Complex Systems Approaches to Understand Drivers of Mental Health and Inform Mental Health Policy: A Systematic Review [2018]

We conducted a systematic review of studies employing complex systems approaches (i.e., agent based and system dynamics models) to understand drivers of mental health and inform mental health policy. We extracted key data (e.g., purpose, design, data) for each study and provide a narrative synthesis of insights generated across studies. The studies investigated drivers and policy intervention strategies across a diversity of mental health outcomes. Based on these studies and the extant literature, we propose a typology of mental health research and policy areas that may benefit from complex systems approaches.

Brent A. Langellier, Yong Yang, Jonathan Purtle, Katherine L. Nelson, Ivana Stankov, Ana V. Diez Roux
Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, March 2019, Volume 46, Issue 2