From Social Integration to Social Isolation: The Relationship Between Social Network Types and Perceived Availability of Social Support in a National Sample of Older Canadians [2017]

It is well-documented that social isolation is detrimental to health and well-being. What is less clear is what types of social networks allow older adults to get the social support they need to promote health and well-being. In this study, we identified social network types in a national sample of

Poverty matters: Cannabis use among people with serious mental illness: Findings from the United States survey on drug use and health, 2015 [2018]

Background: Little is known about the influence of contextual characteristics on comorbid substance use and serious mental illness (SMI). Aims: To explore the role of poverty on comorbid SMI and cannabis use. Methods: We used data from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, considering those in poverty,

Structural justice and nursing: Inpatient nurses’ obligation to address social justice needs of patients [2018]

As inpatient nurses spend the majority of their work time caring for patients at the bedside, they are often firsthand witnesses to the devastating outcomes of inadequate preventive healthcare and structural injustices within current social systems. This experience should obligate inpatient nurses to be involved in meeting the social justice

Violent victimization of Canadians with mental health-related disabilities, 2014 [2018]

Violent victimization more prevalent among people with mental health-related disabilities People with mental health-related disabilities experience more repeat violence, more violence at the hands of someone they know, and live with more known risk factors for violent victimization than the general population. Findings from the General Social Survey (GSS 2014)

Deterioration of Postincarceration Social Support for Emerging Adults [2017]

More than 2.5 million emerging adults (ages 18-25) are incarcerated annually and most do poorly after release. Social support after an individual’s release from incarceration is a critical protective factor against recidivism for emerging adults. However, little is known about the stability of support for emerging adults post incarceration. This

The Childhood to Prison Pipeline: Early Childhood Trauma as Reported by a Prison Population [2018]

This study explored the degree and type of childhood trauma experienced before the age of 18 years reported by prison inmates. The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) instrument was administered to 328 incarcerated and/or recently released individuals. Participants included women, males convicted of sex offenses, and males convicted of low-risk crimes.

Social inclusion and relationship satisfaction of patients with a severe mental illness [2017]

Background: Research suggests that patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) are among the most social excluded in society. However, comparisons of social network composition and relationship satisfaction between SMI patients and a control group are rare. Aims: Our aim was to compare differences in size, satisfaction and composition of

Social network, recovery attitudes and internal stigma among those with serious mental illness [2017]

Background: Social network size and strength is an important determinant of overall health. Aims: This study describes the extent and strength of the social network among a sample of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and explores the relationship between an individual’s social network and their experience of internal stigma

Disparities in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders: Does Where You Live Matter? [2018]

This study focused on (1) whether disparities in timely receipt of substance use services can be explained in part by the characteristics of the community in which the clients reside and (2) whether the effect of community characteristics on timely receipt of services was similar across racial/ethnic groups. The sample

Predictors of distress and the protective impact of cultural engagement for Indigenous prisoners [2018]

This study sought to identify the salient factors prompting increased levels of psychological distress for 87 Indigenous people in custody in Victoria, Australia. The protective qualities of cultural engagement in buffering distress were also examined. A series of analyses were employed to determine if selected stressor variables and cultural engagement

The ‘Fit for Life’ exercise programme: improving the physical health of people with a mental illness [2018]

People with a mental illness have very poor physical health parameters when compared to the general population. This paper outlines an exercise programme developed to improve overall fitness and curb weight gain. Seventy-two mental health service inpatients completed the general or individualised gym exercise programme within 12 weeks. Baseline and

Overrepresentation of Indigenous youth in Canada’s Criminal Justice System: Perspectives of Indigenous young people [2018]

The central purpose of this study was to provide a platform for Indigenous young peoples’ opinions regarding the overrepresentation of Indigenous young people in the criminal justice system. Specifically, the study sought (a) their thoughts on broader issues that contribute to the overrepresentation of young people, and (b) strategies on

Childhood socioeconomic position and adult mental wellbeing: Evidence from four British birth cohort studies [2017]

Background There is much evidence showing that childhood socioeconomic position is associated with physical health in adulthood; however existing evidence on how early life disadvantage is associated with adult mental wellbeing is inconsistent. This paper investigated whether childhood socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with adult mental wellbeing and to what

Prisoners’ Personal Networks in the Months Preceding Prison: A Descriptive Portrayal [2018]

This study examined personal networks of adult male prisoners (N = 250) during a high-risk period prior to their incarceration. We present a descriptive portrait of network size, density, and relational type, and we then document the nature of ties within that network, focusing specifically on alters’ criminal involvement, criminal