“As soon as people hear that word…”: associative stigma among clinicians working with people with serious mental illness – 2018

Purpose Stigma by association occurs when members affiliated with a marginalized group become discredited themselves. This qualitative study explored associative stigma among mental health (MH) clinicians working with individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness. Design/methodology/approach Forty-seven eligible service providers completed an online qualitative study, with open-ended questions about areas touching

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“As soon as people hear that word…”: associative stigma among clinicians working with people with serious mental illness – 2018

Purpose Stigma by association occurs when members affiliated with a marginalized group become discredited themselves. The purpose of this paper is to explore associative stigma among mental health (MH) clinicians working with individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI). Design/methodology/approach In total, 47 eligible service providers completed an online qualitative

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“He acted like a crazy person”: Exploring the influence of college students’ recall of stereotypic media representations of mental illness – 2018

Nearly half of all U.S. adults will be diagnosed with a mental illness at some point in their developmental trajectory, and college students may be particularly vulnerable to experience mental distress. Despite its prevalence, public perception about mental illness remains obscured by misinformation and social stigma. Scholars have long recognized

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A Literature Review on the Experience of Long-Term Mental Illness – 2018-02

Purpose: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. Design: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950–2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. Findings: Twenty-five research papers and nine

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A qualitative study: experiences of stigma by people with mental health problems – 2018

Objectives Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. Design An in-depth qualitative study was conducted

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Adapting Disclosure Programs to Reduce the Stigma of Mental Illness – 2018

A 2016 report from the National Academy of Sciences describes strategies that reduce the stigma of mental illness. Prominent among these are contact between people with and without mental illness and strategic disclosure for lessening both public and self-stigma. The report also recognizes the complexity of stigma in the realm

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An Exploration of Emergency Physicians’ Attitudes Toward Patients With Substance Use Disorder – 2018

Objectives: Much is known about some healthcare professionals’ attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders, but few studies have specifically looked at emergency department (ED) physicians. Individuals with substance use disorders are more likely to be people who chronically, frequently use the ED, and thus ED physicians are in a

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Attitudes to personality disorder of staff working in high-security and medium-security hospitals – 2017

The discourse surrounding personality disorder is largely negative, and the diagnosis is considered to be associated with a degree of stigma. This study aimed to investigate staff attitudes towards personality disorder in high-security and medium-security forensic–psychiatric hospitals in the UK. The Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 132

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Belonging and exclusion in the lives of young people with intellectual disability in small town communities – 2018

In recent policies, it is assumed that communities welcome the inclusion of young people with intellectual disability. However, little is known about perspectives of young people themselves. This article reports on research that sought to address this gap. Young people with intellectual disability living in three Australian small town communities

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Breaking Down Walls, Building Bridges: Professional Stigma Management in Mental Health Care – 2018-02

Though most mental health care today occurs in community settings, including primary care, research on mental illness stigma tends to focus on hospitalization or severe mental illness. While stigma negatively impacts the health of those with a range of mental problems, relatively little research examines how providers work with clients

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Communication Strategies to Counter Stigma and Improve Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorder Policy – 2018

Despite the high burden and poor rates of treatment associated with mental illness and substance use disorders, public support for allocating resources to improving treatment for these disorders is low. A growing body of research suggests that effective policy communication strategies can increase public support for policies benefiting people with

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Destigmatizing Mental Illness: An Innovative Evidence-Based Undergraduate Curriculum – 2018-01

Stigma toward individuals with mental illness is prevalent, not only in society but also among nurses caring for this population. Such stigma contributes to health disparities, discrimination, and a lack of providers working with those who experience mental illness. An evidence-based anti-stigma curriculum innovation in a mental health nursing course

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Educational intervention to decrease stigmatizing attitudes of undergraduate nurses towards people with mental illness – 2017-03

Health professionals can hold stigmatizing views about people with mental illness. In addition to being discriminatory, these beliefs cause anxiety that can affect learning in the clinical environment. A review of an undergraduate nursing curriculum introduced the Modern Apprenticeship curriculum model and provided an opportunity for an educational intervention designed

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Effect of direct and indirect contact with mental illness on dangerousness and social distance – 2017

Background: This study is based on the contact hypothesis that contact with mental illness is the most effective anti-stigma strategy. Aims: This study aims to analyze which form of contact can most effectively decrease the dangerousness and social distance associated with schizophrenia, depression and alcoholism. Method: In total, 573 Korean

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Examining the Impact of This Is My Brave on Mental Illness Stigma and Willingness to Seek Help: A Pilot Study – 2018

This Is My Brave (TIMB) is a contact-based mental illness stigma reduction program, set in theaters, meant to reduce stigma, increase beliefs about empowerment and recovery, and improve attitudes towards treatment seeking for mental health concerns. The authors conducted the first empirical evaluation of TIMB using a pre-post survey design.

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Experiences of Autism Acceptance and Mental Health in Autistic Adults – 2017

Mental health difficulties are highly prevalent in individuals on the autism spectrum. The current study examined how experiences and perceptions of autism acceptance could impact on the mental health of autistic adults. 111 adults on the autism spectrum completed an online survey examining their experiences of autism acceptance, along with

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Factors influencing the level of self-stigmatisation in people with mental illness – 2018

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess sociodemographic factors and factors connected with treatment of mental illness and to decide whether they can influence the level of self-stigma. Method: Sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, family status, level of employment, level of education) and characteristics related to illness and treatment

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Forensic psychiatric experiences, stigma, and self-concept: a mixed-methods study – 2018-01-15

This study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate stigma experiences and self-concepts of individuals with both mental illness and criminal histories. The full sample of participants completed self-report measures of self-concept related to mental illness, race, and criminal history, and a brief qualitative self-concept measure. A subsample of participants completed

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Here’s A New Year’s Resolution: Stop Using The Word ‘Crazy’ – 2017-12-29

Many of us spent the holidays engaged in conversations with family, friends, colleagues and loved ones. Many of these conversations were likely light-hearted, others serious and challenging, and some were even jokes no doubt. And how many of these conversations involved the words “crazy” or “insane?” Often we use these

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How News Reports About Violence Reinforce Stigma – Psychology Today – 2018-03-04

“A schizophrenic homeless man who once threatened President Trump and Hillary Clinton was arrested for swinging a machete in Times Square — one of five blades he was carrying, cops said Friday.” This sentence from a recent article in a tabloid newspaper is typical of what is seen in news

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Impact of a Nursing in Psychiatry Course on Students’ Attitudes Toward Mental Health Disorders – 2018

Negative attitudes toward patients with mental illnesses are not uncommon among health professionals, and lead to poorer quality and outcomes of care. Because attitudes are formed early in life, the current study aimed to investigate if teaching psychiatry in secondary school nursing students (i.e., adolescents) changes attitudes toward three prevalent

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Involuntary hospitalization, stigma stress and suicidality: a longitudinal study – 2018

People with severe mental illness and a history of involuntary hospitalization may experience stigma-related stress and suffer negative consequences as a result. However, the long-term impact of stigma stress on suicidality in this population remains unknown. This longitudinal study therefore examined stigma stress, self-stigma, self-esteem and suicidal ideation among 186

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Law enforcement officers’ perceptions of and responses to traumatic events: a survey of officers completing Crisis Intervention Team training – 2018

Law enforcement officers work in ever-changing and sometimes stressful environments. However, to date, little research has been conducted on officers’ perceptions of, and responses to, stressful and traumatic events. We surveyed 575 officers in Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training regarding such perceptions and responses. Results indicate that many officers have

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Measuring Mental Health Provider-Based Stigma: Development and Initial Psychometric Testing of a Self-Assessment Instrument – 2018-01

This article describes the development and initial psychometric testing of the Mental Health Provider Self-Assessment of Stigma Scale (MHPSASS), a 20-item instrument crafted in reflection of Charles’ (Social Work in Mental Health 11:360–375, 2013) empirically derived, experience-based, five-themed model of provider stigmatization. Following model and item review by construct experts,

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Measuring Recurring Stigma in the Lives of Individuals with Mental Illness – 2018-01

We present an exploratory factor analysis of the 8-item Daily Indignities of Mental Illness (DIMI) scale, created to measure the detection and perceptions of recurring stigma among individuals with recent psychiatric hospitalizations. Structured in-person interviews were conducted with individuals with recent psychiatric hospitalizations in metropolitan New York. The 8-item DIMI

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