Are We Acute-Care or Recovery-Oriented? Exploring Ideals and Practices Expressed Within the Substance Use Treatment and Correctional Systems [2020]

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore whether treatment and probation professionals describe ideals and practices more aligned with the recovery-oriented systems of care (ROSC) model or the acute-care model. Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews were used to gather qualitative data on the ideals and practices of nine probation professionals and nine treatment professionals. Results: Directed content analysis revealed that all treatment professionals interviewed and eight out of nine probation professionals described more ideals and practices in line with the ROSC model than those in line with the acute-care model. Of all the meaning units coded for model alignment, 81.7% aligned with ROSC and 18.3% with acute care. Of the meaning units coded as ROSC, 51.4% were from treatment professionals and 48.6% from probation professionals. Of the meaning units coded as acute care, 30.2% came from treatment professionals and 69.8% from probation professionals. In building a ROSC, it seems the concern is less about buy in for recovery-oriented characteristics and more about shedding characteristics of the acute-care model. Although professionals have many ideals and practices in line with the ROSC model, some acute-care characteristics linger and could continue to exist without intervention.

Stacy R. Conner & Jared R. Anderson
Substance Use & Misuse, 12 Aug 2020