survey data from a large county