Disentangling the Relationship Between Social Ties, Prison Visitation, and Recidivism [2018]

Studies find inmates who receive visits while incarcerated are less likely to recidivate upon release, especially when visits are from spouses and occur frequently throughout incarceration. Absent from these studies is measurement of the quality of an inmate’s relationships prior to incarceration, which may play a more significant role in

“We all Come Together to Learn About Music”: A Qualitative Analysis of a 5-Year Music Program in a Juvenile Detention Facility [2018]

The purpose of this long-term qualitative study was to uncover evidence that might support components of positive youth development (PYD) in a music composition program at an urban youth detention center. The constructs of PYD come from self-determination theory—competence, autonomy, and relatedness—and formed the theoretical lens from which the data

Predicting youth assault and institutional danger in juvenile correctional facilities [2018]

Highlights• Positive Achievement Change Tool-Prescreen did not predict youth assault for the sample. • Positive Achievement Change Tool-Prescreen was more effective at predicting institutional danger than youth assault. • Positive Achievement Change Tool-Prescreen performed best for Whites than minorities for institutional danger. David A. Rembert, Whitney Threadcraft-Walker, Howard Henderson, Robin Jackson Journal of

Executive Dysfunction in Criminal Populations: Comparing Forensic Psychiatric Patients and Correctional Offenders [2018]

Background: Robust executive function (EF) deficits have been found in criminal groups and have been implicated as contributors to criminal behavior. A widely cited model of EF is made up of inhibition, shifting, and working memory. The current study compares these three EF components of two different criminal groups to

The clinician–patient working alliance: is it a significant predictor of psychiatric medication adherence in a sample of recently released parolees? [2018]

Persistent psychiatric symptoms can serve as a major barrier to the successful reintegration of parolees with mental illness. Thus, it is important to identify factors that might impact their mental health recovery, such as low adherence to their treatment regimen. The strength of the clinician/patient working alliance has been found

Psychological therapy in prisons: Professionals’ perceptions [2018]

This study explored professionals’ perceptions of providing psychological therapy in prisons. Eight professionals, affiliated with counselling as well as counselling, clinical and forensic psychology, were interviewed. A social constructionist paradigm was used to understand how social and discursive practices shaped professionals’ accounts, allowing for critical engagement with taken-for-granted practices. Participants’

Correcting the “Correctional” Component of the Corrections Officer Role: How Offender Custodians Can Contribute to Rehabilitation and Reintegration [2017]

Research demonstrates that for many individuals imprisonment fails to rehabilitate or deter, and may actually promote recidivism. What can be done to limit reoffending and improve reentry experiences? One malleable component of custodial corrections is the role of the corrections officer. Alterations in the practices of detention workers may significantly

Transitions and Motivations for Substance Misuse in Prison Inmates With ADHD and Conduct Disorder: Validation of a New Instrument [2017]

Objective: There is a reasonable theoretical base for understanding the possible causes and motivations behind substance misuse and its dependency. There is a need for a reliable and valid measure that delineates the markers of substance use from its initiation and identifies different motivations for drug use transitioning, maintenance, and

Further insights into the construct of criminal social identity: validation of a revised measure in a prison population [2017]

The current study objective was to develop a revised version of the Measure of Criminal Social Identity (MCSI) with an increased number of indicators to more reliably capture three MCSI dimensions. Dimensionality and construct validity of the Measure of Criminal Social Identity – Revised (MCSI-R) was examined among a sample

Unpacking the relationship between probationers with serious mental illnesses and probation officers: A mixed-methods examination [2017]

This study examines the relationship between a sample of 98 probationers with serious mental illnesses (SMI) and probation staff in three programs: mental health court, specialized mental health probation, and standard probation. Probationers in the mental health court rated the quality of their relationships with probation officers higher than did

Commissioner’s mandate letter – Correctional Service Canada [2018-09-05]

Dear Commissioner Kelly: Congratulations on your appointment as the ninth Commissioner of the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC). The integrity and coherence of government activities depend strongly upon Ministers’ abilities to coordinate their portfolios in an integrated way while respecting any necessary operational independence, as recognized in Open and Accountable

Statement – Mandate letter for the Commissioner of the Correctional Service of Canada issued by Minister Goodale [2018-09-05]

OTTAWA, Sept. 5, 2018 /CNW/ – Today, the Honourable Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, issued the following statement. “On July 27, 2018, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced the appointment of Anne Kelly as the Commissioner of the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), effective July 30, 2018.

Identification and treatment of offenders with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the prison population: a practical approach based upon expert consensus [2018]

Background Around 25% of prisoners meet diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Because ADHD is associated with increased recidivism and other functional and behavioural problems, appropriate diagnosis and treatment can be a critical intervention to improve outcomes. While ADHD is a treatable condition, best managed by a combination of medication