The Criminal Narrative Experience of Psychopathic and Personality Disordered Offenders [2018]

Given the challenges associated with psychopathic and personality disordered offenders, further insight is needed. One way of doing this is by looking at offending from the first-person perspective. The study investigated the criminal narrative experience (CNE) of this population during the commissioning of crimes. Twenty-two high-risk male offenders were recruited

Psychometric Examination of Treatment Change Among Mentally Disordered Offenders: A Risk–Needs Analysis [2017]

The present study examined the association of psychiatric symptomatology, criminal attitudes, and treatment changes within these domains to violent and general recidivism in a sample of 614 mentally disordered offenders. Significant pre–post changes were found on multiple measures of criminal attitudes, symptomatology, and readiness for change. Antisocial Intentions and Attitudes

Criminal Thinking, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Recovery Attitudes Among Community Mental Health Patients: An Examination of Program Placement [2017]

Research suggests it is important to consider criminogenic needs among individuals with severe mental illness. This study aimed to determine the severity of criminal thinking in community-based clinical samples, understand the association between criminal thinking and psychiatric and criminal justice outcomes, and compare these associations between consumers enrolled in Assertive

External Trigger Factors for Violent Offending: Findings From the U.K. Prisoner Cohort Study [2017]

The role of “triggers” for violence is seldom considered when assessing risk of violence in prisoners and forensic patients. A sample of 494 cases from a two-phase study of violent prisoners in England and Wales were rated for presence of acute risk factors and “triggers” occurring before the index offense.

Validity and Predictive Accuracy of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk in Criminal Forensic Evaluations: A Swiss Cross-Validation Retrospective Study [2016]

Some actuarial and structured professional judgment (SPJ) risk-assessment instruments have already demonstrated their validity and predictive accuracy in expert criminal forensic evaluations. In contrast, little is known about the effectiveness of instruments identifying protective factors in risk of recidivism prediction. The present study was designed to evaluate the validity and

The Forensic Symptoms Inventory—Revised (FSI-R Adults): Measurement and Structural Invariance Across Gender and Age Groups [2017]

This article investigates the measurement and structural invariance of a newly developed self-report questionnaire, the Forensic Symptoms Inventory-Revised, aimed at measuring eight cognitive, emotional, and behavioral deficits (aggression, lack of social support, problematic substance use, lack of concentration, anger, poor self-regulation, impulsivity, and sexual problems) among adult forensic outpatients. The

High-support hostel care for mentally disordered offenders: a description of a service [2018]

There is limited literature describing innovative models for forensic care. This paper describes the patient group, the model of care, and outcomes for residents in a 24-h supported hostel for mentally disordered offenders leaving secure setting over 13 years. In this period, of 160 referrals received, the service accepted 81

Psychopathy, the Big Five and empathy as predictors of violence in a forensic sample of substance abusers

It is widely recognized that substance abuse increases the general risk of delinquency and violent offenses in particular. Substance-related disorders are the primary cause of offenders being sentenced to mandatory treatment in forensic psychiatry. However, instead of a mono-causal link between addiction and violence, additional risk factors must be assumed.

Forensic Inpatients with Low IQ and Psychiatric Comorbidities: Specificity and Heterogeneity of Psychiatric and Social Profiles [2018]

While the prevalence of mental disorders in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is well documented, there is less specific literature in the forensic domain. This study sought to clarify the psychiatric and criminological characteristics among Belgian French-speaker forensic inpatients with low IQ and mental health illnesses. To this end, we

Forensic psychiatric patients’ perceptions of situations associated with mechanical restraint: A qualitative interview study [2018]

To reduce the use and duration of mechanical restraint in forensic settings and ensure evidence‐based patient care, we need more knowledge about patients’ subjective experiences and perceptions. The aim was to investigate forensic psychiatric patients’ perceptions of situations associated with the use of mechanical restraint and what they perceive as

Deliberate ingestion of foreign bodies as a form of self-harm among inpatients within forensic mental health and intellectual disability services [2018]

Deliberate foreign body ingestion is a significant issue in prison and psychiatric settings. It is associated with serious physical complications, including bowel obstruction, perforation and haemorrhage. Episodes of deliberate foreign body ingestion were identified retrospectively from 5417 incident records from two inpatient forensic services (one mental health and one intellectual

‘First and foremost a human being…’: user perspectives on mental health services from 50 mentally disordered offenders [2018]

Background: This is the first study of this kind in a Danish context. Knowledge and research on user perspectives is rather limited in Danish as well as Nordic psychiatry. Aims: The aim of the study was to create new knowledge on patient and user perspectives and how mentally disordered offenders

‘The Art of Understanding in Forensic Psychiatric Care’ – From a Caring Science Perspective Based on a Lifeworld Approach [2018]

Patients in forensic psychiatric clinics are a vulnerable and exposed patient group due to suffering from a severe mental disorder, having committed a crime and being cared for against their will in an institutional environment with a high level of security. The art of understanding in forensic psychiatric care is

Harm‐reduction approaches for self‐cutting in inpatient mental health settings: Development and preliminary validation of the Attitudes to Self‐cutting Management (ASc‐Me) Scale [2018]

Introduction Harm‐reduction approaches for self‐harm in mental health settings have been under‐researched. Aim To develop a measure of the acceptability of management approaches for self‐cutting in mental health inpatient settings. Methods Stage one: scale items were generated from relevant literature and staff/service user consultation. Stage two: A cross‐sectional survey and

Psychopathological Assessment of Risk of Restraint in Acute Psychiatric Patients [2017]

The study aims to identify independent predictors of physical restraint in acute psychiatric patients and to determine the predictive power of a risk assessment model centered on psychopathological dimensions. We included 1552 patients admitted to a psychiatric intensive care unit over a 5-year period. Patients were rated on the Brief