Executive Dysfunction in Criminal Populations: Comparing Forensic Psychiatric Patients and Correctional Offenders [2018]

Background: Robust executive function (EF) deficits have been found in criminal groups and have been implicated as contributors to criminal behavior. A widely cited model of EF is made up of inhibition, shifting, and working memory. The current study compares these three EF components of two different criminal groups to

Addressing Linguistic and Cultural Differences in the Forensic Interview [2018]

Given the increased cultural, linguistic and socioeconomic diversity of individuals undergoing legal proceedings, forensic mental health professionals around the world are often tasked with evaluating defendants who are drastically different from themselves. There appears to be a clear consensus that cultural competency should be a key component of both the

An Examination of Triarchic Psychopathy Constructs in Female Offenders [2018]

This study sought to expand scientific knowledge on psychopathic personality traits in female offenders by evaluating the relationship between MMPI–2–RF triarchic scales and self-reported external variables in a sample of 205 female offenders. Results indicated that boldness was inversely related to internalizing dysfunction, including suicidal behavior, psychosis, youth conduct problems,

Describing the feasibility of using case management in a specialist forensic substance misuse intervention for UK veterans: a case study [2018]

Veterans with mental health problems are a high-risk group for substance misuse difficulties and are over-represented in forensic settings. Yet, there are few substance misuse services available for this population. Evidence suggests that case management can provide effective interventions for veterans with substance misuse problems. However, there is little research

Prospective observational cohort study of ‘treatment as usual’ over four years for patients with schizophrenia in a national forensic hospital [2018]

Background We evaluated change in response to multi-modal psychosocial ‘treatment as usual’ programs offered within a forensic hospital. Methods Sixty nine patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were followed for up to four years. Patient progress was evaluated using the DUNDRUM-3, a measure of patient ability to

Sexual offender treatment outcomes among psychopathy subtypes [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine sexual offender treatment responses as a function of psychopathy subtype. Design/methodology/approach Measures of sexual violence risk, treatment change and outcome variables were coded retrospectively on a sample of 86 high Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) scoring sexual offenders. Psychopathy subtypes were identified through

Implementing seclusion in forensic mental health care: A qualitative study of staff decision making [2018]

HIGHLIGHTS• There is increasing focus on staff/organisational factors on the use of seclusion. • Nurses’ decision making to seclude is affected by a number of different considerations. • Contributory factors are professional and take into account the wider context. • Nurses being supported with reflection are a key factor in reducing seclusion. ABSTRACT Forensic

Improving the practice of handover for psychiatric inpatient nursing staff [2018]

AIM The aim of this project was to embed SBAR as a communication framework into inpatient point of care nurses handover practices on 27 inpatient psychiatric units, and to ensure that the information given/received provided staff with the confidence to provide safe patient care. METHODS A plan-do-study-act quality improvement framework

Forensic Psychiatric Patients with Comorbid Psychopathy: Double Trouble? [2017]

Patients with psychopathy need intensive care and supervision. There is however reluctance to treat them because of (supposedly) limted chances of success and risk of therapy-interfering behavior. This study focused on inpatient disruptive behavior in mentally disordered offenders during medium security treatment. Patients (N = 224) were assessed using the

Schizophrenia in a high-security hospital: long-term forensic, clinical, administrative & social outcomes [2017]

Objective: To determine forensic, clinical, social and administrative outcomes of high-security patients. Method: Prospective year follow-up study of 169 patients with schizophrenia, 1992–1993. Results: By the end of the study, 46 (27.2%) patients were in high security, 43 (25.5%) in medium- or low-secure units, 35 (20.7%) in an open ward,

Psychosocial approaches for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings: a rapid review [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the psychosocial approaches that have been studied and for which positive outcomes have been reported for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings. Design/methodology/approach A rapid review of the literature was undertaken. A search was conducted on MEDLINE and

Psychologists’ understanding of the factors influencing successful treatment in a secure forensic environment [2018]

Purpose Literature suggests that mentally disordered offenders are considerably more difficult to treat and slower to respond to psychological treatment. Less is known about the particular factors that can contribute to this resistance. A more comprehensive understanding of the factors that treating psychologists feel can promote or inhibit progression through

Socially creative activities in Psychologically Informed Planned Environments: engaging and relating in the Offender Personality Disorder Pathway [2018]

Purpose Major developments in the management of and intervention for people with significant personality difficulties who have offended are continuing, most recently with the implementation of the Offender Personality Disorder (Department of Health/National Offender Management Service (DoH/NOMS), 2011) Pathway. Included in this, is the Psychologically Informed Planned Environment model, currently

Prison Suicide in Comparison to Suicide Events in Forensic Psychiatric Hospitals in Germany [2018]

Background: There is limited international as well as national research on suicide events in prisons and in forensic psychiatric hospitals. This retrospective study compares completed suicide events within these two high-risk populations in state institutions over a time period of 5 years from 2000 to 2004. Material and Methods: Data

Caring as Coercion: Exploring the Nurse’s Role in Mandated Treatment [2018]

When nurses work in environments that have overlapping medical, legal, institutional, social, and therapeutic priorities, nursing care can become an effective tool in advancing the competing goals of these multiple systems. During the provision of patient care, nurses manage the tensions inherent in the competing priorities of these different systems,

Degree of Anger During Anger-Generating Situations Among Psychiatric Staff Nurses: Association Between Nurses’ Attitudes Toward Service Users’ Aggression and Confidence in Intervening in Aggressive Situations [2018]

Some situations require psychiatric staff nurses to respond to service users’ negativity or aggression. As a result, psychiatric staff nurses may experience anger. The current study examined how anger levels of psychiatric staff nurses triggered by anger-generating situations by service users affected nurses’ confidence and attitudes. A questionnaire survey was

Perceptions of sex offenders with intellectual disability: A comparison of forensic staff and the general public [2018]

Background Existing literature suggests that individuals with intellectual disability are not always held accountable for their actions and forensic staff are unlikely to report their sexually harmful behaviour. Method This research explores how categorization of an offender as having intellectual disability and the framing of an offence as planned or