Development of a coping model for work‐related fear among staff working in emergency department in Finland – study for nursing and medical staff [2019]

The emergency department is a workplace where the staff regularly encounter new challenges and factors that can cause fear. The aim of this study was to describe coping with work‐related fear among emergency department staff. The study explains the current coping methods of emergency department staff and the requirement for support as well as the availability of support. A coping model for work‐related fear was also developed and will be presented. The study was conducted using a survey developed specifically for this study, which included the Brief COPE Inventory. The study was conducted in 16 hospitals (N = 544) among the doctors, nurses, practical nurses, and orderlies of the emergency departments. The results were analysed using statistical methods such as frequencies, cross‐tabulation, principal component analysis and binary logistic regression analysis. All values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. The results showed that nearly all of the emergency department personnel had experienced work‐related fear. Most of the respondents to the survey would have wanted more support, professional help, preventive action and more resources for the emergency department. The emergency department staff had used several coping methods to cope with fear. The most commonly used coping methods were problem‐focused coping and social support. Based on the results of the study, it is possible to increase the availability of coping methods and further develop the existing coping methods.

Riitta Mikkola PhD Heini Huhtala MSc Eija Paavilainen PhD
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 08 February 2019