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Evaluation of a Program Model for Minimizing Restraint and Seclusion [2018]

This study conducted a longitudinal evaluation of an organizational change effort to minimize restraint and seclusion within a behavioral healthcare facility that serves at-risk and high-risk clients with intellectual, developmental, and psychiatric disabilities, using a context, input, process, and product model. The change effort was developed and implemented at an agency in the mid-Atlantic region of the USA that provided a continuum of care to children and adults in residential, educational, and home settings. There was a 99% decrease in restraint frequency, a 97% decrease in staff injury from a restraint, a 64% decrease in client-induced staff injury, and an increase in client goal mastery 133% from 2003 to 2016. Trauma-informed, less restrictive treatment methods provided safer treatment for individuals with a variety of disabilities, while increasing mastery of individualized goals. It also saved the organization over $16 million in lost time expenses, turnover costs, and workers’ compensation policy costs.

Jason H. Craig, Kimberly L. Sanders
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders, December 2018, Volume 2, Issue 4
DOI
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