Home visit nurses (HVNs) are crucial in psychiatric home visit nursing (PHVN) in Japan. However, little is known about violence toward HVNs in PHVN and non–PHVN settings. The current study aimed to clarify nurses’ experiences of violence in these settings, their implementation of preventive measures, and related associations. Questionnaires were distributed to HVNs who provided PHVN and non–PHVN services. Sixty-nine (38%) of 184 participants had experienced at least one form of violence during the past 12 months, and 87 (47%) had experienced violence during their PHVN career. In non–PHVN settings, violence was experienced by 94 (51%) participants in the past 12 months and 119 (65%) participants during their career. Low use of preventive measures was found. The management of visiting schedules and confirmation of HVNs’ locations during visits were negatively associated with exposure to violence in PHVN settings. It is important to promote measures to prevent high exposure to violence, emphasize the monitoring of visits, and have nursing agencies clarify HVNs’ concerns in PHVN settings.
Hirokazu Fujimoto, PhD, RN, PHN; Chieko Greiner, PhD, RN, PHN; Misato Hirota, MS, RN, PHN; Yuko Yamaguchi, MS, RN, PHN; Hirochika Ryuno, PhD, RN, PHN; Takeshi Hashimoto, PhD, MD
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 2018