Case study illustrations of a psychological treatment pathway in a secure intellectual disability service [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe in detail the treatment pathway utilised in a male medium and low secure intellectual disability (ID) service. Over the preceding five years, service users have followed the outlined treatment pathway. The current paper offers case study material to illustrate the care

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness: a Synthesis of the Literature and Discussion of How Supportive Housing Can Support Wellness for People with Intellectual Disability [2018]

Recent Findings Although rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) may be elevated in homeless populations, there is little research on homeless adults with ID whose cognitive and adaptive functioning deficits may affect how they respond to usual supports. Purpose of Review This literature synthesis describes the prevalence of ID among homeless

Intellectual disability in Irish prisoners; systematic review of prevalence [2018]

Purpose While individuals with an intellectual disability form a significant minority in the worldwide prison population, their healthcare needs require specialist attention. In Ireland, services for prisoners with intellectual disabilities need development. However, there is little substantive data estimating prevalence of intellectual disabilities within the Irish prison system. Design/methodology/approach We

“Forgetting familiar faces”: Staff perceptions of dementia in people with intellectual disabilities [2018]

Accessible summary Dementia is an illness of the brain. It can make people forgetful and confused. We talked to staff about what it is like to support people with dementia. They told us that working with dementia is upsetting for family, friends and staff. AbstractBackgroundLiving with dementia is challenging, but

“I feel like just a normal person now”: An exploration of the perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities about what is important in the provision of positive behavioural support [2018]

Accessible Summary People with a learning disability do not always get good supportWe wanted to know what they thought about positive behavioural supportThey told us many important things about good and bad supportGood support included being treated as a human being, having a good and full life and being helped

Persistence of self‐injury, aggression and property destruction in children and adults with tuberous sclerosis complex [2018]

Background Individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) are at increased risk of developing self‐injurious behaviour. The persistence of this deleterious behaviour over years is reported in aetiologically heterogeneous samples to be between 60% and 80% but is unknown for TSC. Method In this study, we determined the 3‐year persistence of

Risk factors and topographies for self‐injurious behaviour in a sample of adults with intellectual developmental disorders [2018]

Background Self‐injurious behaviour (SIB) is a prevalent form of challenging behaviour in people with intellectual developmental disorders (IDD). Existing research has yielded conflicting findings concerning the major risk factors involved, and in addition, SIB shows multiple topographies and presentations. Although presence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and severity of intellectual

Substance use disorders in patients with intellectual disability admitted to psychiatric hospitalisation [2018]

Background Few studies have looked at the prevalence of substance use disorders (SUD) in people with intellectual disability (ID). The results range between 1% and 6.4% and go up to 20% in people with ID and psychiatric disorders, probably underestimating real prevalence due to several limitations in these studies. ID

Personal characteristics and outcomes of individuals with developmental disabilities who need support for self‐injurious behaviour [2018]

Background For people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, self‐injurious behaviour (SIB) can have serious negative effects on both health and quality of life. This descriptive analysis will provide information on the characteristics and outcomes of a subsample of individuals who are identified as needing some or extensive support for SIB

A systematic review of the effectiveness of psychological approaches in the treatment of sex offenders with intellectual disabilities [2017]

Background Despite considerable advance and growth in the evidence base for psychological interventions as treatment for sex offenders with intellectual disabilities (ID), there remains limited evidence to support their effectiveness. This systematic review seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions on reducing reoffending rates for sex offenders with ID.

Finding the Right Assessment Measures for Young People with Intellectual Disabilities Who Display Harmful Sexual Behaviour [2016]

Background Previous studies and national reports have all noted that a significant proportion of the young people who display harmful sexual behaviours have intellectual disabilities. However, research on the topic has been scarce. This study presents a systematic review of the literature relating to clinical instruments specifically developed or adapted

Stigma experienced by family members of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: multidimensional construct [2018]

Background There is a lack of good-quality instruments measuring stigma experienced by family members of stigmatised people. Aims To develop a self-report measure of stigma among families of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and examine associations between family stigma and other variables. Method The new Family Stigma Instrument (FAMSI)

Reliability and Feasibility of Systematic Registration of Coercive Measures in Care for People With Intellectual Disabilities [2018]

Policies limit the use of coercive measures as a measure of last resort to protect people from danger. Success of policies can only be determined by registering the use of coercive measures. The reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested. In addition, implementation was investigated of improved registration in

Social information processing skills link executive functions to aggression in adolescents with mild to borderline intellectual disability [2018]

Executive Functions (EFs) have been associated with aggression in children and adolescents. EFs as higher-order cognitive abilities are assumed to affect cognitive functions such as Social Information Processing (SIP). We explored SIP skills as a mediating mechanism linking EFs to aggression in adolescents with mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID

Personal characteristics and outcomes of individuals with developmental disabilities who need support for self‐injurious behaviour [2018]

Background For people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, self‐injurious behaviour (SIB) can have serious negative effects on both health and quality of life. This descriptive analysis will provide information on the characteristics and outcomes of a subsample of individuals who are identified as needing some or extensive support for SIB

A schoolwide approach to promoting student bystander behavior in response to the use of the word “retard” [2018]

Highlights • Students often use the r-word as an insult or joke toward their peers. • Students are more likely to intervene when they hear the r-word used as an insult. • Students do not understand the r-word is harmful even when not used as an insult. • Participation in a schoolwide inclusion program

Long-stay patients with and without intellectual disability in forensic psychiatric settings: comparison of characteristics and needs [2018]

Background In recent years, concerns have been raised that too many patients stay for too long in forensic psychiatric services and that this is a particular problem in those with an intellectual disability. Aims To compare the characteristics, needs, and care pathways of long-stay patients with and without intellectual disability

Head banging as a form of self-harm among inpatients within forensic mental health and intellectual disability services [2018]

Introduction: ‘Head banging’ is a common form of self-harm, linked to numerous negative outcomes including significant brain damage. However, little research has investigated head banging behaviour and its correlates in clinical populations. Method: Head banging episodes were identified from the incident records (n = 5417) of two inpatient forensic services

Attitudes of health care professionals toward people with intellectual disability: a comparison with the general population [2018]

Background Few studies have examined attitudes that may promote the social inclusion of persons with an intellectual disability (ID) among health care providers (HCPs). Yet these attitudes could impact the accessibility and quality of services provided to this population, as well as the general attitudes of HCPs. The objectives of