“Forgetting familiar faces”: Staff perceptions of dementia in people with intellectual disabilities [2018]

Accessible summary Dementia is an illness of the brain. It can make people forgetful and confused. We talked to staff about what it is like to support people with dementia. They told us that working with dementia is upsetting for family, friends and staff. AbstractBackgroundLiving with dementia is challenging, but

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1st International Experts’ Meeting on Agitation: Conclusions Regarding the Current and Ideal Management Paradigm of Agitation – 2018

Agitation is a heterogeneous concept without a uniformly accepted definition, however, it is generally considered as a state of cognitive and motor hyperactivity characterized by excessive or inappropriate motor or verbal activity with marked emotional arousal. Not only the definition but also other aspects of agitated patients’ care are still

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A review of measures used in the screening, assessment and diagnosis of dementia in people with an intellectual disability – 2018

Background The increasing number of individuals with an intellectual disability who are at risk of developing dementia highlights the need to use measures with strong psychometric properties as part of the screening, assessment and diagnostic process. Method Searches were made of clinical and good practice guidelines and English language journal

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A systematic evaluation of impulsive–aggressive behavior in psychogeriatric inpatients using the staff observation aggression scale-revision (SOAS-R) – 2018

Impulsive–aggressive behavior is a significant challenge in geriatric psychiatry and requires professional evaluation and management. SOAS-R scales (Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revision) completed by medical staff on three secure psychiatric wards were analyzed during a period of 12 months. Patients were subdivided into the following two diagnostic subgroups: dementia and other

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Adverse Events in Home Care: Identifying and Responding with interRAI Scales and Clinical Assessment Protocols – 2018-01-08

Outcomes of adverse events in home care are varied and multifactorial. This study tested a framework combining two health measures to identify home care recipients at higher risk of long-term care placement or death within one year. Both measures come from the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC), a standardized comprehensive

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Ageing in corrective services: from the perspective of prison chaplains [2018]

The number of older inmates in New South Wales prisons has increased over the past ten years but it is unclear whether corrective services can cater for the increase. The current study reports the results of a qualitative study about ageing in prison. Eight prison chaplains from four corrective facilities

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Aligning age-friendly and dementia-friendly communities in the UK – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to set out the history and origins of dementia-friendly communities (DFCs) and age-friendly communities (AFCs) in the UK, the differing frameworks and how they compare, and set out some key messages about how they might learn from each other. Design/methodology/approach This paper is

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An intervention programme for caregivers of dementia patients with frontal behavioural changes: an explorative study with controlled effect on sense of competence [2018]

Aim Caregivers of dementia patients experience high levels of burden; this is especially true of caregivers of dementia patients with behavioural problems. As intervention studies for these caregivers are still lacking, we conducted an explorative pilot study into the efficacy of a support programme. Methods Participants were caregivers of dementia

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Canada’s first ‘dementia village’ is set to open its doors in Langley, B.C. next year – National Post – 2018-02-28

Canada’s first community designed specifically for people with dementia is opening next year in Langley. It’s called The Village. Comprised of six, single-storey cottage-style homes and a community centre, The Village will be home to 78 people with dementia, an umbrella term that includes people suffering from Alzheimer’s and other

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Caregiver Reactions to Aggressive Behaviors in Persons With Dementia in a Diverse, Community-Dwelling Sample – 2018

Purpose: To describe caregiver challenges with and confidence managing three aggressive behavior types in persons with dementia: verbal aggression, destroying property, and threatening to hurt others. Design and Method: Secondary analysis of baseline data from the 2001-2004 Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health II (REACH II) initiative. Results: One or

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Caregivers’ perceptions of aggressive behaviour in nursing home residents living with dementia: A meta‐ethnography [2018]

Aim To explore how formal caregivers perceive and interpret aggressive behaviour in nursing home residents living with dementia, by synthesizing knowledge from published qualitative studies. Background Nursing home caregivers are exposed to aggressive behaviour from residents living with dementia. The way caregivers perceive aggressive behaviour may affect their feelings and

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Cognitive impairment, self-perceived health and quality of life of older prisoners – 2017

Background There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. Aims Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. Methods A total of 138

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Consensus statement of the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia on valuing the perspectives of persons with intellectual disability – 2018-01-17

The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia covered a range of issues related to dementia and intellectual disability, including the dearth of personal reflections of persons with intellectual disability affected by dementia. This article reflects on this deficiency and explores some of the personal perspectives gleaned from the literature,

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Creating a Collaborative Approach to Seniors Issues in Rural Communities – 2015-11-18

Many communities are seeing an increase in senior related calls for service. This is true for police, hospitals, community health care providers and families. The issues surrounding seniors are multifaceted. In Durham region, we have recognized that a community partnership approach is fundamental in successfully addressing complex issues. We will discuss advances we

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Dementia and the Justice System – Webinar – 2018-06-21

This webinar examines the complex issue of dementia in relation to the criminal justice system. It provides an overview of the ways in which people with dementia come into contact with the law and the issues they may face in navigating the system. Presenters:  Katelynn Viau – Behavioural Supports Ontario

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Dementia in Canada – Canadian Institute for Health Information

Digital report delivers CIHI’s first comprehensive look at this complex illness and its effects on seniors, caregivers and health systems. Canadian Institute for Health Information https://www.cihi.ca/en/dementia-in-canada

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Detecting agitation and aggression in people with dementia using sensors: A systematic review – 2018

Agitation and aggression are among the most challenging symptoms of dementia. Agitated persons with dementia can harm themselves, their caregivers, or other patients in a care facility. Automatic detection of agitation would be useful to alert caregivers so that appropriate interventions can be performed. The building blocks in the automatic

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Developing dementia: The existential experience of the quality of life with young-onset dementia – A longitudinal case study [2018]

Background Cognition and the ability to take care of daily activities and oneself gradually declines among people with dementia. Studies are scarce, especially regarding how people with young-onset dementia (YOD) (<65 years) experience the quality of their lives with the progression of dementia. People with dementia living alone face special

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Developing Ontario’s Dementia Strategy: Discussion Paper – 2017

The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care has developed a discussion paper to engage Ontarians in a conversation about how we can improve access to quality care for people living with dementia and support those who care for them. https://www.ontario.ca/page/developing-ontarios-dementia-strategy-discussion-paper

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Does restructuring theory and clinical courses better prepare nursing students to manage residents with challenging behaviors in long-term care settings? – 2018-01

Bachelor of Nursing students (BN) placed in long-term care encounter residents who exhibit challenging behaviors. Students are often inadequately prepared to manage these behaviors, and this is a source of distress for students. This study explored whether enhancing and restructuring theoretical and clinical courses resulted in student nurses feeling better

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Effectiveness of interventions for co‐residing family caregivers of people with dementia: Systematic review and meta‐analysis [2018]

Background/aim Occupational therapists and health practitioners commonly provide interventions to family caregivers of people with dementia with the aim of relieving burden, depression, and disruptions in health and social support. To date, the effects of multicomponent interventions specifically targeting these four important outcomes has not been established. The aim of

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Geographic Clustering of Admissions to Inpatient Psychiatry among Adults with Cognitive Disorders in Ontario, Canada: Does Distance to Hospital Matter? – 2018

Objective: This study examined relationships among hospital accessibility, socio-economic context, and geographic clustering of inpatient psychiatry admissions for adults with cognitive disorders in Ontario, Canada. Method: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted using admissions data from 71 hospitals with inpatient psychiatry beds in Ontario, Canada between 2011 and 2014. Data

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Impact of person-centred care training and person-centred activities on quality of life, agitation, and antipsychotic use in people with dementia living in nursing homes: A cluster-randomised controlled trial – 2018-02-06

Background Agitation is a common, challenging symptom affecting large numbers of people with dementia and impacting on quality of life (QoL). There is an urgent need for evidence-based, cost-effective psychosocial interventions to improve these outcomes, particularly in the absence of safe, effective pharmacological therapies. This study aimed to evaluate the

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Lifetime trauma and suicide attempts in older clients with severe mental illness [2018]

Research examining links between lifetime trauma and suicide attempts in older clients with severe mental illness (SMI) is scarce. We examined associations among six common forms of lifetime trauma and lifetime suicide attempts while controlling for other known correlates of suicide attempts including gender, psychiatric symptoms, thoughts of self-harm/suicide, and

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Longitudinal Effects of Activities, Social Environment, and Psychotropic Medication Use on Behavioral Symptoms of Individuals With Alzheimer’s Disease in Nursing Homes [2018]

A secondary data analysis of 25,560 minutes of structured clinical observations from a longitudinal study examined the impact of time-varying background factors, social environment, and psychotropic medication use on behavioral symptoms of nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Data were collected at baseline (N = 177), 12 months (N

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