This study compared two vocational programs: the About Face Vocational Program (AFVP), a traditional group-based vocational program created for formerly incarcerated veterans, and a hybrid program combining the AFVP with principles of individual placement and support–supported employment.
The study evaluated 111 veterans with at least one felony conviction who had a mental illness, substance use disorder, or both. Veterans were randomly assigned to either vocational condition.
Veterans in the hybrid condition, compared with the AFVP alone, were more likely to find employment, had higher rates of full-time employment, and earned significantly more money over the course of the study. A comparison of only participants who found employment showed higher rates of full-time employment for veterans in the hybrid condition but similarities between the two groups in other measures of employment success.
Blended models of vocational services for veterans with mental illness, substance use disorders, or both are effective at returning formerly incarcerated veterans to competitive employment.
James P. LePage, Ph.D., April M. Crawford, M.S., Daisha J. Cipher, Ph.D., Kemol Anderson, M.S., Avery Rock, M.S., Julie A. Parish Johnson, M.S., Edward L. Washington, B.A., Lisa Ottomanelli, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services, 12 May 2020