A communication skills intervention to minimise patient perpetrated aggression for healthcare support workers in New Zealand: A cluster randomised controlled trial [2018]

Healthcare support workers face challenging situations in their day‐to‐day work but may have minimal training on how to deal with such incidents. Although staff training is often recommended as an essential part of any comprehensive approach for preventing and managing workplace violence, there is paucity of evidence on the content

Impact of client suicide on social workers and counselors [2018]

Recent studies on the impact of client suicide on mental health professionals focus on psychiatrists and psychologists, while,in the current mental health system in our country, most clients receive services from other clinicians. This research focuses on the impact of client suicide on social workers and counselors as well as

Vicarious Traumatisation: Working with Clients of Probation Services [2018]

This study aims to explore whether attachment styles of adult probation officers (POs) are correlated with disruptions in cognitive schemas of trust and safety (vicarious traumatisation—VT) and whether they moderate the relationship between personal trauma history and cognitive schemas. We conducted an anonymous self-report census with adult POs in Israel

The impact of engaging with clients’ trauma stories: Personal and organizational strategies to manage probation practitioners’ risk of developing vicarious traumatization

This article considers the impact on probation practitioners of exposure to, and engagement with, clients’ trauma stories. Drawing on research in related client-focused fields, the article discusses the constructivist self-development theory of vicarious traumatization and how the probation practitioner role places practitioners at risk of experiencing negative changes to their

The Assessment of Resilience and Burnout in Correctional Officers [2018]

Despite the awareness of occupational stress in first responders, virtually no investigations have focused on correctional officer resilience. The purpose of this study was to (a) identify whether personal strengths (i.e., hope, optimism, social support) are associated with increased resilience, (b) determine the extent to which resilience protects against job

The Impact of Job Expectations, Workload, and Autonomy on Work-Related Stress Among Prison Wardens in the United States [2018]

Prison wardens manage both external pressures and internal challenges that affect work-related stress. Using data from a national survey of prison wardens, we examined the impact of conflicting job expectations, workload, and job autonomy on work-related stress among prison wardens. The ordered logistic regression results showed a significant and positive

Security interventions for workplace violence in the emergency department [2018]

Objectives Despite a policy of zero tolerance towards workplace violence (WPV) in Australian public hospital EDs, the incidence of WPV continues to increase. The aim of this study was to characterise security responses to WPV within an adult level 4 ED. Methods A retrospective single‐centre review of episodes of WPV

Caring for the caregivers: Evaluation of the effect of an eight-week pilot mindful self-compassion (MSC) training program on nurses’ compassion fatigue and resilience [2018]

Background Nurses vicariously exposed to the suffering of those in their care are at risk of compassion fatigue. Emerging research suggests that self-compassion interventions may provide protective factors and enhance resilience. This pilot study examined the effect of an eight-week Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) training intervention on nurses’ compassion fatigue and

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence and associations of stress and burnout among staff in long-term care facilities for people with dementia [2018]

Background: Care home staff stress and burnout may be related to high turnover and associated with poorer quality care. We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed studies reporting stress and burnout and associated factors in staff for people living with dementia in long-term care. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science

Correctional Officers in Canada: Interpreting Workplace Violence [2018]

The potential for violence in prison shapes how correctional officers (COs) carry out their work. Yet, how provincial COs experience violence remains understudied. Using theoretical insights from the literature on workplace violence in caring and service occupations, we analyze observational data and interviews conducted with COs in eastern Canada. We

Experiences of Violence and Preventive Measures Among Nurses in Psychiatric and Non–Psychiatric Home Visit Nursing Services in Japan [2018]

Home visit nurses (HVNs) are crucial in psychiatric home visit nursing (PHVN) in Japan. However, little is known about violence toward HVNs in PHVN and non–PHVN settings. The current study aimed to clarify nurses’ experiences of violence in these settings, their implementation of preventive measures, and related associations. Questionnaires were

Workplace violence perpetrated by clients of health care: A need for safety and trauma‐informed care [2018]

Aims To examine the relationship between workplace violence perpetrated by clients, their innate neurophysiological response to dis‐ease and the resulting interactions with healthcare providers. Background Client‐on‐worker violence remains a problem globally. Workplace violence risk factors have been documented. A gap remains in understanding what has happened to clients that perpetrate

Qualitatively Unpacking Canadian Public Safety Personnel Experiences of Trauma and Their Well-Being [2018]

We thematically analysed responses volunteered by 828 of the nearly 9,000 public safety personnel (PSP) who participated in an online survey on occupational stress injuries and symptoms. Participants responded to an open-ended optional request for “additional feedback” located at the end of the survey. Salient response themes reveal that, across

Burnout in U.K. Prison Officers: The Role of Personality [2017]

The study assessed the role of personality on burnout in prison officers. About 120 U.K. prison officers completed questionnaires assessing three dimensions of burnout, the “big five” personality variables, and locus of control. Neuroticism predicted emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment, and locus of control predicted all burnout dimensions. Prison officers

Post-Traumatic Stress and Suicide in Corrections: How PA DOC is Addressing the Issue [2017-08-07]

On a daily basis, corrections officers interact with inmates, many of whom have committed heinous acts that led to their incarceration. Inside prison walls, inmates remain dangerous and unpredictable. Officers must constantly be alert and their lives may depend on how they respond to a situation. To work in corrections,

What First Responders Should Seek in Mental Health Clinicians [2017-07-10]

A career in public safety is unlike any other. Police officers, firefighters, and paramedics wake up each morning with the mission of keeping communities safe—often risking their own lives to protect others. While these noble professions can be exceptionally rewarding, they also regularly expose men and women to traumatic scenes