Association of Childhood Blood Lead Levels With Criminal Offending – 2017-12-26

Key Points Question Is childhood lead exposure associated with criminal offending in a setting where the degree of lead exposure was not confounded by socioeconomic status? Findings In this cohort study of 553 New Zealanders observed for 38 years, lead exposure in childhood was weakly associated with official criminal conviction

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Behavioral Addictions and Criminal Responsibility – 2017-12

Certain behavioral addictions pose difficult and unresolved problems for the criminal justice system. These disorders are characterized by strong desire states and may be associated with illegal behaviors that are committed to support the addiction. In this article, we begin with a general account of criminal responsibility and provide the

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Gendered Pathways to Crime

This webinar explores the role that a history of victimization or mental health issues play in the responses of women to a correctional environment, and to the nature of the programming that women require. Learning Objectives: · Understanding the different pathways to crime that related to gender · Understanding and

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The aggressive brain: insights from neuroscience – 2018-02

Highlights • Virtually all animal species engage in aggressive behavior. • Brain mechanisms for aggression are very similar across species. • Aggression may be an emergent property of a ‘social behavior network.’ • The neurotransmitter serotonin is important for regulating reactive aggression. • Modern human aggression appears detached from these

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The School Experiences of Male Adolescent Offenders: Implications for Academic Performance and Recidivism – 2018-01-10

Adolescents with juvenile justice system experience may be enrolled into alternative schools to increase academic success or to reduce delinquency. This study used longitudinal data on a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 1,216 male, first-time adolescent offenders to examine how youthful offenders’ school experiences were associated with academic outcomes, school attitudes,

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Trauma and Violent Offending – Understanding Gang Violence Through the Lens of an Ex-Gang Member – 2015-11-17

The aim of this article is to examine how violent traumatic exposure over the life course can lead to future gang membership, violent offending and subsequent contact with the law. Drawing on a case study approach and a first person narrative our research explores the interpersonal nature of violent offending including the psychological

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Treat or Repeat: A State Survey of Serious Mental Illness, Major Crimes and Community Treatment – 2017-09

Individuals with serious mental illness who have committed major crimes represent 2% of the estimated 8.2 million individuals with a severe psychiatric disease in the United States. Although this is a small segment of the total population, research shows that, without treatment, these individuals are at heightened risk of being

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