An Integrative Review of Nurse-Authored Research to Improve Health Equity and Human Rights for Criminal-Justice-Involved People – 2018

Background An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research

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Building a Service Resolution Function in Toronto – Recommendations for Meeting the Needs of People with Complex Mental Health & Justice Challenges – 2015-11-18

We will present findings from our recent research conducted for the T-HSJCC, from which we developed the characteristics of distinctive models of service resolution tailored for the Toronto context, for people with complex mental health and addictions needs involved (or at risk of involvement) with the criminal justice system. Building a Service

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Correlates of Mental Health Diversion Completion in a Canadian Consortium – 2018

Mental health diversion is an important option for offenders with mental illness who do not pose a serious risk to public safety and who would otherwise be better served outside the criminal justice system. Predictors of complete vs. incomplete diversion were examined in a sample of 708 defendants seen in

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Correlates of Mental Health Diversion Completion in a Canadian Consortium – 2018-01-15

Mental health diversion is an important option for offenders with mental illness who do not pose a serious risk to public safety and who would otherwise be better served outside the criminal justice system. Predictors of complete vs. incomplete diversion were examined in a sample of 708 defendants seen in

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Engaging “seldom heard” groups in research and intervention development: Offender mental health [2018]

Background People subject to the criminal justice system often have substantially different life‐experiences from the general population. Patient and public involvement (PPI) of “seldom heard” groups provides valuable experiential knowledge, enhancing research. Objective To share our jointly developed techniques to ensure the meaningful engagement and contribution of people with lived

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Exploration of joint working practices on anti-social behaviour between criminal justice, mental health and social care agencies: A qualitative study – 2018

Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus

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Exploration of joint working practices on anti‐social behaviour between criminal justice, mental health and social care agencies: A qualitative study – 2018

Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus

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Health-care system failed Ottawa man, judge says – CBC – 2018-02-16

An Ottawa judge released a mentally ill man from custody Friday, saying he had languished in jail for five months because the healthcare system failed to find him a secure home. Justice Peter Doody of the Ontario Court of Justice made the comments during Kevin Coleman’s sentencing. “The health system

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How We Got Here – The Northwest Community Mobilization Network

  Over the last 12 months and beyond, the Northwest Center of Responsibility (formerly known as the NWR-HSJCC) has transitioned their HSJCCs by incorporating principles of the Hub/Situation Table model into its structure. This has led to the establishment of the Northwest Community Mobilization Network. This transition was prompted by

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Human rights-based approaches to mental health legislation and global mental health – 2018

Globally, established practice in mental health services has tended to be codified into law in ways that are paternalistic, seeking to make decisions for patients that presume ‘best interest’ and which ultimately place power in the hands of medical authority. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with

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Impact of Veteran Status and Timing of PTSD Diagnosis on Criminal Justice Outcomes [2018]

Previous research has demonstrated that jurors show a bias towards treatment for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present research examines this bias when jurors are faced with cases of potential malingering, in which the defendant’s claim of PTSD is a perceived attempt to escape legal punishments. Trial vignettes,

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Interagency collaboration models for people with mental ill health in contact with the police: a systematic scoping review [2017]

Objective To identify existing evidence on interagency collaboration between law enforcement, emergency services, statutory services and third sector agencies regarding people with mental ill health. Design Systematic scoping review. Scoping reviews map particular research areas to identify research gaps. Data sources and eligibility ASSIA, CENTRAL, the Cochrane Library databases, Criminal

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Making sense of interactions between mental health and criminal justice services: the utility of cultural historical activity systems theory – 2018

Purpose Effective collaboration between mental health services (MHS) and criminal justice services (CJS) impacts on mental illness and reduces reoffending rates. This paper proposes the change laboratory model (CLM) of workplace transformation as a potential tool to support interagency collaborative practice that has potential to complement current integration tools used

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Making sense of interactions between mental health and criminal justice services: the utility of cultural historical activity systems theory – 2018

Purpose Effective collaboration between mental health (MHS) and criminal justice services (CJS) impacts on mental illness and reduces reoffending rates. This paper proposes the Change Laboratory Model (CLM) of workplace transformation as a potential tool to support interagency collaborative practice that has potential to complement current integration tools used in

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Medication state at the time of the offense: Medication noncompliance, insight and criminal responsibility – 2018

This study used a mixed quantitative‐qualitative methodology to examine whether mock jurors considered a defendant’s meta‐responsibility – specifically, the defendant’s medication noncompliance and degree of insight into his/her schizophrenia – when determining the person’s criminal responsibility. The degree of expert witness explanation regarding these factors was also varied. Participants (n

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Mental Health Diversion Program – 2015-11-17

People living with mental health symptoms or diagnosis, or a developmental disability may access alternatives to criminal prosecution. This process is known as a mental health diversion. If the Crown Attorney believes the symptoms of mental health are related to the criminal activity, he or she may determine that mental health diversion

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Mental Illness Is Not a Crime – Psychology Today [2018-10-13]

There is nothing criminal about being diagnosed with mental illness. Nevertheless, according to data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, nearly 40% of inmates in state and federal prisons have a history of mental illness. Nearly 15% meet criteria for acute and serious psychological distress. In county jails, the prevalence

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Moral Challenges for Psychologists Working in Psychology and Law [2018]

States have an obligation to protect themselves and their citizens from harm, and they use the coercive powers of law to investigate threats, enforce rules and arbitrate disputes, thereby impacting on people’s well-being and legal rights and privileges. Psychologists as a collective have a responsibility to use their abilities, knowledge,

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Narratives of illness and offending: mentally disordered offenders’ views on their offending [2018]

Narratives have been used in both the sociology of health and illness and in criminology to examine how groups of people present themselves in moral terms. This article focuses on the narratives of offenders with mental health problems in England subject to section 37/41 of the Mental Health Act 1983

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Navigating the Criminal Justice and Mental Health Systems – 2015-11-17

The mental health and criminal justice systems map – which aims to assist individuals who have come into contact with the law, their friends and family, and service providers, in navigating the two systems – will be outlined. Local and Regional HSJCCs will learn how they can adapt the companion booklet

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Offenders living with mental illness: How are they perceived by future professionals? – 2018-02

Summary This study investigates the attitudes of Criminal Justice and Social Work majors toward offenders living with mental illness. Multivariate regression analyses were used to explore differences in attitudes between student majors, controlling for factors such as age, race, and political ideology among a sample of 358 respondents. Participant attitudes

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Outcome of serious violent offenders with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder dealt with by the New South Wales criminal justice system – 2018

Background: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. Method: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in

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Predicting program success for adult offenders with serious mental illness in a court ordered diversion program – 2018

Individuals with mental illnesses are disproportionately involved with the criminal justice system and are now being diverted from jails to community-based supervision. This study examines secondary data from a state hospital, mental health diversion program. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors that best predicted successful program completion. Results

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Predicting program success for adult offenders with serious mental illness in a court ordered diversion program [2018]

Individuals with mental illnesses are disproportionately involved with the criminal justice system and are now being diverted from jails to community-based supervision. This study examines secondary data from a state hospital, mental health diversion program. Logistic regression was used to examine risk factors that best predicted successful program completion. Results

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Psychopathic costs: a monetization study of the fiscal toll of psychopathy features among institutionalized delinquents – 2017-12

Purpose That psychopathy imposes substantial societal costs and economic burden is axiomatic, but monetization studies have overlooked cost estimates of the disorder. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach Drawing on a near census of institutionalized delinquents from Missouri, the current study devised new crime cost measures for self-reported

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