The use of psychologically-informed warning letters in probation for high-risk clients with personality difficulties – 2018

Warning letters may be issued to probation service users in the community on licence as an alternative action to recalling them to prison, when the risk of serious harm can be managed safely. Template-based, formalized warning letters may inadvertently increase or compound risk when working with high-risk clients with personality

Approved and Off-Label Use of Prescribed Psychotropic Medications among Federal Canadian Inmates – 2018

Objective: To examine psychotropic medication prescription practices in federal Canadian penitentiaries. Method: 468 files were drawn from a purposive sample of thirteen Canadian federal institutions representing the five regions, different security levels, and male and female designated facilities. Information on the names of all psychotropic medications prescribed, indications for use,

Psychosocial approaches for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings: a rapid review – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the psychosocial approaches that have been studied and for which positive outcomes have been reported for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings. Design/methodology/approach A rapid review of the literature was undertaken. A search was conducted on MEDLINE and

Mental Health Among Incarcerated Women: An Examination of Factors Impacting Depression and PTSD Symptomology – 2018

Female offenders experience mental health symptoms at a higher rate than male offenders and females in the community. The current study investigated individual characteristics and experiences that may impact symptoms of depressive disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of female inmates in a large Southern prison system.

Despair Will Hold You Prisoner, Hope Will Set You Free: Hope and Meaning Among Released Prisoners – 2018

The current study examines the self-image and worldviews of 10 released prisoners in Israel through narrative analysis of their life stories, including past and present periods in their lives and future aspirations. The findings reveal a chaotic past perceived as lacking meaning, hope, and clear boundaries while being devoid of

The efficacy of exercise referral as an intervention for Irish male prisoners presenting with mental health symptoms – 2018

Purpose The use of exercise as an intervention to improve health in the general population is well documented. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether an exercise referral scheme can be an effective health promotion tool for male prisoners in Ireland, presenting with mental health symptoms. Design/methodology/approach This

Validation of a Tool to Measure Attitudes Among Community Corrections Officers Toward Shared Decision Making With Formerly Incarcerated Persons With Mental Illness – 2018

Community corrections professionals may employ shared decision making (SDM) in many ways with those they supervise who have serious mental illness (SMI). This study examined the psychometric properties of the Community Corrections Shared Decision Making Scale (CCSDM), an instrument developed to measure attitudes that support SDM in community corrections settings.

Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

Effectively Assessing Treatment Needs in Incarcerated Seriously Mentally Ill Individuals: The Utility of the Personality Assessment Inventory—Level of Care Index – 2018

Early identification of treatment needs in incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness has significant implications. Validated assessment instruments to guide treatment are lacking in correctional settings. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the predictive validity of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) in 35 inmates admitted to a specialized

Mental Health Screening, Treatment, and Institutional Incidents: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis of Long-Term Outcomes of Screening – 2018

There is little study of the impacts of screening on distal outcomes such as recovery or adverse incidents during incarceration. Furthermore, screening practices vary greatly between jurisdictions; many focus on history taking as opposed to current symptoms. Method. We conducted an observational cohort study of all admissions (N = 13,281)

Dual harm: an exploration of the presence and characteristics for dual violence and self-harm behaviour in prison – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to quantify the characteristics of dual-harm behaviour in prison in comparison with sole self-harm or assault behaviour in prison, with an analysis of the distinguishing features. Design/methodology/approach Official data on in-prison incidents, demographic and offending information were analysed for 326 prisoners in two

Incidence and risk factors for mortality after release from prison in Australia: a prospective cohort study – 2018

Aims To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. Design Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. Setting Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. Participants Adults (n = 1320) recruited in Queensland prisons

Immigration Detention and Mental Health – Webinar – 2018-04-10

In Ontario, immigration detainees, including adults, families and children, are held both in an immigration holding centre and in several provincial jails. Amongst the detainees are many who have pre-existing mental illness, including refugee claimants who have fled from persecution and experienced trauma prior to migration. Despite increasing evidence about

Past-year nonmedical use of prescription drugs among women on probation and parole: A cross-sectional study – 2018

Background: Prescription drug–related overdose deaths have increased dramatically in recent years. Women in the justice system experience high rates of drug use, victimization, trauma symptoms, and other health problems and would appear to be at high risk for nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). This study will be among the

The Effect of Mental Illness on Segregation Following Institutional Misconduct – 2018

Recent anecdotal reports have suggested that disciplinary segregation in prison is disproportionately used against mentally ill inmates. To date, little research has examined this phenomenon empirically. This study analyzes the impact of a prediagnosed mental illness on the likelihood an inmate is sentenced to segregation following an institutional misconduct in

Longitudinal Patterns of Secure Institutional Placement among Serious Adolescent Offenders – 2018

This study identifies longitudinal patterns of institutional placement to understand experiences in the juvenile justice system. We used monthly calendar data from the Pathways to Desistance study (N = 1,354), which focuses on understanding how serious adolescent offenders desist from antisocial activity. Youth between 14 and 18 years of age