The Effect of Housing First on Housing Stability for People with Mental Illness and Low Intellectual Functioning [2018]

Objective: Housing First (HF) has been linked to increased tenure in housing for homeless people with mental illness, but the effect of HF on housing stability for people with borderline or lower intellectual functioning has not been examined. This study of homeless adults with mental illness in Toronto, Ontario assessed

Long-Term Care Service Trajectories and Their Predictors for Persons Living With Dementia: Results From a Canadian Study [2018]

Objective: We used latent transition analysis to explore common long-term care (LTC) service trajectories and their predictors for older adults with dementia. Method: Using linked administrative data collected over a 4-year interval (2008-2011), the study sample included 3,541 older persons with dementia who were clients of publicly funded LTC in

A Behavioral Genetic Analysis of the Cooccurrence Between Psychopathic Personality Traits and Criminal Behavior [2018]

A developed line of research has found that psychopathic personality traits and criminal behavior are correlated with one another. Although there is little question about the association between psychopathic personality traits and criminal behavior, what remains less clear is whether psychopathic traits exert a direct effect on criminal behavior. An

The influence of parenting practices and neighborhood characteristics on the development of childhood aggression [2018]

The present study examined the way in which neighborhood impoverishment, neighborhood social processes, and parenting practices relate to the development of aggressive behavior among children aged 6–8 years raised in low‐income neighborhoods. A total of 424 children (male = 207, female = 217) and their families participated in the study.

A communication skills intervention to minimise patient perpetrated aggression for healthcare support workers in New Zealand: A cluster randomised controlled trial [2018]

Healthcare support workers face challenging situations in their day‐to‐day work but may have minimal training on how to deal with such incidents. Although staff training is often recommended as an essential part of any comprehensive approach for preventing and managing workplace violence, there is paucity of evidence on the content

The role of emotion regulation, coping, self‐reflection, and insight in staff interaction with patients with a diagnosis of personality disorder in forensic settings [2018]

Introduction Research is lacking on what determines interaction between staff and patients with a diagnosis of personality disorder in forensic settings. Aim Test whether coping, self‐reflection, insight and emotion regulation are related to the behaviour of staff towards these patients, and test the possible moderating and mediating effect of emotion

Ward Climate in a High-Secure Forensic Psychiatric Setting: Comparing Two Instruments [2018]

The psychometric properties and associations between the Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) and the Group Climate Instrument-revised (GCI-r) were examined. These self-report questionnaires assessing ward climate were filled out by 123 male patients, residing in 3 high-secure forensic psychiatric facilities. Good internal consistency was found for all subscales of both

Forensic Inpatients with Low IQ and Psychiatric Comorbidities: Specificity and Heterogeneity of Psychiatric and Social Profiles

While the prevalence of mental disorders in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is well documented, there is less specific literature in the forensic domain. This study sought to clarify the psychiatric and criminological characteristics among Belgian French-speaker forensic inpatients with low IQ and mental health illnesses. To this end, we

Drug counselling behind the prison wall: staff responses to collaborative challenges [2018]

In the last decade, 13 Drug Counselling Units (DCUs) have been established in Norwegian prisons. These units are to offer prisoners with substance use problems coordinated treatment and rehabilitation so they can better cope with their problems during imprisonment and after release. Key means in achieving these goals are to

Impact of client suicide on social workers and counselors [2018]

Recent studies on the impact of client suicide on mental health professionals focus on psychiatrists and psychologists, while,in the current mental health system in our country, most clients receive services from other clinicians. This research focuses on the impact of client suicide on social workers and counselors as well as

Engaging Integrated Health Teams to Decrease the Risk of Controlled Substance Use for Individuals With Serious Mental Illness [2018]

The United States is facing an opioid epidemic that is virulent in its lethality and includes morbidity and mortality related to prescription opioids. Overuse of another class of drugs— benzodiazepines—has received less media attention, but also poses the threat of tolerance, dependence, and death, especially in combination with opioids or

Utilization of opioid agonist therapy among incarcerated persons with opioid use disorder in Vancouver, Canada [2018]

Highlights•Utilization of opioid agonist therapy (OAT) in correctional settings in Vancouver remains low. •Most utilizing OAT were continuations rather than new initiations on the medication. •Utilizing OAT was negatively associated with overdose if continued on release. Abstract Background Inability to access opioid agonist therapy (OAT) in correctional settings has previously

Parents’ experiences of services addressing parenting of children considered at-risk for future antisocial and criminal behaviour: A qualitative longitudinal study [2018]

Highlights•Changing parenting is focus when services see families of conduct disordered children. •This can be helpful when trusting relationships with service providers develop. •Family functioning can improve when parents change attitudes to the child’s behaviour. •Parents find implementing consistent behaviour management helps. •Much intervention does not help but is seen

“They’re just made up different”: Juvenile correctional staff perceptions of incarcerated boys and girls [2018]

Highlights•Juvenile correctional staff characterize incarcerated boys and girls differently. •Boys were described as reticent to open up while girls were seen as eager to talk. •Unlike boys, staff felt girls actively engaged with and sought attention from them. •Girls were viewed as responding more forcefully to conflicts with staff than

The association between out-of-home placement and offending behavior among maltreated youth: A systematic review [2018]

Highlights•A systematic review was conducted on the role of out-of-home placement between child maltreatment and offending behavior. •No consistent evidence was found for significant difference in offending behavior among maltreated youth who received in-home and out-of-home care. •More restricted settings, a higher number of placements, and placement at a later

Patterns of mortality among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Ontario [2018]

Objectives To determine recent mortality rates among Ontarian adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) and investigate changes over time in contrast to the general population. To determine the most commonly reported underlying causes of death and explore related coding practices. Methods Using linked health administrative data, four cohorts of

Residential moves and its association with substance use, healthcare needs, and acute care use among homeless and vulnerably housed persons in Canada [2018]

Objectives To determine the relationship between housing instability, as measured by the number of residential moves, with problematic substance use, unmet healthcare needs, and acute care utilization. Methods A cohort of homeless or vulnerably housed persons from Vancouver (n = 387), Toronto (n = 390), and Ottawa (n = 396) completed interviewer-administered surveys at baseline and

Staff Approaches to Facilitating Neighborhood Connections Among Individuals with Serious Mental Illness Living in Shared Community-Based Housing [2018]

Community inclusion is a goal of shared, staff supervised community-based housing for individuals with a psychiatric diagnosis, and neighborhood connections are one aspect of local social interactions. Mental health housing staff are potential facilitators of such connections, but little is known about their approaches in furthering engagement with neighbors. This

Supporting Family Caregivers of People Living With Mental Health, Addiction, and Other Issues: Narrative Review of Canadian and International Intervention Studies [2018]

Providing care for family member with mental health issues can negatively impact one’s wellbeing. Interventions to support family caregivers have the potential to reduce stress and depressive symptoms, and to improve overall wellbeing. We reviewed recent studies on innovative and promising interventions for caregivers. While no single intervention proved most