A review of measures used in the screening, assessment and diagnosis of dementia in people with an intellectual disability – 2018

Background The increasing number of individuals with an intellectual disability who are at risk of developing dementia highlights the need to use measures with strong psychometric properties as part of the screening, assessment and diagnostic process. Method Searches were made of clinical and good practice guidelines and English language journal

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A systematic evaluation of impulsive–aggressive behavior in psychogeriatric inpatients using the staff observation aggression scale-revision (SOAS-R) – 2018

Impulsive–aggressive behavior is a significant challenge in geriatric psychiatry and requires professional evaluation and management. SOAS-R scales (Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revision) completed by medical staff on three secure psychiatric wards were analyzed during a period of 12 months. Patients were subdivided into the following two diagnostic subgroups: dementia and other

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Adverse Events in Home Care: Identifying and Responding with interRAI Scales and Clinical Assessment Protocols – 2018-01-08

Outcomes of adverse events in home care are varied and multifactorial. This study tested a framework combining two health measures to identify home care recipients at higher risk of long-term care placement or death within one year. Both measures come from the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC), a standardized comprehensive

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Aligning age-friendly and dementia-friendly communities in the UK – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to set out the history and origins of dementia-friendly communities (DFCs) and age-friendly communities (AFCs) in the UK, the differing frameworks and how they compare, and set out some key messages about how they might learn from each other. Design/methodology/approach This paper is

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Cognitive impairment, self-perceived health and quality of life of older prisoners – 2017

Background There is a wealth of studies of somatic and mental illness among prisoners, but little on older prisoners and their cognitive aging. Aims Our study examines the cognitive performance of older male prisoners and its effect on their perceived health and quality of life. Methods A total of 138

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Consensus statement of the International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia on valuing the perspectives of persons with intellectual disability – 2018-01-17

The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia covered a range of issues related to dementia and intellectual disability, including the dearth of personal reflections of persons with intellectual disability affected by dementia. This article reflects on this deficiency and explores some of the personal perspectives gleaned from the literature,

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Creating a Collaborative Approach to Seniors Issues in Rural Communities – 2015-11-18

Many communities are seeing an increase in senior related calls for service. This is true for police, hospitals, community health care providers and families. The issues surrounding seniors are multifaceted. In Durham region, we have recognized that a community partnership approach is fundamental in successfully addressing complex issues. We will discuss advances we

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Developing Ontario’s Dementia Strategy: Discussion Paper – 2017

The Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care has developed a discussion paper to engage Ontarians in a conversation about how we can improve access to quality care for people living with dementia and support those who care for them. https://www.ontario.ca/page/developing-ontarios-dementia-strategy-discussion-paper

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Does restructuring theory and clinical courses better prepare nursing students to manage residents with challenging behaviors in long-term care settings? – 2018-01

Bachelor of Nursing students (BN) placed in long-term care encounter residents who exhibit challenging behaviors. Students are often inadequately prepared to manage these behaviors, and this is a source of distress for students. This study explored whether enhancing and restructuring theoretical and clinical courses resulted in student nurses feeling better

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Impact of person-centred care training and person-centred activities on quality of life, agitation, and antipsychotic use in people with dementia living in nursing homes: A cluster-randomised controlled trial – 2018-02-06

Background Agitation is a common, challenging symptom affecting large numbers of people with dementia and impacting on quality of life (QoL). There is an urgent need for evidence-based, cost-effective psychosocial interventions to improve these outcomes, particularly in the absence of safe, effective pharmacological therapies. This study aimed to evaluate the

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Neurodegenerative Dementias After Traumatic Brain Injury – 2017

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often considered to be a risk factor for the later development of neurodegenerative conditions, but some findings do not support a link. Differences in research methods, clinical samples, and limitations encountered when assessing and documenting TBI details likely contribute to the mixed reports in the

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Nurses’ Intentions to Initiate an Antipsychotic or Behavioral Intervention with Nursing Home Residents: The Role of Norms and Being Evaluated – 2018

Objectives: To examine whether exposure to a message to avoid antipsychotic medications and a salient sense of managerial oversight influenced nurses’ treatment intentions. Methods: 158 nurses from 28 long-term care facilities were randomized to one of four conditions within a 2 × 2 between-participants design. The nurses responded to a

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Older adults in jail: high rates and early onset of geriatric conditions – 2018-02

Background The number of older adults in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing. While this population is thought to experience an early onset of aging-related health conditions (“accelerated aging”), studies have not directly compared rates of geriatric conditions in this population to those found in the general population. The

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Older Former Prisoners’ Pathways to Sobriety – 2017-08-17

This study explores how older age shapes processes of substance abuse cessation among male substance users recently released from prison. Semistructured in-depth interviews and brief surveys were conducted with 15 men age 49+, released from prison in a large, eastern U.S. city. A follow-up interview was conducted with each participant

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Proactive approaches to identifying dementia and dementia risk; a qualitative study of public attitudes and preferences – 2018

Objectives The aim of this study was to critically explore the views of the public about the acceptability and feasibility of proactive approaches to earlier dementia diagnosis and also identification of people at high risk of dementia. Design Qualitative study using task group methodology and thematic data analysis. Setting Task

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Safe Pathways – Supporting Dementia in the Justice System – 2015-11-17

In the Guelph Wellington community, a collaborative community approach was created to support and guide individuals with dementia and their care partners away from and/or through the Judicial System. Safe Pathways aims to reduce the likelihood that persons with dementia will enter the judicial system due to behaviours that may cause harm and

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Sensitizing Inpatient Mental Health Staff to the Challenges of Aging – 2018

Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and

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Sensitizing Inpatient Mental Health Staff to the Challenges of Aging – 2018-01

Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and

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The individual experience of ageing prisoners: systematic review and meta-synthesis through a Good Lives Model framework – 2017

Objective The existing literature on ageing prisoners tends to focus on such aspects as diagnosis and physical ill-health. In contrast, the experience of imprisonment from the perspective of ageing prisoners has received less attention. Grounded in a Good Lives Model theoretical framework, we reviewed and meta-synthesised literature around their experience

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Treatment for opioid use and outcomes in older adults: a systematic literature review – 2018-01-01

Background Historically, issues relating to problem substance use among older people have received little attention, and have only recently been recognised. Methods A literature review of relevant material was conducted in November 2015 to assess current outcome research among older adults treated for opioid dependence. Multiple electronic databases were searched

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Well-being in elderly long-term care residents with chronic mental disorder: a systematic review – 2017-12-21

Objectives: One of the most important objectives of care for older long-term care residents with chronic mental disorders is to facilitate well-being. This review provides an overview of research literature on well-being in this population. Method: A systematic review was conducted using Pubmed, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES for all studies up

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