‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care – 2018

Introduction Mental ill-health is prevalent across all groups of health professionals and this is of great concern in many countries. In the UK, the mental health of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce is a major healthcare issue, leading to presenteeism, absenteeism and loss of staff from the workforce. Most

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“Risk It Out, Risk It Out”: Occupational and Organizational Stresses in Rural Policing – 2018

In rural areas, police experience unique work-related health and safety risks attributable to a multitude of factors, ranging from inaccessible backup to navigating inclement weather alongside geographic obstacles. Although the result of institutional and organizational structures, operational (job content) and organizational (job context) risk must be recontextualized in the rural

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Burnout Among Direct-Care Workers in Nursing Homes: Influences of Organizational, Work Place, Interpersonal, and Personal Characteristics – 2018-01-10

Aims and Objectives The many negative effects of burnout have prompted researchers to better understand the factors contributing to it. The purpose of this paper is to add to this body of knowledge through the study of burnout among direct care workers (DCWs) in nursing homes (NH). Background Perhaps the

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Compassion fatigue and substance use among nurses – 2018

Aim This study aimed to detect if there were differences in compassion fatigue (CF) among nurses based on substance use and demographic variables of gender, marital status, type of health institution and income. Background Compassion fatigue is considered an outcome of poorly handled stressful situations in which nurses may respond

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Correctional Officers in Canada: Interpreting Workplace Violence – 2018

The potential for violence in prison shapes how correctional officers (COs) carry out their work. Yet, how provincial COs experience violence remains understudied. Using theoretical insights from the literature on workplace violence in caring and service occupations, we analyze observational data and interviews conducted with COs in eastern Canada. We

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Cross-sectional study on nurses’ attitudes regarding coercive measures: the importance of socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and strategies for coping with stress – 2018

Background Coercive measures are containment methods used in psychiatry to curb patients’ disruptive and aggressive behaviours towards themselves, others or objects. The prevalence of the practice of coercive measures in psychiatry is directly related to the attitudes of the staff. When discussing these attitudes, nurses are often particularly singled out.

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Degree of Anger During Anger-Generating Situations Among Psychiatric Staff Nurses: Association Between Nurses’ Attitudes Toward Service Users’ Aggression and Confidence in Intervening in Aggressive Situations [2018]

Some situations require psychiatric staff nurses to respond to service users’ negativity or aggression. As a result, psychiatric staff nurses may experience anger. The current study examined how anger levels of psychiatric staff nurses triggered by anger-generating situations by service users affected nurses’ confidence and attitudes. A questionnaire survey was

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Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

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Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

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Emotional Labour of Caregivers Confronted With Aggressive Brain-injured Patients – 2018

Highlights • Emotional labour of caregivers who take care of aggressive brain-injured patients is explored. • Emotional labour depends on the supposed “consciousness” of the patient about their aggressive behaviors. • The social representations could constitute knowledge for dealing with situations and impacting their emotional regulation. • Suppressing emotions in

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Experiences of burnout among drug counselors in a large opioid treatment program: A qualitative investigation – 2018

Background: Little is known about possible experiences of burnout among drug counselors in opioid treatment programs that are scaling up capacity to address the current opioid treatment gap. Methods: Participants in this quality improvement study were 31 drug counselors employed by large opioid treatment programs whose treatment capacities were expanding.

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First responder mental healthcare: Evidence-based prevention, postvention, and treatment [2018]

Recent national tragedies of hurricanes, mass shootings, gun violence in schools, wild fires, and mudslides have drawn our attention to the trauma of affected individuals and schoolchildren, but less to the stressors of first responders. While commonly regaled as “heroes,” responders face a scarcity of systemic and tailored mental health

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Impact of Workplace Violence Against Nurses’ Thriving at Work, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention:A Cross-sectional Study – 2018

Aims and objectives We investigated the inter-relationships between workplace violence (WPV), thriving at work, and turnover intention among Chinese nurses and explored the action mechanism among these variables. Background WPV is a dangerous occupational hazard globally, and it is pervasive in the health service industry. As a corollary, WPV may

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Job-related stress in psychiatric assistant nurses – 2017-10-17

Aim We aimed to clarify how stress among psychiatric assistant nurses (PANs) differed from Registered Nurses (PRNs). Design Cross-sectional survey study was conducted with PRNs and PANs working in six psychiatric hospitals in Japan. Methods The Psychiatric Nurse Job Stressor Scale (PNJSS) and the job stressor and stress reaction subscales

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Keeping Sane In an Insane World, with Dr. Julian Gojer – 2017-10-26

Keeping Sane In an Insane World: Trauma, Compassion Fatigue and Burnout, with Dr. Julian Gojer and Sheena Larose Lunch ‘n’ Learn Webinar October 26, 2017 Hosted by the North York Local Human Services and Justice Coordinating Committee     Keeping Sane in a Sane World – Webinar Slides – 2017-10-26

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Law enforcement officers’ perceptions of and responses to traumatic events: a survey of officers completing Crisis Intervention Team training – 2018

Law enforcement officers work in ever-changing and sometimes stressful environments. However, to date, little research has been conducted on officers’ perceptions of, and responses to, stressful and traumatic events. We surveyed 575 officers in Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training regarding such perceptions and responses. Results indicate that many officers have

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Mental Disorder Symptoms among Public Safety Personnel in Canada – 2018

Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of

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Morale, stress and coping strategies of staff working in the emergency department: A comparison of two different-sized departments – 2018

Objective Clinical staff in EDs are subject to a range of stressors. The objective of this study was to describe and compare clinical staff perceptions of their ED’s working environment across two different Australian EDs. Methods This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, research design that included distribution of three survey tools

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Negative Affective Responses to Stress among Urban Police Officers: A General Strain Theory Approach – 2018

The larger literature on police stress indicates that much of their stress emanates from two sources: organizational and environmental. These sources coexist in officers’ lives but function differently across police agencies. Officer experiences with stress also tend to lead to emotional reactions, some of which can be negative and increase

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Occupational stress, coping strategies, and psychological-related outcomes of nurses working in psychiatric hospitals – 2018

Aims Psychiatric nurses experience a wide range of stressful events, evolving from the care of violent, aggressive patients, recurrent relapse, and poor prognosis of mental disorders. The aim of the study was to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and levels of depression among psychiatric nurses. Methods A descriptive correlation design

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Perceived workplace adversity and correctional officer psychological well-being: an international examination of the impact of officer response styles – 2018-02

Correctional officers work in a highly challenging environment and are at a heightened risk of a range of negative stress-related health conditions. This study examines how correctional officer responses to adversity moderate the association between perceived workplace adversity and psychological well-being. The aim was to assess the degree that perceived

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Qualitatively Unpacking Canadian Public Safety Personnel Experiences of Trauma and Their Well-Being – 2018

We thematically analysed responses volunteered by 828 of the nearly 9,000 public safety personnel (PSP) who participated in an online survey on occupational stress injuries and symptoms. Participants responded to an open-ended optional request for “additional feedback” located at the end of the survey. Salient response themes reveal that, across

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Strengthening mental health nurses’ resilience through a workplace resilience programme: A qualitative inquiry [2018]

Accessible summary What is known on the subject? Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice‐related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well‐being. Resilience programmes are a strength‐based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. What the paper

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Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts among public safety personnel in Canada – 2018

Substantial media attention has focused on suicide among Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police). The attention has raised significant concerns about the mental health impact of public safety service, as well as interest in the correlates for risk of suicide. There have only been

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The Effectiveness of Guided Imagery in Treating Compassion Fatigue and Anxiety of Mental Health Workers – 2018

Mental health professionals’ exposure to clients’ traumatic experiences can result in elevated stress, including compassion fatigue and burnout. Experiencing symptoms of these types of stress can hinder workers’ ability to provide effective services. If a tool can reduce these symptoms, there is potential benefit for workers as well as those

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