“Forgetting familiar faces”: Staff perceptions of dementia in people with intellectual disabilities [2018]

Accessible summary Dementia is an illness of the brain. It can make people forgetful and confused. We talked to staff about what it is like to support people with dementia. They told us that working with dementia is upsetting for family, friends and staff. AbstractBackgroundLiving with dementia is challenging, but

Survey of aged psychiatry services’ support of older Australians with very severe, persistent behavioural symptoms of dementia [2018]

Objective To map the provision of community, acute, non‐acute and residential care‐based state‐funded mental health services to older people with severe, persistent behavioural symptoms of dementia. Methods An electronic survey was completed in 2015 by senior representatives of aged persons’ mental health services across Australia’s six states. Results Jurisdictions varied

Developing dementia: The existential experience of the quality of life with young-onset dementia – A longitudinal case study [2018]

Background Cognition and the ability to take care of daily activities and oneself gradually declines among people with dementia. Studies are scarce, especially regarding how people with young-onset dementia (YOD) (<65 years) experience the quality of their lives with the progression of dementia. People with dementia living alone face special

Who’s challenging who training for staff empathy towards adults with challenging behaviour: cluster randomised controlled trial [2018]

Background One in five adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) known to services display challenging behaviours (CBs), and these individuals are at risk for restrictive practices and poor care. Staff attitudes may contribute to the development and/or maintenance of CBs. We investigated the effectiveness of co‐produced Who’s Challenging Who? training delivered

The health professional experience of using antipsychotic medication for dementia in care homes: A study using grounded theory and focussing on inappropriate prescribing [2018]

What is known on the subject People with dementia can experience symptoms that upset them and upset the people who care for them To cope, care homes sometimes use strong medicines called antipsychotics but these can make people with dementia become more ill We do not know just why doctors

Caregivers’ perceptions of aggressive behaviour in nursing home residents living with dementia: A meta‐ethnography [2018]

Aim To explore how formal caregivers perceive and interpret aggressive behaviour in nursing home residents living with dementia, by synthesizing knowledge from published qualitative studies. Background Nursing home caregivers are exposed to aggressive behaviour from residents living with dementia. The way caregivers perceive aggressive behaviour may affect their feelings and

Effectiveness of interventions for co‐residing family caregivers of people with dementia: Systematic review and meta‐analysis [2018]

Background/aim Occupational therapists and health practitioners commonly provide interventions to family caregivers of people with dementia with the aim of relieving burden, depression, and disruptions in health and social support. To date, the effects of multicomponent interventions specifically targeting these four important outcomes has not been established. The aim of

An intervention programme for caregivers of dementia patients with frontal behavioural changes: an explorative study with controlled effect on sense of competence [2018]

Aim Caregivers of dementia patients experience high levels of burden; this is especially true of caregivers of dementia patients with behavioural problems. As intervention studies for these caregivers are still lacking, we conducted an explorative pilot study into the efficacy of a support programme. Methods Participants were caregivers of dementia

The Effects of Music Therapy on Cognition, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease [2018]

Background:Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia, affecting millions of older people worldwide. However, pharmacological therapies have not achieved desirable clinical efficacy in the past decades. Non-pharmacological therapies have been receiving increased attention to treat dementia in recent years. Objective:This study explores the effects of music therapy

Preparing to Die Behind Bars The Journey of Male Inmates With Terminal Health Conditions [2018]

The prison population is graying as more individuals are receiving longer sentences without opportunities for parole or release for health-related reasons. While research has expanded on end-of-life care in and out of prison settings, to date there has been little research conducted on how inmates experience dying behind bars. Through

Lifetime trauma and suicide attempts in older clients with severe mental illness [2018]

Research examining links between lifetime trauma and suicide attempts in older clients with severe mental illness (SMI) is scarce. We examined associations among six common forms of lifetime trauma and lifetime suicide attempts while controlling for other known correlates of suicide attempts including gender, psychiatric symptoms, thoughts of self-harm/suicide, and

The patient experience in community mental health services for older people: a concept mapping approach to support the development of a new quality measure [2018]

Background The patient experience is a crucial part of the measurement of service quality. However, instruments to evaluate experiential quality in the community mental health care of older adults are lacking. Before designing a new instrument, clarity is needed about what is to be measured, and how care experiences are

Longitudinal Effects of Activities, Social Environment, and Psychotropic Medication Use on Behavioral Symptoms of Individuals With Alzheimer’s Disease in Nursing Homes [2018]

A secondary data analysis of 25,560 minutes of structured clinical observations from a longitudinal study examined the impact of time-varying background factors, social environment, and psychotropic medication use on behavioral symptoms of nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Data were collected at baseline (N = 177), 12 months (N

Stories of resident-to-resident aggression: Fears and experiences in long-term residential care [2018]

This thesis explores family caregiver concerns and experiences around resident-to-resident aggression (RRA) in long-term residential care (LTRC). Canadian media reports spanning a ten-year period (2007-2017) about RRA (n= 64) were analyzed with a critical discourse lens to examine the representation of family members. Also, family caregivers of residents in LTRC

Detecting agitation and aggression in people with dementia using sensors: A systematic review – 2018

Agitation and aggression are among the most challenging symptoms of dementia. Agitated persons with dementia can harm themselves, their caregivers, or other patients in a care facility. Automatic detection of agitation would be useful to alert caregivers so that appropriate interventions can be performed. The building blocks in the automatic

Views and experiences of care home staff on managing behaviours that challenge in dementia: a national survey in England – 2018

Aim: To determine the views of care home (CH) staff in relation to experiencing and managing behaviour that challenges (BtC) in dementia and their experiences of training. Method: Cross-sectional survey using a self-report questionnaire, distributed to staff employed in a 20% sample of all registered dementia-specialist CHs in England, either