Predictors of distress and the protective impact of cultural engagement for Indigenous prisoners [2018]

This study sought to identify the salient factors prompting increased levels of psychological distress for 87 Indigenous people in custody in Victoria, Australia. The protective qualities of cultural engagement in buffering distress were also examined. A series of analyses were employed to determine if selected stressor variables and cultural engagement

The ‘Fit for Life’ exercise programme: improving the physical health of people with a mental illness [2018]

People with a mental illness have very poor physical health parameters when compared to the general population. This paper outlines an exercise programme developed to improve overall fitness and curb weight gain. Seventy-two mental health service inpatients completed the general or individualised gym exercise programme within 12 weeks. Baseline and

Overrepresentation of Indigenous youth in Canada’s Criminal Justice System: Perspectives of Indigenous young people [2018]

The central purpose of this study was to provide a platform for Indigenous young peoples’ opinions regarding the overrepresentation of Indigenous young people in the criminal justice system. Specifically, the study sought (a) their thoughts on broader issues that contribute to the overrepresentation of young people, and (b) strategies on

Childhood socioeconomic position and adult mental wellbeing: Evidence from four British birth cohort studies [2017]

Background There is much evidence showing that childhood socioeconomic position is associated with physical health in adulthood; however existing evidence on how early life disadvantage is associated with adult mental wellbeing is inconsistent. This paper investigated whether childhood socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with adult mental wellbeing and to what

Prisoners’ Personal Networks in the Months Preceding Prison: A Descriptive Portrayal [2018]

This study examined personal networks of adult male prisoners (N = 250) during a high-risk period prior to their incarceration. We present a descriptive portrait of network size, density, and relational type, and we then document the nature of ties within that network, focusing specifically on alters’ criminal involvement, criminal

The relationship between greenspace and the mental wellbeing of adults: A systematic review [2018]

Introduction The view that interacting with nature enhances mental wellbeing is commonplace, despite a dearth of evidence or even agreed definitions of ‘nature’. The aim of this review was to systematically appraise the evidence for associations between greenspace and mental wellbeing, stratified by the different ways in which greenspace has

Financial insecurity and risk experiences of justice involved persons with severe mental illness [2017]

More information is needed about the financial experiences of justice-involved persons with severe mental illness. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to examine the financial resources, financial risk experiences, and financial literacy of a random sample of 12 mental health court participants. Mental health court participants had limited financial resources,

Financial concerns and symptom distress among psychiatric outpatients [2018]

Purpose While epidemiological studies have linked economic hardship and financial difficulties with psychological distress and suicide, investigation of financial concerns among users of public mental health services has been limited. Moreover, empirical data regarding a relationship between financial difficulties and mental health symptoms are lacking. The purpose of this paper

Violence towards people with mental illness: Assessment, risk factors, and management [2018]

Aim Violence is an important problem for clinicians, for public health, and for victims. Aside from greater risk of perpetrating violence, people with mental illness are also more commonly victimized than the general population. However, guidance on the assessment and management of violent victimization in clinical settings is limited. Methods

Helping people with mental health disabilities access ODSP: An expert report on the complexity of mental health treatment in Ontario [2018]

People with mental health disabilities face particular barriers in accessing Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) benefits. A new report by a group of medical experts from University of Toronto’s Collaborative Mental Health Care Working Group will help applicants establish their eligibility for ODSP benefits. To qualify as a person with

Determinants of self-reported mental health and utilization of mental health services in Canada [2017]

Research evidence suggests that the prevalence of mental health conditions in Canada has increased while a considerable percentage of people with a mental health issue do not seek professional mental health services. Weighted logistic regression models were used to determine whether age, sex, income, and education predict the self-reported mental

Food Insecurity and Mental Health Status: A Global Analysis of 149 Countries [2017]

Introduction This study sought to determine the association of individual-level food insecurity (FI) with mental health status across all global regions. Methods Cross-sectional data were analyzed in 2016 from the 2014 Gallup World Poll, a series of globally implemented, nationally representative surveys. FI was assessed using the Food Insecurity Experience

The consequences of patient charges for prescription drugs in Canada: a cross-sectional survey [2018]

Background: Many Canadians face substantial out-of-pocket charges for prescription drugs. Prior work suggests that this causes some patients to not take their medications as prescribed; however, we have little understanding of whether charges for prescription medicines lead patients to forego basic needs or to use more health care services. Our

Examining All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality among Former Prisoners in Pennsylvania [2018]

Former prisoners have a higher than expected risk of death following release from incarceration. However, little is known about the specific risk factors for post-release mortality among former prisoners. The current study uses a unique set of measures obtained from administrative records from Pennsylvania to examine demographic, custodial, behavioral, and

‘The right thing to do’: Fostering social inclusion for mental health service users through acts of citizenship [2018]

The theoretical framework of citizenship is increasingly being used in mental health settings to inform practice. This exploratory qualitative study describes in more detail the acts of citizenship embedded in the everyday practices of mental health workers that promote the social inclusion of people in their care. Acts make a