As the epidemic of opioid use in the United States continues to shift from prescription opioids to illicit drugs, more people living with opioid use disorder are encountering the criminal justice system. Most US correctional facilities do not continue or initiate medications for addiction treatment (MAT). This is especially unfortunate given the higher rates of opioid overdose immediately after release from incarceration.

Traci C. Green, PhD, MSc; Jennifer Clarke, MD; Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, PhD; Brandon D. L. Marshall, PhD; Nicole Alexander-Scott, MD, MPH; Rebecca Boss, MA; Josiah D. Rich, MD, MPH
JAMA Psychiatry, February 14, 2018