A hierarchy of expert performance applied to forensic psychological assessments – 2018-02

Experts in forensic psychology must make skilled observations and conclusions, minimally compromised by bias, in order to try and provide reliable and accurate conclusions to the courts. But the field has little data revealing how well forensic psychologists actually perform these tasks, in part because there has been no clear

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A Prospective Examination of the Predictive Validity of Five Structured Instruments for Inpatient Violence in a Secure Forensic Hospital – 2018

This prospective study investigated the predictive validity of five structured risk/forensic instruments for inpatient violence risk in a secure forensic hospital. Episodes of inpatient violence and the following instruments were each coded from hospital files: Historical Clinical Risk Management 20 – Version 3 (HCR-20V3), Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R), Short-Term Assessment

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A systematic PRISMA review of individuals with autism spectrum disorder in secure psychiatric care: prevalence, treatment, risk assessment and other clinical considerations – 2018

Purpose Patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present with specific assessment, specific difficulties, needs and therapeutic issues and therefore are a challenging group for forensic services. Given the challenge that individuals with ASD present to forensic services, the suggested increase in the number of this group within this setting and

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A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Within Forensic Psychiatric and Correctional Settings Worldwide – 2018

Cognitive-behavioral programs which are structured, skills-based, and risk-focused have been found to reduce recidivism rates by up to 55%. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) exemplifies all of these components, and has been rapidly adapted and implemented in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities worldwide to reduce recidivism. Regrettably, the widespread implementation of

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A Theoretical and Empirical Review of Dialectical Behavior Therapy Within Forensic Psychiatric and Correctional Settings Worldwide – 2018-01

Cognitive-behavioral programs which are structured, skills-based, and risk-focused have been found to reduce recidivism rates by up to 55%. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) exemplifies all of these components, and has been rapidly adapted and implemented in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities worldwide to reduce recidivism. Regrettably, the widespread implementation of

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Affective neuroscience: A primer with implications for forensic psychology – 2017-12-20

Emotions have important implications for many aspects of cognition and behaviour, including those that are of concern to forensic psychologists. This review article provides an overview of the emerging field of affective neuroscience – the scientific discipline that seeks to identify the neural mechanisms that give rise to emotion. The

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Affective neuroscience: a primer with implications for forensic psychology – 2018

Emotions have important implications for many aspects of cognition and behaviour, including those that are of concern to forensic psychologists. This review article provides an overview of the emerging field of affective neuroscience – the scientific discipline that seeks to identify the neural mechanisms that give rise to emotion. The

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Age onset of offending and serious mental illness among forensic psychiatric patients: A latent profile analysis – 2018

Background Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. Aims To test

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An evaluation of a specialist firesetting treatment programme for male and female mentally disordered offenders (the FIP-MO) – 2017-12-28

Individuals who set deliberate fires are frequently encountered by clinicians working in forensic mental health services. However, little attention has been paid to developing standardised treatment for this behaviour, and few evaluations of treatment have been conducted in forensic mental health services. This study evaluates a new standardised group cognitive

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An evaluation of the effectiveness of positive behavioural support within a medium secure mental health forensic service – 2018

A number of recent influential reports recommend the use of proactive and preventative approaches such as Positive Behavioural Support (PBS) in the management of challenging behaviours. Although evidence supporting the use of PBS is mainly drawn from studies of learning disability and child populations, it is recognised that PBS could

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Associations Between Neurocognitive Characteristics, Treatment Outcome, and Dropout Among Aggressive Forensic Psychiatric Outpatients – 2018-01-01

Aggression Replacement Training (ART) is widely used to reduce aggression and is considered to be effective although there are also inconsistent results. Studies investigating the effectiveness of ART do not focus on neurocognitive characteristics. Focusing on these aspects would result in enhanced understanding of underlying mechanisms of ART. The current

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Can We Use Hare’s Psychopathy Model within Forensic and Non-Forensic Populations? An Empirical Investigation – 2018

Although psychopathy construct (Self-Report Psychopathy Scale–Short Form [SRP–SF]) was assessed among various samples, prior research did not investigate whether the model proposed by Hare and colleagues can be used to capture psychopathy scores derived from forensic and nonforensic populations. The main objective of the current study was to test dimensionality,

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Characteristics and Needs of Long-Stay Forensic Psychiatric Inpatients: A Rapid Review of the Literature – 2018

This rapid review summarizes currently available information on the definition, prevalence, characteristics, and needs of long-stay patients within forensic psychiatric settings. Sixty nine documents from 14 countries were identified. Reports on what constitutes “long-stay” and on the characteristics of long-stay patients were inconsistent. Factors most frequently associated with longer stay

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Characteristics and Needs of Long-Stay Forensic Psychiatric Inpatients: A Rapid Review of the Literature – 2018-01-15

This rapid review summarizes currently available information on the definition, prevalence, characteristics, and needs of long-stay patients within forensic psychiatric settings. Sixty nine documents from 14 countries were identified. Reports on what constitutes “long-stay” and on the characteristics of long-stay patients were inconsistent. Factors most frequently associated with longer stay

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Characteristics and Pathways of Long-Stay Patients in High and Medium Secure Settings in England – 2018

Background: Many patients experience extended stays within forensic care, but the characteristics of long-stay patients are poorly understood. Aims: To describe the characteristics of long-stay patients in high and medium secure settings in England. Method: Detailed file reviews provided clinical, offending and risk data for a large representative sample of

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Co-Occurring Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders in Canadian Forensic Inpatients: Underdiagnosis and Implications for Treatment Planning – 2018

Research suggests that co-occurring substance use disorder (SUD) is prevalent among adults with psychiatric illness. Studies with forensic patients in Australia indicate that co-occurring disorders (CD) are underdiagnosed. To help determine how widespread CD underdiagnosis is in forensic populations internationally, we compared current diagnoses recorded in the clinical record with

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Cognitive bias in forensic mental health assessment: Evaluator beliefs about its nature and scope – 2018-02

Decision-making of mental health professionals is influenced by irrelevant information (e.g., Murrie, Boccaccini, Guarnera, & Rufino, 2013). However, the extent to which mental health evaluators acknowledge the existence of bias, recognize it, and understand the need to guard against it, is unknown. To formally assess beliefs about the scope and

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Constituting the ‘sexually violent predator’: Law, forensic psychology, and the adjudication of risk – 2018

Considerable socio-legal scholarship demonstrates law’s constitutive power, and much criminological research has considered the effects of actuarial risk assessment. However, these strands have rarely been brought together to consider how legal risk assessment practices constitute sexual subjects. This article argues that law and forensic psychology co-constitute the category of the

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Differences in Neuropsychological Functioning Between Homicidal and Nonviolent Schizophrenia Samples – 2018

Few studies have compared performance on neurocognitive measures between violent and nonviolent schizophrenia samples. A better understanding of neurocognitive dysfunction in violent individuals with schizophrenia could increase the efficacy of violence reduction strategies and aid in risk assessment and adjudication processes. This study aimed to compare neuropsychological performance between 25

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English vs Dutch high secure hospitals: service user perspectives – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe service users’ perspectives on the difference between high secure long-stay forensic psychiatric services in the Netherlands and high secure forensic psychiatric care in England. These perspectives are relevant in considering the benefits of a similar long-stay service in England. Design/methodology/approach A

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Evaluating the Violence Prevention Program: group and individual changes in aggression, anger, self-control, and empathy – 2017-10

While youth violence reduction program is a necessity to prevent long-term criminal and violent offending, its effectiveness in youth violent offenders is not well researched. This study investigated the effectiveness of the Violence Prevention Program (VPP) in addressing the aggression, anger, self-control, and empathy of youth violent offenders. One hundred

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Field Inter-Rater Reliability of the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised – 2016-06-01

Strong inter-rater reliability has been established for the Hare Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R), specifically by examiners in research contexts. However, there is less support for inter-reliability in applied settings. This study examined archival data that included a sample of sex offenders (n = 178) who entered federal custody between 1992 and

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Forensic Early Intervention Service (FEIS)

In this webinar, the presenters will cover: Overview of Forensic Early Intervention Service at the Toronto South Detention Centre Support available to clients and their family through the Forensic Early Intervention Service Outcomes and challenges of the Forensic Early Intervention Service Recommendations for mental health providers for working with justice-involved

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Forensic mental health clinician’s experiences with and assessment of alliance regarding the patient’s readiness to be released from mechanical restraint – 2016-12

One of the main reasons for prolonged duration of mechanical restraint is patient behaviour in relation to the clinician-patient alliance. This article reports on the forensic mental health clinicians experiences of the clinician-patient alliance during mechanical restraint, and their assessment of parameters of alliance regarding the patient’s readiness to be

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Forensic neuroscience: problems and promises – 2018

Forensic neuroscience has made substantial strides over the last two to three decades. As illustrated in the articles in this special issue, our understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of various crime-related phenomena such as self-regulation, psychopathy, aggression, fear, anxiety and other emotions, and empathy, morality, and social decision making has

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