Background: The aim of the present study was to conduct a systematic review to identify documented mental health promotion interventions developed and tested among population-based older adults. Methods: A systematic review based on PRISMA guidelines. The literature was searched in PsycINFO and PubMed between June and September 2016. The Effective Public Health Practice Project tool was used to assess the quality of the included study. Results: In total 53 randomized controlled trial studies qualified for the systematic review. Across studies, three types of common conceptual themes emerged for interventions, including: 1) individual characteristics; 2) content and structure of the interventions; and 3) implementation of the interventions. Conclusions: No specific interventions could be recommended on the aforementioned basis. We conclude that a number of factors are of central importance for an intervention to have the desired effect. If these factors are considered, mental health can be successfully promoted among older adults.
Janni Niclasen, Lisbeth Lund, Carsten Obel, Lars Larsen
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, May 20, 2018