‘The right thing to do’: Fostering social inclusion for mental health service users through acts of citizenship [2018]

The theoretical framework of citizenship is increasingly being used in mental health settings to inform practice. This exploratory qualitative study describes in more detail the acts of citizenship embedded in the everyday practices of mental health workers that promote the social inclusion of people in their care. Acts make a

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“Just as Canadian as Anyone Else”? Experiences of Second-Class Citizenship and the Mental Health of Young Immigrant and Refugee Men in Canada – 2017

In recent years, the experiences of immigrant and refugee young men have drawn attention worldwide. Human-induced environmental disasters, local and global conflicts, and increasingly inequitable distributions of wealth have shaped transnational migration patterns. Canada is home to a large immigrant and refugee population, particularly in its urban areas, and supporting

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A Literature Review on the Experience of Long-Term Mental Illness – 2018-02

Purpose: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. Design: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950–2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. Findings: Twenty-five research papers and nine

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A Review of Measures of Aggregate Mental Health Costs in Canada – 2018

Since 2000, 5 studies have been published that each purported to estimate aggregate national mental health costs in Canada. Each of these studies used a different method. Our aim was to compare the studies, and we created a framework for the different elements used to assess mental health costs (direct

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A Systematic Review of Interventions to Improve Initiation of Mental Health Care Among Racial-Ethnic Minority Groups – 2018

Objective: The objective of this systematic review was to identify interventions to improve the initiation of mental health care among racial-ethnic minority groups. Methods: The authors searched three electronic databases in February 2016 and independently assessed eligibility of 2,065 titles and abstracts on the basis of three criteria: the study

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An investigation of predictors of mental health in single men and women experiencing homelessness in three Canadian cities – 2018

Homelessness is related to poorer mental health, yet, there is limited understanding of the predictors of mental health of men and women experiencing homelessness. To support service providers in identifying individuals who might be at particular risk of poor mental health, this study investigated the predictors of mental health in

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Applying a prevention framework to address homelessness as a population health issue [2018]

This paper presents a population health framework for homelessness prevention. Rooted in the Los Angeles County Homeless Initiative, the framework includes strategies that affect social determinants of health that influence a broad range of health outcomes prevalent among the homeless. For each prevention level, we consider the purpose of prevention,

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Association between social support and mental health conditions in treatment-seeking Veterans and Canadian Armed Forces personnel – 2018

Introduction: Despite limited research on the topic, it has been observed that military members face unique challenges with social support. Methods: The current study used data provided by treatment-seeking Veterans and Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members (N=666) to: (1) determine whether symptomatology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression (MDD), anxiety,

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Best Advice Guide: Social Determinants of Health – The College of Family Physicians of Canada – 2015-03

This practical guide provides family physicians with concrete steps on how to consider and improve patients’ social determinants of health (SDoH). The document provides a background on the social determinants of health, and a practical component with suggested clinical, community, and population-level interventions. Best Advice Guide: Social Determinants of Health

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Can a Connection to Culture Reduce Mental Illness Symptoms and Risk for Future Violence? [2018]

Recent policy initiatives and service provider strategic frameworks from the state of Victoria have highlighted intentions to invest in culturally safe practices for justice‐involved Indigenous individuals. However, the culturally themed frameworks and protocols presented by health and justice organisations appear to be largely underpinned by theoretical and/or anecdotal evidence. This

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Childhood socioeconomic position and adult mental wellbeing: Evidence from four British birth cohort studies [2017]

Background There is much evidence showing that childhood socioeconomic position is associated with physical health in adulthood; however existing evidence on how early life disadvantage is associated with adult mental wellbeing is inconsistent. This paper investigated whether childhood socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with adult mental wellbeing and to what

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Criminal history and social disadvantage as predictors of the severity of violent offending – 2018

Lethal violence is often seen as the tip of the iceberg and homicide perpetrators are seen as manifesting the most extreme number of various risk factors. This article explores whether that is the case. Using a unique data set combining data from several administrative registers with a nationally representative sample

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Declining mental health among disadvantaged Americans [2018]

Significance In the past few years, references to the opioid epidemic, drug poisonings, and associated feelings of despair among Americans, primarily working-class whites, have flooded the media, and related patterns of mortality have been of increasing interest to social scientists. Yet, despite recurring references to distress or despair in journalistic

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Determinants of self-reported mental health and utilization of mental health services in Canada [2017]

Research evidence suggests that the prevalence of mental health conditions in Canada has increased while a considerable percentage of people with a mental health issue do not seek professional mental health services. Weighted logistic regression models were used to determine whether age, sex, income, and education predict the self-reported mental

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Does food security predict poor mental health? – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess food security as a risk factor in the development of poor mental health among younger populations in the USA over an eight-year period using a nationally representative cross-sectional sample. Design/methodology/approach Using data from individuals who participated in the National Health and

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Ex-Prisoners with Mental Illness, Substance Abuse Have 12-Fold Risk of Injury – 2018

People released from prison who struggle with both mental illness and substance use problems are 12 times more likely to sustain an injury compared to those in the general public, according to a new Australian study published in the journal The Lancet. Researcher Jesse Young from the Centre for Mental

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Examining All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality among Former Prisoners in Pennsylvania [2018]

Former prisoners have a higher than expected risk of death following release from incarceration. However, little is known about the specific risk factors for post-release mortality among former prisoners. The current study uses a unique set of measures obtained from administrative records from Pennsylvania to examine demographic, custodial, behavioral, and

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Experience of Child–Parent Separation and Later Risk of Violent Criminality [2018]

Introduction Separation from a parent during childhood has been linked with heightened longer-term violence risk, but it remains unclear how this relationship varies by gender, separation subgroup, and age at separation. This phenomenon was investigated by examining a wide array of child–parent separation scenarios. Methods National cohort study including individuals

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Factors associated with health service utilisation for common mental disorders: a systematic review [2018]

Background There is a large treatment gap for common mental disorders (CMD), with wide variation by world region. This review identifies factors associated with formal health service utilisation for CMD in the general adult population, and compares evidence from high-income countries (HIC) with that from low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC). Methods We

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Factors Influencing Mental Health and Criminal Justice Involvement – Bridging the Gap Between Two Sectors by Addressing the Social Determinants of Health

Five social determinants of health (income and employment; housing; education; discrimination; and social inclusion) and how they impact mental health and criminal justice involvement will be outlined. Promising practices and an expert panel discussion on future opportunities for system change and next steps will follow with an opportunity for questions. Factors Influencing

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Fear and Distrust Within the Canadian Welfare System: Experiences of People With Mental Illness [2018]

While experiences of fear and distrust have been documented as a part of recipients’ interactions with disability benefits, there have been few attempts to explore how they are shaped by system features and their impact on employment pursuits. The purpose of this article is to unpack how fear and distrust

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Financial concerns and symptom distress among psychiatric outpatients [2018]

Purpose While epidemiological studies have linked economic hardship and financial difficulties with psychological distress and suicide, investigation of financial concerns among users of public mental health services has been limited. Moreover, empirical data regarding a relationship between financial difficulties and mental health symptoms are lacking. The purpose of this paper

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Financial insecurity and risk experiences of justice involved persons with severe mental illness [2017]

More information is needed about the financial experiences of justice-involved persons with severe mental illness. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to examine the financial resources, financial risk experiences, and financial literacy of a random sample of 12 mental health court participants. Mental health court participants had limited financial resources,

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Five Challenges of Designing Disability Income Support for People with Mental Illnesses: A Qualitative Case Study of Australia and Ontario – 2018

In most disability income support (DIS) programs, mental illnesses is the fastest growing category of illness, but it is unknown how policy designers consider this vulnerable group. Forty-five DIS policy designers in Australia and Ontario explained how they consider mental illnesses when designing policy. Using a grounded theory approach, five

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Food Insecurity and Mental Health Status: A Global Analysis of 149 Countries [2017]

Introduction This study sought to determine the association of individual-level food insecurity (FI) with mental health status across all global regions. Methods Cross-sectional data were analyzed in 2016 from the 2014 Gallup World Poll, a series of globally implemented, nationally representative surveys. FI was assessed using the Food Insecurity Experience

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