Substance use, victimization, HIV/AIDS risk, and recidivism among females in a therapeutic justice program – 2018-02

This analysis examines the association between crack/cocaine use only and the SAVA syndemic (any substance use, being exposed to violence, having HIV/AIDS risk behaviors) at baseline and any felony, misdemeanor, or municipal violations by an 8-month follow-up. Data comes from 317 women recruited from a Municipal Drug Court System in

Assessing change in dynamic risk factors in forensic psychiatric inpatients: relationship with psychopathy and recidivism – 2017-10

This study explored change in dynamic risk for violence using the Clinical and Risk Management subscales of the Historical Clinical and Risk Management-20 version 3 (HCR-20 v3) and sought to determine whether change was associated with violent recidivism. The association between the magnitude of change and psychopathy was also assessed.

The relationship between mentally disordered inmates, victimization, and violence – 2018-01

The present study examines the role of violence in the life of a mentally disordered offender before and during incarceration. This article evaluates prior victimization, prison victimization, and the rate of violent crimes against individuals who have been professionally diagnosed with a mental illness. The results suggest there is a

Perceptions of the Legal System and Recidivism: Investigating the Mediating Role of Perceptions of Chances for Success in Juvenile Offenders – 2018-01

Using a sample of serious juvenile offenders, the current study examined relations between perceptions of the legal system and recidivism, exploring the roles of perceptions of chances for success as a mediator and race/ethnicity as a moderator. The results indicate that in Black and Hispanic juvenile offenders, but not White,

Differences in Neuropsychological Functioning Between Homicidal and Nonviolent Schizophrenia Samples – 2018

Few studies have compared performance on neurocognitive measures between violent and nonviolent schizophrenia samples. A better understanding of neurocognitive dysfunction in violent individuals with schizophrenia could increase the efficacy of violence reduction strategies and aid in risk assessment and adjudication processes. This study aimed to compare neuropsychological performance between 25

Criminal Minds: Narcissism Predicts Offending Behavior in a Non-Forensic Sample

Narcissism has been associated with various offending behaviors; however, the majority of research has concentrated on men using forensic samples. This study (n = 632) investigated narcissism and how it relates to offending behaviors, including both sexes. Significant differences were found when comparing the relationship between narcissism and offending behavior,

Disentangling the link between posttraumatic stress disorder and violent behavior: Findings from a nationally representative sample – 2018

Objective: Although research using combat veteran samples has demonstrated an association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and violence toward others, there has been relatively little research examining this relationship among individuals with no combat history. Method: Data representative of the United States population collected from the two wave National Epidemiologic

Exploring the Relationship Between Dual Diagnosis and Recidivism in Drug Court Participants – 2017

There is limited research investigating the relationship between dual diagnosis and offender outcomes in drug court settings, specifically regarding recidivism. The current study examined the effects of dual diagnosis on recidivism following participation in one drug court in the Southwestern United States. Results provided mixed evidence surrounding the impact of

The School Experiences of Male Adolescent Offenders: Implications for Academic Performance and Recidivism – 2018-01-10

Adolescents with juvenile justice system experience may be enrolled into alternative schools to increase academic success or to reduce delinquency. This study used longitudinal data on a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 1,216 male, first-time adolescent offenders to examine how youthful offenders’ school experiences were associated with academic outcomes, school attitudes,

Behavioral Addictions and Criminal Responsibility – 2017-12

Certain behavioral addictions pose difficult and unresolved problems for the criminal justice system. These disorders are characterized by strong desire states and may be associated with illegal behaviors that are committed to support the addiction. In this article, we begin with a general account of criminal responsibility and provide the

Treat or Repeat: A State Survey of Serious Mental Illness, Major Crimes and Community Treatment – 2017-09

Individuals with serious mental illness who have committed major crimes represent 2% of the estimated 8.2 million individuals with a severe psychiatric disease in the United States. Although this is a small segment of the total population, research shows that, without treatment, these individuals are at heightened risk of being

The aggressive brain: insights from neuroscience – 2018-02

Highlights • Virtually all animal species engage in aggressive behavior. • Brain mechanisms for aggression are very similar across species. • Aggression may be an emergent property of a ‘social behavior network.’ • The neurotransmitter serotonin is important for regulating reactive aggression. • Modern human aggression appears detached from these

Association of Childhood Blood Lead Levels With Criminal Offending – 2017-12-26

Key Points Question Is childhood lead exposure associated with criminal offending in a setting where the degree of lead exposure was not confounded by socioeconomic status? Findings In this cohort study of 553 New Zealanders observed for 38 years, lead exposure in childhood was weakly associated with official criminal conviction

Trauma and Violent Offending – Understanding Gang Violence Through the Lens of an Ex-Gang Member – 2015-11-17

The aim of this article is to examine how violent traumatic exposure over the life course can lead to future gang membership, violent offending and subsequent contact with the law. Drawing on a case study approach and a first person narrative our research explores the interpersonal nature of violent offending including the psychological