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Research Priorities for Optimizing Long-term Community Integration after Brain Injury [2018]

Objective
This paper reports on a funded summit, which convened a multidisciplinary group of experts to provide consensus on the research priorities necessary for improving long-term community integration of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their caregivers.

Methods
The 2-day summit was directed using the World Café Methodology, to engage stakeholders and collaboratively arrive at a consensus on the problems to be targeted in research. Participants (n=54), drawn from two Canadian provinces, included an interdisciplinary group of researchers, clinicians, representatives from brain injury associations, individuals with TBI, and caregivers. In small groups, participants discussed challenges to long-term community integration and potential initiatives that would address these barriers. Field notes from the discussions were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results
The consensus on prioritized research directions included developing interventions to optimize the functioning and participation of individuals with TBI, reducing caregiver burden, and evaluating how emerging technology can facilitate delivery of care.

Conclusions
The World Café Methodology was an effective method for developing research priorities. The breadth of expertise of participants and the collegial environment allowed for the identification of a broad perspective on important future research directions with potential to enhance the long-term community integration of individuals with brain injury.

Emily J. Nalder, Karl Zabjek, Deirdre R. Dawson, Carolina L. Bottari, Isabelle Gagnon, Bradford J. McFadyen, Anne W. Hunt, Suzanne McKenna, Marie-Christine Ouellet, Sylvain Giroux, Nora Cullen, Ewa Niechwiej-Szwedo and ONF-REPAR ABI Team

Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 12 October 2018

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