Mental toughness and perceived stress in police and fire officers [2018]

Purpose Mental toughness describes a set of attributes relating to how individuals deal with challenges, stressors, and pressure. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between mental toughness and perceived stress in police and fire officers. Design/methodology/approach The participants were 247 police officers and 130 fire fighters.

Burnout symptoms in forensic psychiatric nurses and their associations with personality, emotional intelligence and client aggression: A cross‐sectional study [2018]

What is known on the subject?Client aggression in forensic psychiatry is associated with burnout symptoms in nursing staff. It is unclear what mechanisms contribute to this relationship.The type and severity of aggression might be of importance in the association between client aggression and burnout symptoms, but also the personality characteristics

Workplace violence perpetrated by clients of healthcare: A need for safety and trauma‐informed care [2018]

AimsTo examine the relationship between workplace violence perpetrated by clients, their innate neurophysiological response to dis‐ease, and the resulting interactions with healthcare providers. BackgroundClient‐on‐worker violence remains a problem globally. Workplace violence risk factors have been documented. A gap remans in understanding what has happened to clients that perpetrate violence, and

Personal risk factors associated with burnout among psychotherapists: A systematic review of the literature [2018]

1 Objectives Emotionally taxing job demands place psychotherapists at risk for burnout, often to the detriment of the therapist, clients, and the profession of psychotherapy (Maslach, 2007). The aim of the present systematic review was to (a) explore the levels of both burnout and job stress in psychotherapists, (b) identify

The Experiences of Registered Nurses Who are Injured by Interpersonal Violence While on Duty in an Emergency Department [2016]

A successful career as an emergency department registered nurse (RN) requires the ability to respond quickly to a wide variety of potentially life-threatening illnesses and injuries. The unpredictable nature of this work can evoke emotional and physical stress on the RN beyond that which might be experienced by nurses who

PTSD, Acute Stress, Performance and Decision-Making in Emergency Service Workers [2017]

Despite research identifying high levels of stress and traumatic stress symptoms among those in the emergency services, the impact of these symptoms on performance and hence public safety remains uncertain. This review paper discusses a program of research that has examined the effects of prior critical incident exposure, acute stress,

Correlates of burnout among professionals working with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities [2018]

Background Although burnout has been recognised as an important stress‐related problem among staff working with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), literature on the subject is limited yet emerging. The aim of this study is twofold: (1) to evaluate the level of burnout within different professions working with IDD;

Psychosocial Risk Factors, Burnout and Hardy Personality as Variables Associated With Mental Health in Police Officers [2018]

Among the variables associated with occupational stress, two of the most studied are the adverse perceptions of psychosocial risk factors in the workplace and burnout. With the rise of positive psychology, other variables of the individual type, such as hardy personality have also been the subject of study. No studies

Burnout symptoms in forensic psychiatric nurses and their associations with personality, emotional intelligence, and client aggression: a cross sectional study [2018]

Introduction Aggressive behaviour of forensic clients is associated with burnout symptoms in nursing staff. The role of staff characteristics as moderators is unclear. Aim We explored the association of type and severity of aggressive behaviour as experienced by nursing staff and staff’s burnout symptoms. In addition, the moderating roles of

Is the amount of exposure to aggressive challenging behaviour related to staff work-related well-being in intellectual disability services? Evidence from a clustered research design [2018]

Highlights• There was little relationship between exposure to aggressive CB and staff well-being. • Clustering was evident for emotional exhaustion and positive work motivation. • Comparisons between staff who work in settings with and without aggressive CB are needed. Abstract Background Previous research has demonstrated an association between aggressive challenging behaviour (CB) and

Hidden trauma victims: Understanding and preventing traumatic stress in mental health professionals [2017]

Mental health professionals, including social workers, are often exposed to the traumatic experiences of clients in their work with victims of violence, crime, and disaster. Given their empathetic engagement with traumatized victims, they may experience severe emotional reactions such as terror, grief, and rage. Empirical evidence identifies these emotional reactions

The effects of resilience and turnover intention on nurses’ burnout: Findings from a comparative cross‐sectional study [2018]

Aims and objectives To investigate burnout among nurses from Australia and China and explore the effects of resilience and turnover intention on nurse burnout between the two countries. Background Nursing shortages and burnout have become serious problems worldwide in recent years. In both developed and developing countries, such as Australia

Empathy and feelings of guilt experienced by nurses: A cross-sectional study of their role in burnout and compassion fatigue symptoms [2017]

Aims The main goal of this study was to explore the relationships between empathy, empathy-based pathogenic guilt and professional quality of life (burnout and compassion fatigue). We aim to test a model in which we hypothesize that when empathic feelings are related to pathogenic guilt, burnout and compassion fatigue symptoms

Emergency Medical Service Personnel’s Risk From Violence While Serving the Community [2017]

Objectives. To determine the risks of violence-related injury among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in the United States. Methods. We analyzed 1630 violence-related occupational injury cases reported to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for the years 2012 to 2015 and conducted secondary searches within the Bureau of Labor Statistics

Staff support procedures in a low-secure forensic service [2018]

Purpose Staff working in forensic inpatient settings are at increased risk of harm perpetrated by patients. Support offered in response to such incidents can have a significant impact on how staff recover. The purpose of this paper is to explore how staff support procedures implemented in one low-secure forensic service

Efficacy of exposure-based cognitive behaviour therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder in emergency service personnel: a randomised clinical trial [2018]

Background Although emergency service personnel experience markedly elevated the rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there are no rigorously conducted trials for PTSD in this population. This study assessed the efficacy of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for PTSD in emergency service personnel, and examined if brief exposure (CBT-B) to trauma

Burnout symptoms in forensic mental health nurses: Results from a longitudinal study [2018]

Burnout in nursing staff is a major cause for turnover and absenteeism. Identifying risk and protective factors may be helpful in decreasing burnout symptoms. Moreover, research indicates that ambulatory assessments of the autonomic nervous system might be helpful in detecting long‐term stress and burnout symptoms. One hundred and ten forensic

Why is change a challenge in acute mental health wards? A cross‐sectional investigation of the relationships between burnout, occupational status and nurses’ perceptions of barriers to change [2018]

Changes in UK psychiatric wards have been difficult to implement. Specific areas of nursing staff resistance remain unclear. Previous healthcare research suggests that burnout is common and that managers’ regard changes more positively than direct care staff. We will therefore examine whether burnout and workforce characteristics influence psychiatric nurses’ perceptions

Violence committed against nursing staff by patients in psychiatric outpatient settings [2018]

Violence against nurses has increased particularly in psychiatric outpatient settings as psychiatric care shifts from being inpatient‐based to being outpatient‐based. Violence is a complex phenomenon that must be explored in different psychiatric nursing environments and settings. Violence in psychiatric outpatient settings should especially be explored as violence in this context

Security interventions for workplace violence in the emergency department [2018]

Objectives Despite a policy of zero tolerance towards workplace violence (WPV) in Australian public hospital EDs, the incidence of WPV continues to increase. The aim of this study was to characterise security responses to WPV within an adult level 4 ED. Methods A retrospective single‐centre review of episodes of WPV