Special Section: Current Topics in Corrections – Read More



‘The right way to be a woman’: Negotiating femininity in a prison-based drug treatment programme – 2017-12-22

Drawing from an ethnographic study in a drug treatment wing for women in a Danish prison, the authors explore how femininity is negotiated between prisoners and staff. It is shown how the staff view the prisoners as both passive and disruptive and how the treatment aims to teach them what

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“It’s Not Like Therapy”: Patient-Inmate Perspectives on Jail Psychiatric Services – 2018-03

Jails may serve an important public health function by treating individuals with psychiatric problems. However, scholars debate the service qualities that can best achieve this aim. Some suggest the possibility of comprehensive psychiatric services in jails, while others recommend a narrower focus on basic elements of care (assessments, medication management,

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“Reversing the trend”: The role of mentoring in offender reentry – 2018-01

Faith-based programs are becoming more common in corrections, with most research examining offenders. Little attention has been paid to volunteers who work with offenders within these programs. In this project, 40 mentors who volunteered with a faith-based diversion and reentry program in southwestern Indiana were interviewed. Mentors revealed strong desires

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“The Pill Line Is Longer Than the Chow Line”: The Impact of Incarceration on Prisoners and Their Families – 2018

Incarceration removes individuals from their families and their communities, increasing the potential for disrupted relationships, community fragmentation, and burden on service systems. Based on focus groups with 38 male and 39 female inmates and interviews with 21 family members, this study identifies specific impacts of incarceration on prisoners and their

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A Gender-Responsive Treatment Facility in Correctional Services: The Development of Psychological Gymnasium for Women Offenders – 2016

With increasing evidence suggesting a disparity in female and male offenders in terms of rehabilitative needs, growing concern has been placed on the development of gender-specific services for female offenders. As such, a prison-based psychological gymnasium (PSY GYM), with distinctive features in integrating cognitive-behavioral and positive-psychology concepts to address female

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A More Nordic Norway? Examining Prisons in 21st Century Iceland – 2018

This article seeks to examine the exact status of Iceland in light of the Nordic penal exceptionalism thesis. This thesis considers that punishment in the Nordic countries is fundamentally more benign than that in Anglophone countries (Pratt 2008a, 2008b). Yet from this perspective the remote Nordic country of Iceland remains

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A randomized, open label trial of methadone continuation versus forced withdrawal in a combined US prison and jail: Findings at 12 months post-release – 2018-03

Highlights • MMT during incarceration leads to lower injection drug and heroin use. • MMT during incarceration leads to fewer non-fatal overdoses. • MMT during incarceration leads to higher rates of engagement in treatment. Abstract Recently, incarcerated individuals are at increased risk of opioid overdose. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is

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A Year Without a Conviction: An Integrated Examination of Potential Mechanisms for Successful Reentry in High-Risk Violent Prisoners – 2018

Some high-risk prisoners on parole “beat the odds”: remaining in the community through their first year without incurring even minor reconvictions. What makes the difference? We investigated three potential mechanisms for postrelease survival—lower dynamic risk, greater readiness for parole, and earlier and longer parole oversight—in two samples: 120 men who

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Assessments often miss mental health issues for youth on probation – 2018

An assessment tool used by many jurisdictions within the juvenile justice system that is intended to help recognize the effects of adversity and trauma in children’s lives is not the best means of evaluating mental health problems faced by at-risk youth, according to new study by a University at Buffalo

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Associations between substance use and type of crime in prisoners with substance use problems – a focus on violence and fatal violence – 2018-01-15

Aim: The present study aimed to study the associations between substance use patterns and types of crimes in prisoners with substance use problems, and specifically whether substance use patterns were different in violent offenders. Methods: Interview data of prisoners with substance use problems (N=4,202, mean age 33.5 years, SD 9.8),

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Co-occurring serious mental illnesses and substance use disorders as predictors of assaultive infraction charges among adult male jail inmates – 2017-07

This study used self-report data from 4642 adult male jail inmates to test the hypothesis that inmates with co-occurring serious mental illnesses (SMIs) and substance use disorders (SUDs) (i.e. co-occurring disorders) would report having been officially charged for assaulting staff or inmates more often than inmates without co-occurring disorders. Negative

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Cognitive impairment, self-perceived health and quality of life of older prisoners – 2017

Background There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. Aims Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. Methods A total of 138

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Cognitive-behavioral programming and the value of failed interventions: A propensity score evaluation – 2018-01

Recent scholarship suggests treatment effects from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) based interventions can significantly reduce rates of prison misconduct. However, these findings may overestimate CBT treatment effects due to publication bias towards positive results and limitations of nonexperimental methodologies. This study used propensity score matching (PSM) to evaluate the effectiveness

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Comparing the Validity of Self-Report and Urinalysis for Substance Use Among Former Inmates in the Northeastern United States – 2018-02

Background: Problems with self-reported drug use include difficulties with recall and recognition as well as the desire to respond to questions in a socially desirable manner. Various methods have been developed to improve and/or validate estimates based on direct questioning of individuals regarding their substance use. For this study, we

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Coping Strategies and Posttraumatic Growth in Prison – 2018-01-13

Recent qualitative studies have highlighted posttraumatic growth as a profound change in offenders’ self-perception, relationship qualities, purposes, and meaning in life. We examined coping strategies as possible predictors of posttraumatic growth during incarceration in a sample of 365 prisoners. Coping strategies such as seeking emotional support, religious coping, and searching

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Correctional Officer Risk Perceptions and Professional Orientations: Examining Linkages Between the Two – 2017-09

Prisons managing treatment programs for incarcerated offenders require correctional officers to share favorable dispositions toward prisoners and rehabilitation if they are to function effectively. How officers judge prisoners, rehabilitative practices, and the broader goals of corrections can influence treatment efficiency, as well as offender conduct. For these reasons, it becomes

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Corrections Reform in Ontario

Howard Sapers is the Independent Advisor on Corrections Reform to the Ontario provincial government. Leading the Independent Review of Ontario Corrections, Mr. Sapers released Corrections in Ontario: Directions for Reform in October, 2017. The report examines select correctional practices and makes 62 recommendations to improve them with a focus on community safety, accountability and

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of computerized vs. in-person motivational interventions in the criminal justice system – 2018-04

Highlights • The cost-effectiveness of a computerized intervention for probationers is assessed. • Effectiveness is self-reported initiation into any treatment at 6 months. • The computerized intervention was relatively good value for the main outcome. • Results are not robust to narrowing the outcome to initiating formal treatment only. Abstract Introduction Although substance use is

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Cultural Humility: An Active Concept to Drive Correctional Nursing Practice – 2018-01

Correctional nursing practice is focused on a unique patient population: inmates who present with their own ethnicities and have an imposed culture from the prison structure. As such, culture must be considered to provide holistic care. Madeleine Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, which maintains that care is

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Discharge from Court Protocol

The webinar will: Provide an overview of the issue on interaction of individuals with mental illness and the justice system; Discuss the need for bridging the service gap for individuals with mental illness who are in conflict with the law; Review the processes for individuals with mental illness admitted to

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Discharge from Court Protocol – Why the Need and What Was the Gap in Services – 2015-11-16

The Red Bag Program, now called the Discharge from Court Protocol, was signed in 2010 as a Pilot Project for OCDC with Champlain East and with Renfrew County. These sealed, red envelopes are used to facilitate the transfer of special needs offenders’ belongings from Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre to their respective courts. Such belongings

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Does “Enhanced Support” for Offenders Effectively Reduce Custodial Violence and Disruption? An Evaluation of the Enhanced Support Service Pilot – 2018-01-11

This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of The Enhanced Support Service (ESS) pilot in reducing custodial violence and disruption, and the associated costs, by observing the behavioural change of the 35 service users who participated in ESS intervention within its first 22 months of operation. Frequencies of recorded incidents

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Effectiveness of a risk–need–responsivity-based treatment program for violent and sexual offenders: Results of a retrospective, quasi-experimental study – 2017

Purpose Relapse prevention is an important goal in correctional settings. Although there is strong evidence for the effectiveness of certain treatment programs for juvenile offenders, those for adults lack such evidence. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a risk–need–responsivity (RNR)-based intervention. Methods A quasi-experimental, observational study design and cox regression

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Emptying the ‘New Asylums’: A Beds Capacity Model to Reduce Mental Illness Behind Bars – 2017-01

In 2016, an estimated 90,000 US jail inmates were pretrial defendants with serious mental illness who had been found incompetent to stand trial (IST). IST services most commonly take place in state hospitals. Most state hospitals maintain waitlists of IST inmates because they do not have enough beds to meet

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Factors That Promote and Hinder Medication Adherence From the Perspective of Inmates in a Provincial Remand Center: A Mixed Methods Study – 2017-12-25

Effective medication delivery to inmates within correctional facilities is essential for managing symptoms, preventing relapse, slowing disease progression, and enabling recovery. Despite its importance, medication adherence in correctional facilities is poor. This mixed methods study explores the factors that affect medication adherence from the perspective of 20 inmates at a

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