Supervising juveniles and adults: organizational context, professional orientations, and probation and parole officer behaviors – 2018

Observers of probation and parole suggest that organizational context and officers’ ‘working philosophy’ – how they see their job – may be instrumental in predicting supervision activities, yet few studies have examined this relationship. The present study contributes to the knowledge base on probation practices by examining the organizational context

Level of Personality Functioning Scale–Brief Form 2.0: Utility in Capturing Personality Problems in Psychiatric Outpatients and Incarcerated Addicts – 2018

This study examined the utility of the Level of Personality Functioning Scale–Brief Form 2.0 (LPFS–BF 2.0) in measuring features corresponding to self–other impairment of personality functioning as defined in the new general diagnostic guidelines for Personality Disorder in DSM-5 Section III and ICD-11. A mixed clinical sample (N = 228)

Health behind bars: can exploring the history of prison health systems impact future policy? – 2018

Highlights • The health of prison populations often represents ‘multi-dimensional disadvantage’. • Disease trends, societal attitudes and political forces influence prison healthcare. • Examining historical links between policy and health advances new thinking. • Greater familiarity with our shared history will promote ‘de-othering’ prisoners. Abstract “The value of history is,

Systematic review of qualitative evaluations of reentry programs addressing problematic drug use and mental health disorders amongst people transitioning from prison to communities – 2018

Background The paper presents a systematic review and metasynthesis of findings from qualitative evaluations of community reentry programs. The programs sought to engage recently released adult prison inmates with either problematic drug use or a mental health disorder. Methods Seven biomedical and social science databases, Cinahl, Pubmed, Scopus, Proquest, Medline,

The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self-rated health among prison detainees in Belgium – 2018

Prisoners are known to report worse health than the general population. Research has also shown that the prison population counts disproportionally more people with a lower socioeconomic status (SES), making it difficult to determine whether the worse self-reported health of prisoners is an effect of their detention or of their

Social determinants of health among Canadian inmates – 2018

Purpose International studies indicate that offenders have higher rates of infectious diseases, chronic diseases, and physical disorders relative to the general population. Although social determinants of health have been found to affect the mental health of a population, less information is available regarding the impact of social determinants on physical

Correctional Officers in Canada: Interpreting Workplace Violence – 2018

The potential for violence in prison shapes how correctional officers (COs) carry out their work. Yet, how provincial COs experience violence remains understudied. Using theoretical insights from the literature on workplace violence in caring and service occupations, we analyze observational data and interviews conducted with COs in eastern Canada. We

Changes in Community Integration From Pre- to Post-incarceration: The Influence of Psychological and Criminal Justice Factors – 2018

Research on changes in community integration from pre- to post-incarceration has primarily focused on employment and is mixed, showing both deterioration and improvement. Research is needed to examine change in other areas, as well as predictive individual-level factors. We assessed changes in jail inmates’ (n = 334) employment, source of

A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Within Forensic Psychiatric and Correctional Settings Worldwide – 2018

Cognitive-behavioral programs which are structured, skills-based, and risk-focused have been found to reduce recidivism rates by up to 55%. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) exemplifies all of these components, and has been rapidly adapted and implemented in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities worldwide to reduce recidivism. Regrettably, the widespread implementation of

The psychological impact of solitary: A longitudinal comparison of general population and long-term administratively segregated male inmates – 2018-02

Purpose This study expands upon existing research on the psychological impact of administrative segregation on inmates by addressing several methodological limitations in this body of literature. Methods Using a pre–post design, this study compared male general population (GP) inmates in the United States to those with up to 4 years

Evaluation of a complex intervention (Engager) for prisoners with common mental health problems, near to and after release: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial – 2017

Introduction The ‘Engager’ programme is a ‘through-the-gate’ intervention designed to support prisoners with common mental health problems as they transition from prison back into the community. The trial will evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Engager intervention. Methods and analysis The study is a parallel two-group randomised controlled trial

The prisoner’s dilemma: How male prisoners experience and respond to penal threat while incarcerated – 2018-02

Drawing on interview data with 56 former prisoners in Canada, we examine how male prisoners understand, experience, and respond to threat while incarcerated. We show that prisoners face a variety of different and often competing threats, resulting from prisoner interactions (e.g. threat of physical violence for being a “snitch”) on

Perceived workplace adversity and correctional officer psychological well-being: an international examination of the impact of officer response styles – 2018-02

Correctional officers work in a highly challenging environment and are at a heightened risk of a range of negative stress-related health conditions. This study examines how correctional officer responses to adversity moderate the association between perceived workplace adversity and psychological well-being. The aim was to assess the degree that perceived

Cost and cost-effectiveness of computerized vs. in-person motivational interventions in the criminal justice system – 2018-04

Highlights • The cost-effectiveness of a computerized intervention for probationers is assessed. • Effectiveness is self-reported initiation into any treatment at 6 months. • The computerized intervention was relatively good value for the main outcome. • Results are not robust to narrowing the outcome to initiating formal treatment only. Abstract Introduction Although substance use is

Ontario Transforming Adult Correctional System: Proposed Legislation Will Improve Conditions and Increase Transparency – News Release – 2018-02-20

Ontario is transforming its adult correctional system to achieve better outcomes for individuals in custody, and those being released. The province has introduced legislation that is the foundation of the boldest transformation of our corrections system in a generation. The legislation would apply a consistent and evidence-based approach to rehabilitation,