Psychosocial approaches for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings: a rapid review – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify the psychosocial approaches that have been studied and for which positive outcomes have been reported for individuals with schizophrenia in correctional and forensic psychiatric settings. Design/methodology/approach A rapid review of the literature was undertaken. A search was conducted on MEDLINE and

Mentoring trainee psychologists: learning from lived experience – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine service-users’ experiences of mentoring trainee clinical psychologists as part of an involvement initiative on a doctoral training course. Design/methodology/approach Seven service-users were paired with trainee clinical psychologists. Pairs met for one hour monthly over six months. Meetings were unstructured, lacked a

Fusion legislation and forensic psychiatry: the criminal justice provisions of the Mental Capacity Act (Northern Ireland) 2016 – 2018

Fusion legislation is the latest in a long line of reforms in mental health law that have sought to increase patient autonomy. It has not been without controversy, having been proposed and rejected in various jurisdictions throughout the UK and internationally, while causing considerable debate in the academic literature. This

Understanding the link between exposure to violence and aggression in justice-involved adolescents – 2018

The current study advanced research on the link between community violence exposure and aggression by comparing the effects of violence exposure on different functions of aggression and by testing four potential (i.e., callous–unemotional traits, consideration of others, impulse control, and anxiety) mediators of this relationship. Analyses were conducted in an

Understanding engagement in the Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) from the perspectives of individuals receiving treatment – 2018

Engagement of individuals with serious mental illnesses in community mental health services is a significant challenge. The Program of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) is an individual-centered and self-contained mental health program that provides psychiatric treatment, rehabilitation, and support services to persons with serious mental illness who have a history of

Participants’ views on the strengths and limitations of drug court: Recommendations to enhance assessment and treatment of mental illnesses – 2018

Since 1989, drug courts have provided an alternative to incarceration for arrestees who have a substance use disorder. Previous research has suggested that participants who graduate from the program are less likely to recidivate than those who are terminated from the program. The majority of research on drug courts is

Associations between posttraumatic stress and legal charges among substance using veterans – 2018

Substance misuse is prevalent among veterans entering the criminal justice system, and is related to recidivism. Research demonstrates that trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, which commonly co-occur with substance misuse, also increase the risk of legal involvement and recidivism. However, it is unclear whether the associations between trauma,

What Clinicians Say About the Experience of Working With Individuals on Community Treatment Orders – 2018

Objective: Community treatment orders (CTOs) refer to a variety of legal schemes that require a person with a serious mental illness to follow a plan of treatment and supervision while living in the community. Use of CTOs has been controversial, and they have been the subject of a considerable amount

Examining Factors Associated With Program Completion Among Women Participants in a Statewide Drug Court Program – 2018

The study purpose was to examine factors affecting women in completing drug court. Participants were 212 women drug court participants selected via stratified random sampling (by county) from the larger Kentucky Drug Court participant population. Various secondary data sources were used (e.g., participant assessment, Management Information System), and multivariate logistic

Satisfaction with primary and specialized mental health care among patients with mental disorders – 2018

The purpose of this article is to assess the satisfaction of patients who received primary or specialized mental health care, and to identify variables associated with each level of care. This cross-sectional study included 325 patients with mental disorders (MDs). We used a conceptual framework based on Andersen’s behavioral model,

Recording routine forensic mental health evaluations should be a standard of practice in the 21st century – 2018

The standard of practice for forensic interviews in criminal and delinquency cases, other than those conducted as part of brief preliminary screening evaluations or in emergency situations, should include a digital recording requirement. This standard should be adopted because of the greater availability of, and familiarity with, recording technology on

Culturally Competent Commissioning; Meeting the Needs of Canada’s Diverse Communities: The Road Map to a Culturally Competent Mental Health System for All – 2018

Cultural competence has proven to be a very efficient tool in reducing healthcare disparities and improving healthcare experiences, compliance with therapy, and reducing incidents of misdiagnosis. This effect is because professionals are recognizing the value and significance of including the person in need of services in their assessment and decision

The Implementation of the 2012 Mental Health Strategy for Canada Through the Lens of FASD – 2018

It is the current authors’ perspective that the successful implementation of Changing Directions, Changing Lives, which seeks to improve mental health and well-being in Canada, cannot be realized effectively without considering FASD. Given that 94% of individuals with FASD also have mental disorders, practitioners in the mental health system are

Mental Health Among Incarcerated Women: An Examination of Factors Impacting Depression and PTSD Symptomology – 2018

Female offenders experience mental health symptoms at a higher rate than male offenders and females in the community. The current study investigated individual characteristics and experiences that may impact symptoms of depressive disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of female inmates in a large Southern prison system.

Housing versus treatment first for supportive housing participants with substance use disorders: A comparison of housing and public service use outcomes – 2018

Background: Homeless persons with substance use disorders (SUD) have high disease risk, poor access to health care, and are frequent users of Medicaid and other social services. Low-demand supportive housing with no prerequisites for treatment or sobriety has been shown to improve housing stability and decrease public service use for

Correlates of Treatment Retention Among Persons with Serious Mental Illness Receiving Integrated Care in a Community Mental Health Setting – 2018

Knowledge about methods to retain community mental health (CMH) clients in integrated primary and behavioral health care (PBHC) programs is needed to address longstanding health disparities. A preexisting data set that contained the clinical records of 446 PBHC program participants was used to examine whether baseline sociodemographic, health, and psychosocial