Impact of Veteran Status and Timing of PTSD Diagnosis on Criminal Justice Outcomes [2018]

Previous research has demonstrated that jurors show a bias towards treatment for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present research examines this bias when jurors are faced with cases of potential malingering, in which the defendant’s claim of PTSD is a perceived attempt to escape legal punishments. Trial vignettes,

Predicting program success for adult offenders with serious mental illness in a court ordered diversion program [2018]

Individuals with mental illnesses are disproportionately involved with the criminal justice system and are now being diverted from jails to community-based supervision. This study examines secondary data from a state hospital, mental health diversion program. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors that best predicted successful program completion. Results

Interagency collaboration models for people with mental ill health in contact with the police: a systematic scoping review [2017]

Objective To identify existing evidence on interagency collaboration between law enforcement, emergency services, statutory services and third sector agencies regarding people with mental ill health. Design Systematic scoping review. Scoping reviews map particular research areas to identify research gaps. Data sources and eligibility ASSIA, CENTRAL, the Cochrane Library databases, Criminal

Substance use disorders and their effect on the psychiatric and justice systems [2018]

Background and Objectives A high proportion of persons in institutionalized settings such as the criminal justice system and psychiatric hospitals have substance use disorders (SUDs). We explored the association between substance use, demographics, and criminal justice involvement in a population of patients placed on involuntary 72‐h holds in a psychiatric

Young Minds, Old Legal Problems: Can Neuroscience Fill the Void? Young Offenders & The Age of Criminal Responsibility Bill—Promise and Perils [2018]

From 10 years of age, the criminal law requires a person demonstrate a reasonable degree of normative competence. But what if a young person aged between 10 and 14 years does not possess such mental capacities, cannot do anything about it and is not capable of holding responsibility? Should the

Support for Balanced Justice and Rehabilitation for Justice-Involved Veterans [2018]

Justice-involved veterans face increased behavioral health (e.g., mental health and substance abuse) issues and are more likely to be incarcerated for a violent offense compared to nonveterans. Despite the large number of veterans involved in the justice system, there is a paucity of research examining public opinion of sanctioning approaches

Safeguarding Rights to Liberty and Security where People with Disability are Subject to Detention and Restraint: A Rights-based Approach (Part One) [2018]

This is the first article in a two-part series that establishes a framework for evaluating law as it affects the rights to liberty and security for people with intellectual and cognitive impairments. Such laws include those which permit the detention and use of restrictive practices for ‘challenging behaviours’ or ‘behaviours

Engaging “seldom heard” groups in research and intervention development: Offender mental health [2018]

Background People subject to the criminal justice system often have substantially different life‐experiences from the general population. Patient and public involvement (PPI) of “seldom heard” groups provides valuable experiential knowledge, enhancing research. Objective To share our jointly developed techniques to ensure the meaningful engagement and contribution of people with lived

Sharing power in criminal justice: The potential of co‐production for offenders experiencing mental health and addictions in New Zealand [2018]

Co‐production has begun to make inroads into research, policy, and practice in mental health and addictions. Little is known, however, about the role co‐production has or could have in shaping how the criminal justice system responds to mental health and addictions. Given that a large majority of prisoners in Aotearoa

Outcome of serious violent offenders with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder dealt with by the New South Wales criminal justice system – 2018

Background: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. Method: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in

Predicting program success for adult offenders with serious mental illness in a court ordered diversion program – 2018

Individuals with mental illnesses are disproportionately involved with the criminal justice system and are now being diverted from jails to community-based supervision. This study examines secondary data from a state hospital, mental health diversion program. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors that best predicted successful program completion. Results

An Integrative Review of Nurse-Authored Research to Improve Health Equity and Human Rights for Criminal-Justice-Involved People – 2018

Background An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research

Making sense of interactions between mental health and criminal justice services: the utility of cultural historical activity systems theory – 2018

Purpose Effective collaboration between mental health services (MHS) and criminal justice services (CJS) impacts on mental illness and reduces reoffending rates. This paper proposes the change laboratory model (CLM) of workplace transformation as a potential tool to support interagency collaborative practice that has potential to complement current integration tools used