Poverty matters: Cannabis use among people with serious mental illness: Findings from the United States survey on drug use and health, 2015 [2018]

Background: Little is known about the influence of contextual characteristics on comorbid substance use and serious mental illness (SMI). Aims: To explore the role of poverty on comorbid SMI and cannabis use. Methods: We used data from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, considering those in poverty,

Can a Connection to Culture Reduce Mental Illness Symptoms and Risk for Future Violence? [2018]

Recent policy initiatives and service provider strategic frameworks from the state of Victoria have highlighted intentions to invest in culturally safe practices for justice‐involved Indigenous individuals. However, the culturally themed frameworks and protocols presented by health and justice organisations appear to be largely underpinned by theoretical and/or anecdotal evidence. This

Health Behaviors and Juvenile Delinquency [2018]

This study draws upon Kaplan’s theory of self-attitude and deviant response to examine the relationship between health behavior and juvenile delinquency. The analysis, examining data from the Monitoring the Future 2013 study, shows that health behavior is associated with multiple forms of delinquency even after accounting for illness, as well

Factors associated with health service utilisation for common mental disorders: a systematic review [2018]

Background There is a large treatment gap for common mental disorders (CMD), with wide variation by world region. This review identifies factors associated with formal health service utilisation for CMD in the general adult population, and compares evidence from high-income countries (HIC) with that from low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC). Methods We

Low-Income Housing and Crime: The Influence of Housing Development and Neighborhood Characteristics [2018]

This study examines the distribution of crime across various types of low-income housing developments and estimates the main and interactive effects of housing development and neighborhood characteristics on crime. Negative binomial regression models were estimated to observe the influence of security and design features, neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, residential stability, and

In spite of the system: A qualitatively-driven mixed methods analysis of the mental health services experiences of LGBTQ people living in poverty in Ontario, Canada [2018]

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and/or queer (LGBTQ) people face barriers to accessing mental health care; however, we know little about service experiences of low income LGBTQ people. In this qualitatively-driven mixed methods study, over 700 women and/or trans people completed an internet survey, of whom 12 LGBTQ individuals living in

Mortality in schizophrenia: 30‐year nationwide follow‐up study [2018]

Objective Recent reports suggest that the mortality gap between persons with schizophrenia and the general population is increasing. We investigated the mortality, age at death, and causes of death among persons diagnosed with schizophrenia and the general population in Finland during 1984–2014. Methods All persons with schizophrenia in Finland were

The Relation between Food Insecurity and Mental Health Care Service Utilization in Ontario [2018]

Objective: To determine the relationship between household food insecurity status over a 12-month period and adults’ use of publicly funded health care services in Ontario for mental health reasons during this period. Methods: Data for 80,942 Ontario residents, 18 to 64 years old, who participated in the Canadian Community Health

Applying a prevention framework to address homelessness as a population health issue [2018]

This paper presents a population health framework for homelessness prevention. Rooted in the Los Angeles County Homeless Initiative, the framework includes strategies that affect social determinants of health that influence a broad range of health outcomes prevalent among the homeless. For each prevention level, we consider the purpose of prevention,

Social determinants of health in the Human Services: a conceptual model and road map for action [2018]

The Social Determinants of Health Framework is well known as a reliable way to understand and predict poor health outcomes and health inequities among individuals who are disproportionately impacted by poverty, discrimination, residential segregation, and other social problems. Since becoming recognized by the public health profession as key to addressing

Projective Technique Reveals Unconscious Attitudes about Poverty in Canada [2018]

Canada has been challenged in attempts to reduce and eliminate poverty. In this study, the authors used a projective technique to assess attitudes about people living in poverty (113 young adults, average age 21) living in southwestern Ontario. Five themes emerged from Thematic Apperception Test responses: (1) negative assumptions about

Social support and mental health during recovery from drug and alcohol problems [2018]

Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between support provided from friends, family or broader network connections and Keyes’ (2007) conceptualisation of complete mental health. Method: Participants were 1815 individuals (70% male) who entered residential substance abuse treatment provided by The Salvation Army. Questionnaires were completed by participants

The influence of sense of community on the relationship between community participation and mental health for individuals with serious mental illnesses [2018]

The goal of the current study is to better understand the association between community participation and mental health by investigating sense of community as a potential mediating factor between community participation, psychological distress, and mental health functioning. A survey was administered to 300 adults with serious mental illnesses using community

Experience of Child–Parent Separation and Later Risk of Violent Criminality [2018]

Introduction Separation from a parent during childhood has been linked with heightened longer-term violence risk, but it remains unclear how this relationship varies by gender, separation subgroup, and age at separation. This phenomenon was investigated by examining a wide array of child–parent separation scenarios. Methods National cohort study including individuals

Risk of Being Subjected to Crime, Including Violent Crime, After Onset of Mental Illness: A Danish National Registry Study Using Police Data [2018]

Key Points Question What is the incidence of police-reported experiences of being subjected to crime, including violent crime, after onset of mental illness, and do persons with specific mental disorders have increased risk of being subjected to crime compared with those without mental illness? Findings In this national cohort study

Mental Health Consultation Among Ontario’s Immigrant Populations [2018]

To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario’s adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined

The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self‐rated health among prison detainees in Belgium [2018]

Prisoners are known to report worse health than the general population. Research has also shown that the prison population counts disproportionally more people with a lower socioeconomic status (SES), making it difficult to determine whether the worse self‐reported health of prisoners is an effect of their detention or of their

Criminal history and social disadvantage as predictors of the severity of violent offending – 2018

Lethal violence is often seen as the tip of the iceberg and homicide perpetrators are seen as manifesting the most extreme number of various risk factors. This article explores whether that is the case. Using a unique data set combining data from several administrative registers with a nationally representative sample