GoFAR: improving attention, behavior and adaptive functioning in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Brief report [2018]

Objective: This brief report describes the GoFAR intervention designed to improve attention, behavior, and adaptive functioning in children with FASD, ages 5 to 10 years.

Methods: Thirty children were randomized to one of three conditions: GoFAR; FACELAND, and CONTROL; 25 completed the interventions. Over 10 sessions children and caregivers learned a metacognitive strategy (FAR) designed to improve cognitive control of behavior and adaptive functioning and practiced it during behavior analog therapy. Attention, behavior problems, and adaptive skills were measured pre- and post-intervention.

Results: From pre- to post-testing the GoFAR intervention group improved on the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA). Both intervention groups improved in Daily Living Skills.

Conclusion: This pilot study demonstrated that children with FASD and their caregivers benefit from a focused intervention designed to improve effortful control of behavior. The study suggests the need for a larger clinical trial to evaluate the intervention’s effectiveness.

Claire D. Coles, Julie A. Kable, Elles Taddeo & Dorothy Strickland
Developmental Neurorehabilitation, Volume 21, 2018