Security interventions for workplace violence in the emergency department [2018]

Objectives Despite a policy of zero tolerance towards workplace violence (WPV) in Australian public hospital EDs, the incidence of WPV continues to increase. The aim of this study was to characterise security responses to WPV within an adult level 4 ED. Methods A retrospective single‐centre review of episodes of WPV

Probation/Parole Officer Psychological Well-Being: the Impact of Supervising Persons with Mental Health Needs [2018]

Although supervising persons with mental illness can pose special challenges for community parole/probation officers (PPOs), few studies have investigated whether the number of supervisees on an officer’s caseload increases risk for poor mental health for PPOs and whether this link is due to emotional exhaustion. Using statewide survey data from

Generating a Core Set of Outcomes for Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs [2018]

Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) engage individuals who have experienced violent victimization in postmedical care programming, with the goal of reducing the incidence and impact of future injuries. Although there is some empirical support for HVIPs’ impact on violence and crime-related outcomes, proper impact assessment is limited by a lack

Who supports the psychiatric nurse? A qualitative study of the social supports that affect how psychiatric nurses cope with workplace risks and stressors [2018]

The study focuses on how registered psychiatric nurses in a high-dependency unit in Ireland utilise informal and formal supports to cope with risk and trauma in the workplace, including threats of physical violence and verbal abuse. Increasingly, research and policy acknowledge that risk management and emotional trauma affect the workplace

My Husband’s Suicide: Recognizing Predictors of Police Suicide [2018-08-03]

Last year, more law enforcement officers died from suicide than in the line-of-duty. Sadly, suicide rates are thought to be much higher than reported—it’s widely accepted that police suicide is woefully under-reported, especially when counting those—like my husband—who commit suicide after retiring. My husband, David Colegrove, was a law enforcement

Dispositional Mindfulness Moderates the Relationship Between Occupational Stressors and Perceived Stress Among Law Enforcement Personnel [2018]

Law enforcement personnel (LEPs) experience occupational stressors that can result in poor health outcomes and have a negative impact on the communities they serve. Dispositional mindfulness, or receptive awareness and attention to present moment experience, has been shown to negatively predict perceived stress and to moderate the relationship between stressors

Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts among public safety personnel in Canada [2018]

Substantial media attention has focused on suicide among Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police). The attention has raised significant concerns about the mental health impact of public safety service, as well as interest in the correlates for risk of suicide. There have only been

Strengthening mental health nurses’ resilience through a workplace resilience programme: A qualitative inquiry [2018]

Accessible summaryWhat is known on the subject? Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice‐related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well‐being.Resilience programmes are a strength‐based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. What the paper adds to

Prison employment and post‐traumatic stress disorder: Risk and protective factors [2018]

Objectives To examine the prevalence of Post‐Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a sample of prison employees, investigate risk factors, and explore protective factors for PTSD. Methods We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the PTSD checklist for the DSM‐5 (PCL‐5), the Critical Incident History Questionnaire,

Conceptualization, Assessment, and Treatment of Traumatic Stress in First Responders: A Review of Critical Issues [2018]

First responders are regularly confronted with exposure to traumatic events, including potentially life-threatening situations as well as the grave injuries and deaths of colleagues and civilians. Evidence indicates that the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is substantially higher among first responders than the general population. This article provides information

The Loss of a Sense of Control as a Major Contributor to Physician Burnout: A Neuropsychiatric Pathway to Prevention and Recovery [2018]

Burnout has become a major concern in health care. Multiple surveys have documented the alarming percentage of physicians experiencing the symptoms and signs of burnout. The consequences of burnout have been well described, and include increased medical errors, unprofessional conduct, reduced patient satisfaction, stress-related health problems, drug addiction, depression, suicidal

Degree of Anger During Anger-Generating Situations Among Psychiatric Staff Nurses: Association Between Nurses’ Attitudes Toward Service Users’ Aggression and Confidence in Intervening in Aggressive Situations [2018]

Some situations require psychiatric staff nurses to respond to service users’ negativity or aggression. As a result, psychiatric staff nurses may experience anger. The current study examined how anger levels of psychiatric staff nurses triggered by anger-generating situations by service users affected nurses’ confidence and attitudes. A questionnaire survey was

Strengthening mental health nurses’ resilience through a workplace resilience programme: A qualitative inquiry [2018]

Accessible summary What is known on the subject? Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice‐related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well‐being. Resilience programmes are a strength‐based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. What the paper

First responder mental healthcare: Evidence-based prevention, postvention, and treatment [2018]

Recent national tragedies of hurricanes, mass shootings, gun violence in schools, wild fires, and mudslides have drawn our attention to the trauma of affected individuals and schoolchildren, but less to the stressors of first responders. While commonly regaled as “heroes,” responders face a scarcity of systemic and tailored mental health

Work–Life and Well-Being in U.K. Therapeutic Prison Officers: A Thematic Analysis [2018]

Previous research has clearly demonstrated the positive impact of therapeutic interventions on offenders’ well-being. Much less is known about the impact on prison staff facilitating and delivering such interventions. We employed qualitative methodology to capture a deeper understanding of the work of therapeutic prison officers. Seven prison officers working in

Emotional Labour of Caregivers Confronted With Aggressive Brain-injured Patients – 2018

Highlights • Emotional labour of caregivers who take care of aggressive brain-injured patients is explored. • Emotional labour depends on the supposed “consciousness” of the patient about their aggressive behaviors. • The social representations could constitute knowledge for dealing with situations and impacting their emotional regulation. • Suppressing emotions in

Cross-sectional study on nurses’ attitudes regarding coercive measures: the importance of socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and strategies for coping with stress – 2018

Background Coercive measures are containment methods used in psychiatry to curb patients’ disruptive and aggressive behaviours towards themselves, others or objects. The prevalence of the practice of coercive measures in psychiatry is directly related to the attitudes of the staff. When discussing these attitudes, nurses are often particularly singled out.

“Risk It Out, Risk It Out”: Occupational and Organizational Stresses in Rural Policing – 2018

In rural areas, police experience unique work-related health and safety risks attributable to a multitude of factors, ranging from inaccessible backup to navigating inclement weather alongside geographic obstacles. Although the result of institutional and organizational structures, operational (job content) and organizational (job context) risk must be recontextualized in the rural

The relationship between intention to leave the hospital and coping methods of emergency nurses after workplace violence – 2017

Aims and objectives To identify the relationship between emergency nurses’ intention to leave the hospital and their coping methods following workplace violence. Background Emergency departments report a high prevalence of workplace violence, with nurses being at particular risk of violence from patients and patients’ relatives. Violence negatively influences nurses’ personal

Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among