Clinical Practices and Barriers to Best Practice Implementation of Psychologists Working with Adults with Intellectual Disability and Comorbid Mental Ill Health [2018]

Evidence‐based practice (EBP) has not been well established in the area of intellectual disability (ID) and comorbid mental ill health. Some attempts in the form of policies and practice guidelines have been made. The aim of this study was to investigate assessment practices of Australian psychologists working with adults from

Underdiagnosis of psychiatric disorders in people with intellectual disabilities: Differences between psychiatric disorders and challenging behaviour [2018]

Background and purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the level of mental disorders and challenging behaviour in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) supported by specialized services, but without a prior psychiatric diagnosis, and to compare the levels of different disorders depending on the severity of ID. Methods:

Restraint interventions in people with moderate to profound intellectual disabilities: Perspectives of support staff and family members [2018]

Background Due to incompatibilities in communication, it is key that family members and support staff can take the perspective of people with moderate to profound intellectual disabilities (ID) whilst putting aside their own perspectives. Method Ten vignettes describing types of restraint interventions (RIs) were presented to 20 unique pairs of

An Independent Investigation Into the Psychometric Properties of the Adult Scale of Hostility and Aggression (A-SHARP) [2017]

Background: The Adult Scale of Hostility and Aggression (A-SHARP) rating scale assesses the frequency/severity (problem scale) and the reactive-proactive motivation (provocation scale) of aggressive behaviors in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Items are assigned to five subscales (Verbal Aggression, Physical Aggression, Hostile Affect, Covert Aggression, and Bullying). Although psychometric properties

Intellectual and developmental disabilities and Ontario’s forensic inpatient system: a population-based cohort study [2017]

Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in forensic inpatient beds are both complex and understudied. Previous studies have been limited and largely based on smaller clinical samples. We used data from a population-based cohort of Ontario adults with IDD (H-CARDD cohort, n = 66,000) to describe their prevalence in forensic inpatient

Clinical Practices and Barriers to Best Practice Implementation of Psychologists Working with Adults with Intellectual Disability and Comorbid Mental Ill Health [2018]

Evidence‐based practice (EBP) has not been well established in the area of intellectual disability (ID) and comorbid mental ill health. Some attempts in the form of policies and practice guidelines have been made. The aim of this study was to investigate assessment practices of Australian psychologists working with adults from

Dual Diagnosis: A Problematic Construct When Applied to Persons with Intellectual Disabilities [2018]

The term dual diagnosis can refer to the co-occurrence of an intellectual disability and a mental disorder. While such a term may have some advocacy rationale aimed at facilitating improved mental health care for those with intellectual disabilities, it is proposed that the construct has flawed underpinnings, and its application

Reliability and Feasibility of Systematic Registration of Coercive Measures in Care for People With Intellectual Disabilities [2018]

Policies limit the use of coercive measures as a measure of last resort to protect people from danger. Success of policies can only be determined by registering the use of coercive measures. The reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested. In addition, implementation was investigated of improved registration in

Who’s challenging who training for staff empathy towards adults with challenging behaviour: cluster randomised controlled trial [2018]

Background One in five adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) known to services display challenging behaviours (CBs), and these individuals are at risk for restrictive practices and poor care. Staff attitudes may contribute to the development and/or maintenance of CBs. We investigated the effectiveness of co‐produced Who’s Challenging Who? training delivered

Long-stay patients with and without intellectual disability in forensic psychiatric settings: comparison of characteristics and needs [2018]

Background In recent years, concerns have been raised that too many patients stay for too long in forensic psychiatric services and that this is a particular problem in those with an intellectual disability. Aims To compare the characteristics, needs, and care pathways of long-stay patients with and without intellectual disability

Head banging as a form of self-harm among inpatients within forensic mental health and intellectual disability services [2018]

Introduction: ‘Head banging’ is a common form of self-harm, linked to numerous negative outcomes including significant brain damage. However, little research has investigated head banging behaviour and its correlates in clinical populations. Method: Head banging episodes were identified from the incident records (n = 5417) of two inpatient forensic services

Substance use disorders in patients with intellectual disability admitted to psychiatric hospitalisation [2018]

Background Few studies have looked at the prevalence of substance use disorders (SUD) in people with intellectual disability (ID). The results range between 1% and 6.4% and go up to 20% in people with ID and psychiatric disorders, probably underestimating real prevalence due to several limitations in these studies. ID

The Mental Health of Adults with Developmental Disabilities in Ontario: Lessons from Administrative Health Data [2018]

Adults with developmental disabilities have increased rates of mental illness and addiction, in addition to being more likely to experience physical health issues. This can lead to high rates of hospital and community-based healthcare. Population-based administrative health data can help in identifying the extent of problems experienced and target areas

The Effect of Housing First on Housing Stability for People with Mental Illness and Low Intellectual Functioning [2018]

Objective: Housing First (HF) has been linked to increased tenure in housing for homeless people with mental illness, but the effect of HF on housing stability for people with borderline or lower intellectual functioning has not been examined. This study of homeless adults with mental illness in Toronto, Ontario assessed

Building workforce capacity in Australia and New Zealand: a profile of psychiatrists with an interest in intellectual and developmental disability mental health [2018]

Objective: To describe the characteristics of psychiatrists working in the area of intellectual and developmental disability mental health (IDDMH) across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A secondary analysis of data collected by the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2014 workforce survey. Characteristics of the IDDMH workforce (n=146

What Can the Experiences of People With an Intellectual Disability Tell Us About the Desirable Attributes of a Mental Health Professional? [2018]

Introduction: Mental health professionals have reported that they have limited knowledge, skills, and confidence in the area of intellectual disability mental health. This article aims to learn from the experiences of people with intellectual disability about the attributes that may assist mainstream mental health professionals to provide them with a

Interventions for mental health problems in children and adults with severe intellectual disabilities: a systematic review

Objective Mental health problems are more prevalent in people with than without intellectual disabilities, yet treatment options have received little attention. The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacological and psychological interventions in the treatment of mental health problems in children and adults with

Characteristics of Aggressive Behavior in People With Mild to Borderline Intellectual Disability and Co-Occurring Psychopathology – 2018

Introduction: People with intellectual disabilities and co-occurring psychopathology have a relatively high likelihood to engage in aggressive behavior. Nevertheless, structured clinical assessment of aggressive behavior, including when and where it occurs, is scarce in this population. Methods: On three wards specializing in the care for people with mild to borderline

Associations Between Mental Health Problems and Challenging Behavior in Adults With Intellectual Disabilities: A Test of the Behavioral Equivalents Hypothesis – 2018

Introduction: Current research findings in the field of intellectual disabilities (ID) regarding the relationship between mental health problems and challenging behavior are inconclusive and/or contradictory. The aim of this study was to further investigate the putative association between these two highly prevalent phenomena in people with ID, and specifically to

Health-related quality of life in people with intellectual disability who use long-term antipsychotic drugs for challenging behaviour – 2018

Highlights • We studied health-related quality of life in people who use long-term antipsychotics. • Mental health status was lower compared to the general population. • Emotional wellbeing was influenced by irritability and lethargy. • Physical wellbeing was influenced by parkinsonism and autonomic symptoms. Abstract Background Many people with intellectual disabilities use long-term antipsychotics