“Risk It Out, Risk It Out”: Occupational and Organizational Stresses in Rural Policing – 2018

In rural areas, police experience unique work-related health and safety risks attributable to a multitude of factors, ranging from inaccessible backup to navigating inclement weather alongside geographic obstacles. Although the result of institutional and organizational structures, operational (job content) and organizational (job context) risk must be recontextualized in the rural

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A Co-Responder Model for Policing Mental Health Problems at Crime Hot Spots: Findings from a Pilot Project – 2018

The police often come into contact with people suffering from mental health and substance abuse problems and there is evidence to suggest that these individuals are concentrated in small geographic units. The purpose of the current research is to present a proactive co-responder approach that addresses mental health problems concentrated

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Creating a Collaborative Approach to Seniors Issues in Rural Communities – 2015-11-18

Many communities are seeing an increase in senior related calls for service. This is true for police, hospitals, community health care providers and families. The issues surrounding seniors are multifaceted. In Durham region, we have recognized that a community partnership approach is fundamental in successfully addressing complex issues. We will discuss advances we

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Descriptive Epidemiology for Community-wide Naloxone Administration by Police Officers and Firefighters Responding to Opioid Overdose – 2018

Recently implemented New York State policy allows police and fire to administer intranasal naloxone when responding to opioid overdoses. This work describes the geographic distribution of naloxone administration (NlxnA) by police and fire when responding to opioid overdoses in Erie County, NY, an area of approximately 920,000 people including the

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Development of the Nonverbal Cues of Interpersonal Violence Inventory: Law Enforcement Officers’ Perceptions of Nonverbal Behavior and Violence – 2018-01-20

Across two studies, we investigated nonverbal behaviors perceived to precede imminent interpersonal violence. Study 1 identified the six-factor structure of the Nonverbal Cues of Interpersonal Violence (NCIV) and also examined differences in perceptions of imminent interpersonal violence between law enforcement and laypersons. Study 2 confirmed the six-factor structure of the

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Early diversion and empowerment policing: evaluating an adult female offender triage project – 2018

This paper provides an evaluation of a police pilot early-diversion scheme for adult females who were arrested for low-severity offences using a natural experiment design. The intervention is novel in that it diverts arrestees to a women’s centre for assistance to address their criminogenic needs rather than process them through

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Effectiveness of current policing‐related mental health interventions: A systematic review – 2018

Background There are three commonly used mental health interventions associated with policing: liaison and diversion, street triage and having specialist staff embedded in police contact control rooms. Crisis intervention teams (CITs), already used in the USA, are now attracting wider interest, including in the UK. Investment in these interventions is

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Emergency service experiences of adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability – 2018

This study aimed to describe patterns of emergency department use and police interactions, as well as satisfaction with emergency services of 40 adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability over 12–18 months. Approximately 42.5% of the sample reported visiting the emergency department and 32.5% reported interactions with police during the

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Exploration of joint working practices on anti-social behaviour between criminal justice, mental health and social care agencies: A qualitative study – 2018

Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus

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Exploration of joint working practices on anti‐social behaviour between criminal justice, mental health and social care agencies: A qualitative study – 2018

Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus

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Exploring the Potential for Body-Worn Cameras to Reduce Violence in Police–Citizen Encounters – 2018

One of the most compelling perceived benefits of body-worn cameras (BWCs) involves the potential for reductions in citizen complaints and police use of force. A handful of early studies reported significant reductions in both outcomes following BWC adoption, but several recent studies have failed to document such effects. The current

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Law enforcement officers’ perceptions of and responses to traumatic events: a survey of officers completing Crisis Intervention Team training – 2018

Law enforcement officers work in ever-changing and sometimes stressful environments. However, to date, little research has been conducted on officers’ perceptions of, and responses to, stressful and traumatic events. We surveyed 575 officers in Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training regarding such perceptions and responses. Results indicate that many officers have

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Medically Clear: The Evidence Supports Police Use of Naloxone – Emergency Medicine News – 2018-03

The man was unresponsive, his breathing shallow. The Marin County, CA, police officer first at the scene located a pulse while the man’s companion reported that he had been using heroin. The officer performed a sternum rub with no response. The man’s eyes were slightly open, though, and he could

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Mental Health Adult Pre-charge Diversion

When a person with mental health issues has committed a minor crime in Durham Region, the Adult Mental Health Pre-charge Diversion Program helps move them away from the justice system and into the healthcare system. This webinar will explain how the program has reduced the number of individuals experiencing mental

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Mental health and policing interventions: implementation and impact – 2018

Purpose Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex and may affect the way in which both parties react to and experience the interactions. The purpose of this paper is to examine three commonly used interventions to improve these interactions. Design/methodology/approach Mixed methods were used

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Mental health and policing interventions: implementation and impact – 2018

Purpose Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex and may affect the way in which both parties react to and experience the interactions. The purpose of this paper is to examine three commonly used interventions to improve these interactions. Design/methodology/approach Mixed methods were used

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Mobile Crisis Intervention Team (MCIT) – Development and Evaluation of Toronto’s Co-Responding Police Mental Health Service Team – 2015-11-17

The Mobile Crisis Intervention Team (MCIT) is a co-responding police-mental health program. This presentation will share the process of coordinating MCIT’s across hospital, LHIN, and justice/healthcare boundaries. The results of a mixed-method outcome evaluation will be presented, focusing on clients’ experiences with both MCIT and police-only response teams. Mobile Crisis Intervention Team

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Mobile Crisis Rapid Response Team (Hamilton)

This presentation will focus on the development and outcomes of a new first responder model that pairs police officers and mental health crisis workers for 911 response in Hamilton, ON. A description of how the MCRRT evolved from a strong historical partnership between Hamilton Police Services (HPS) and St. Joseph’s

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Most Canadians killed in police encounters since 2000 had mental health or substance abuse issues – CBC – 2018-04-05

More than 460 people have died in encounters with police across Canada since the year 2000, and a substantial majority suffered from mental health problems or symptoms of drug abuse, a CBC News investigation has found. No government agency or police force maintains national statistics on police-involved fatalities, but a

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Negative Affective Responses to Stress among Urban Police Officers: A General Strain Theory Approach – 2018

The larger literature on police stress indicates that much of their stress emanates from two sources: organizational and environmental. These sources coexist in officers’ lives but function differently across police agencies. Officer experiences with stress also tend to lead to emotional reactions, some of which can be negative and increase

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Police and mental health responses to mental health crisis in the Waikato region of New Zealand – 2018-02

New Zealand police report a high level of involvement with people in mental health crisis, something that has been reported in the international literature in recent decades. Involvement of police represents a coercive pathway to care and is likely to be associated with use of force. The aim of this

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Police Officer Toolkit: PTSD and Military Veterans – 2017

The purpose of this toolkit is to assist police officers, or those who train police officers, to more effectively interact with Veterans who have posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. Using the techniques described in this toolkit may increase the likelihood that you can help Veterans with PTSD gain control of

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Police officers, mental (ill-)health and spoiled identity – 2018

This article considers the processes through which some police officers with mental ill-health experience stigmatization in police organizations. Situated in the sociological framework of Goffman and in modified labelling theory, it draws on the findings of a qualitative study and examines the sources of stigma embedded in police work, the

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Policing When Faced with Resistance: When to Use De-Escalation Tactics – 2018

As an officer, have you ever been challenged and backed down from an incident even when you knew you were in the right? Have you ever un-arrested someone? Have you ever not served a warrant, even though you believed you had the wanted person? I have done these things, and

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Provincial Approach to Community Safety and Well-being – 2015-11-17

MCSCS has been working with its inter-ministerial, policing and community partners on the development of the Provincial Approach. This work support multi-sectoral, collaborative relationships between local organizations/agencies to enhance the effectiveness of service delivery and community safety and well-being overall. Provincial Approach to Community Safety and Well-being – 2015-11-17

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