Feasibility and Effectiveness of Continuing Methadone Maintenance Treatment During Incarceration Compared With Forced Withdrawal – 2018

Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is underutilized in correctional settings, and those receiving MMT in the community often undergo withdrawal upon incarceration. Federal and state regulations present barriers to providing methadone in correctional facilities. For this investigation, a community provider administered methadone to inmates who had been receiving methadone prior

Changes in Jail Inmates’ community connectedness across the period of incarceration – 2018

Jails bring inmates into proximity with one another and separate them from the community. Because inmates’ connectedness to one another and to the community influences post-release functioning, understanding risk factors for maladaptive shifts in connectedness may inform interventions. The current study examined changes in jail inmates’ (N = 203) connectedness

Gendered Expressions of Psychopathy: Correctional Staffs’ Perceptions of the CAPP and CABP Models – 2018

It has been suggested that psychopathy and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are associated and that they could be differently gendered variants of the same underlying phenotype. This study explored gender-specific perceptions of the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) and the Comprehensive Assessment of Borderline Personality (CABP). Correctional staff (n

Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

The associations of poor psychiatric well-being among incarcerated men with injecting drug use histories in Victoria, Australia – 2018

Background Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison

Completion and Recidivism Rates of High-Risk Youth on Probation: Do Home Visits Make a Difference? – 2018

Probation supervision with and without home visits is an underresearched area for adjudicated higher risk youth. This study compared 287 juvenile probationers receiving police/probation home visits with similar youth (n = 437) who were supervised on regular probation without home visits. Youth performance was measured during supervision and up to

The Role of Stigma Toward Mental Illness in Probation Officers’ Perceptions of Risk and Case Management Decisions – 2018

Recommendations for supervising offenders with mental illness have evolved from a narrow focus on treating psychopathology to an integration of mental health treatment and correctional interventions. Probation officers likely have inflated perceptions of risk for offenders with mental illness, which may result in improper risk assessment and misinformed risk management

Searching prison cells and prisoner bodies: Redacting carceral power and glimpsing gendered resistance in women’s prisons – 2018

In this article, I explore the routinized practices of prisoner discipline: searching bodies and cells in four Canadian federal women’s prisons. Through an analysis of post-search reports as well as reported incidents of use of force, I discuss three key findings: searching and confiscation patterns across institutions are not dictated

Exploring the Correlates of Perceived Job Dangerousness Among Correctional Staff at a Maximum Security Prison – 2018

In literature on correctional staff, one poorly understood antecedent of job stress and other negative outcomes is perceived danger from the job. Survey results from 272 staff at a state-run Midwestern maximum security prison were analyzed with Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) Regression to determine the relationships between personal/work environment variables

Evaluation of childhood trauma with respect to criminal behavior, dissociative experiences, adverse family experiences and psychiatric backgrounds among prison inmates – 2018

Highlights • Sociodemographic and psychometric data on female and male prison inmates were collected. • Childhood trauma, dissociation and adverse family experiences were prevalent and positively correlated. • A psychiatric background, sexual abuse and violent crimes were prominent in females. • A criminal background, substance use and sexual crimes were prominent among males. • A

Gaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvement – 2018

Highlights • Multiple substance users reported more arrests than single substance users. • Multiple substance users were more likely to report family disfunction. • Multiple substance users did not differ in offense categories from single substance users. Abstract Historically, research has demonstrated that multiple substance use, compared to single substance use, poses additional

Health promotion in a prison setting: an exploratory study on why and how to do it – 2018

Purpose Developing interventions in challenging contexts should imply proper discussion from its theoretical framework to implementation details. The purpose of this paper is to examine health promotion in prison settings as a mean of improving inmates’ rights concerning physical/emotional well-being, empowering inmates both to reclusion and re-entry challenges. Design/methodology/approach The