The efficacy of exercise referral as an intervention for Irish male prisoners presenting with mental health symptoms – 2018

Purpose The use of exercise as an intervention to improve health in the general population is well documented. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether an exercise referral scheme can be an effective health promotion tool for male prisoners in Ireland, presenting with mental health symptoms. Design/methodology/approach This

Validation of a Tool to Measure Attitudes Among Community Corrections Officers Toward Shared Decision Making With Formerly Incarcerated Persons With Mental Illness – 2018

Community corrections professionals may employ shared decision making (SDM) in many ways with those they supervise who have serious mental illness (SMI). This study examined the psychometric properties of the Community Corrections Shared Decision Making Scale (CCSDM), an instrument developed to measure attitudes that support SDM in community corrections settings.

Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

Effectively Assessing Treatment Needs in Incarcerated Seriously Mentally Ill Individuals: The Utility of the Personality Assessment Inventory—Level of Care Index – 2018

Early identification of treatment needs in incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness has significant implications. Validated assessment instruments to guide treatment are lacking in correctional settings. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the predictive validity of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) in 35 inmates admitted to a specialized

Mental Health Screening, Treatment, and Institutional Incidents: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis of Long-Term Outcomes of Screening – 2018

There is little study of the impacts of screening on distal outcomes such as recovery or adverse incidents during incarceration. Furthermore, screening practices vary greatly between jurisdictions; many focus on history taking as opposed to current symptoms. Method. We conducted an observational cohort study of all admissions (N = 13,281)

Dual harm: an exploration of the presence and characteristics for dual violence and self-harm behaviour in prison – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to quantify the characteristics of dual-harm behaviour in prison in comparison with sole self-harm or assault behaviour in prison, with an analysis of the distinguishing features. Design/methodology/approach Official data on in-prison incidents, demographic and offending information were analysed for 326 prisoners in two

Incidence and risk factors for mortality after release from prison in Australia: a prospective cohort study – 2018

Aims To estimate the incidence and identify risk factors for mortality in adults released from prisons in the state of Queensland, Australia. Design Prospective cohort study, linking baseline survey data with a national death register. Setting Selected prisons within Queensland, Australia. Participants Adults (n = 1320) recruited in Queensland prisons

Immigration Detention and Mental Health – Webinar – 2018-04-10

In Ontario, immigration detainees, including adults, families and children, are held both in an immigration holding centre and in several provincial jails. Amongst the detainees are many who have pre-existing mental illness, including refugee claimants who have fled from persecution and experienced trauma prior to migration. Despite increasing evidence about

Past-year nonmedical use of prescription drugs among women on probation and parole: A cross-sectional study – 2018

Background: Prescription drug–related overdose deaths have increased dramatically in recent years. Women in the justice system experience high rates of drug use, victimization, trauma symptoms, and other health problems and would appear to be at high risk for nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). This study will be among the

The Effect of Mental Illness on Segregation Following Institutional Misconduct – 2018

Recent anecdotal reports have suggested that disciplinary segregation in prison is disproportionately used against mentally ill inmates. To date, little research has examined this phenomenon empirically. This study analyzes the impact of a prediagnosed mental illness on the likelihood an inmate is sentenced to segregation following an institutional misconduct in

Longitudinal Patterns of Secure Institutional Placement among Serious Adolescent Offenders – 2018

This study identifies longitudinal patterns of institutional placement to understand experiences in the juvenile justice system. We used monthly calendar data from the Pathways to Desistance study (N = 1,354), which focuses on understanding how serious adolescent offenders desist from antisocial activity. Youth between 14 and 18 years of age

Evaluating concurrent validity of criminal justice and clinical assessments among women on probation – 2018

Background Women in the criminal justice (CJ) system experience complex and comorbid medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders, which often contribute to CJ involvement. To identify intersections between CJ and health needs, we calculated Spearman r correlations between concurrent CJ and clinical assessments from women on probation in Connecticut who

The role of aggression‐related early maladaptive schemas and schema modes in aggression in a prisoner sample – 2018

Contemporary social‐cognitive aggression theory and extant empirical research highlights the relationship between certain Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMSs) and aggression in offenders. To date, the related construct of schema modes, which presents a comprehensive and integrated schema unit, has received scant empirical attention. Furthermore, EMSs and schema modes have yet to

Anger parameters in parolees undergoing psychoeducation: Temporal stability, social desirability bias, and comparison with non‐offenders – 2018

Background Anger is commonly measured as if it were a single, simple construct. This may be particularly unhelpful if the main purpose of a measure is to determine change and responsiveness to interventions. Aims Our primary aim was to assess five anger parameters in parolees – frequency, duration, intensity, latency,

Postincarceration Fatal Overdoses After Implementing Medications for Addiction Treatment in a Statewide Correctional System – 2018

As the epidemic of opioid use in the United States continues to shift from prescription opioids to illicit drugs, more people living with opioid use disorder are encountering the criminal justice system. Most US correctional facilities do not continue or initiate medications for addiction treatment (MAT). This is especially unfortunate