Aim:
The research sought to enhance professional understanding of the violence perpetrated by some people with an intellectual disability.

Background:
The violent behaviour exhibited by some people with intellectual disabilities remains poorly understood, particularly with regard to a clear and informative definition.

Design:
A qualitative study investigated the views and perceptions of professionals working directly with people with an intellectual disability in different settings.

Methods:
Twenty-two semi-structured interviews were undertaken with professionals from a variety of backgrounds, and four themes were generated through data analysis.

Findings:
Themes produced comprised the degree of intellectual disability, impulsivity, intentionality and unpredictability. Findings indicated tension between understanding violence as purposeful and explaining it in relation to the intellectual disability and/or additional conditions.

Conclusion:
Intellectual disability is central to understanding the impact of the other three themes, though there is a professional reluctance to use such knowledge as evidence to inform practice.

Andrew Lovell, Joanne Skellern
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, December 18, 2017
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1744629517747161