‘Care Under Pressure’: a realist review of interventions to tackle doctors’ mental ill-health and its impacts on the clinical workforce and patient care – 2018

Introduction Mental ill-health is prevalent across all groups of health professionals and this is of great concern in many countries. In the UK, the mental health of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce is a major healthcare issue, leading to presenteeism, absenteeism and loss of staff from the workforce. Most

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“Risk It Out, Risk It Out”: Occupational and Organizational Stresses in Rural Policing – 2018

In rural areas, police experience unique work-related health and safety risks attributable to a multitude of factors, ranging from inaccessible backup to navigating inclement weather alongside geographic obstacles. Although the result of institutional and organizational structures, operational (job content) and organizational (job context) risk must be recontextualized in the rural

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Burnout Among Direct-Care Workers in Nursing Homes: Influences of Organizational, Work Place, Interpersonal, and Personal Characteristics – 2018-01-10

Aims and Objectives The many negative effects of burnout have prompted researchers to better understand the factors contributing to it. The purpose of this paper is to add to this body of knowledge through the study of burnout among direct care workers (DCWs) in nursing homes (NH). Background Perhaps the

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Burnout symptoms in forensic mental health nurses: Results from a longitudinal study [2018]

Burnout in nursing staff is a major cause for turnover and absenteeism. Identifying risk and protective factors may be helpful in decreasing burnout symptoms. Moreover, research indicates that ambulatory assessments of the autonomic nervous system might be helpful in detecting long‐term stress and burnout symptoms. One hundred and ten forensic

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Burnout symptoms in forensic psychiatric nurses and their associations with personality, emotional intelligence and client aggression: A cross‐sectional study [2018]

What is known on the subject?Client aggression in forensic psychiatry is associated with burnout symptoms in nursing staff. It is unclear what mechanisms contribute to this relationship.The type and severity of aggression might be of importance in the association between client aggression and burnout symptoms, but also the personality characteristics

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Burnout symptoms in forensic psychiatric nurses and their associations with personality, emotional intelligence, and client aggression: a cross sectional study [2018]

Introduction Aggressive behaviour of forensic clients is associated with burnout symptoms in nursing staff. The role of staff characteristics as moderators is unclear. Aim We explored the association of type and severity of aggressive behaviour as experienced by nursing staff and staff’s burnout symptoms. In addition, the moderating roles of

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Compassion fatigue and substance use among nurses – 2018

Aim This study aimed to detect if there were differences in compassion fatigue (CF) among nurses based on substance use and demographic variables of gender, marital status, type of health institution and income. Background Compassion fatigue is considered an outcome of poorly handled stressful situations in which nurses may respond

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Conceptualization, Assessment, and Treatment of Traumatic Stress in First Responders: A Review of Critical Issues [2018]

First responders are regularly confronted with exposure to traumatic events, including potentially life-threatening situations as well as the grave injuries and deaths of colleagues and civilians. Evidence indicates that the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is substantially higher among first responders than the general population. This article provides information

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Correctional Officers in Canada: Interpreting Workplace Violence – 2018

The potential for violence in prison shapes how correctional officers (COs) carry out their work. Yet, how provincial COs experience violence remains understudied. Using theoretical insights from the literature on workplace violence in caring and service occupations, we analyze observational data and interviews conducted with COs in eastern Canada. We

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Correlates of burnout among professionals working with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities [2018]

Background Although burnout has been recognised as an important stress‐related problem among staff working with people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), literature on the subject is limited yet emerging. The aim of this study is twofold: (1) to evaluate the level of burnout within different professions working with IDD;

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Cross-sectional study on nurses’ attitudes regarding coercive measures: the importance of socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction, and strategies for coping with stress – 2018

Background Coercive measures are containment methods used in psychiatry to curb patients’ disruptive and aggressive behaviours towards themselves, others or objects. The prevalence of the practice of coercive measures in psychiatry is directly related to the attitudes of the staff. When discussing these attitudes, nurses are often particularly singled out.

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Degree of Anger During Anger-Generating Situations Among Psychiatric Staff Nurses: Association Between Nurses’ Attitudes Toward Service Users’ Aggression and Confidence in Intervening in Aggressive Situations [2018]

Some situations require psychiatric staff nurses to respond to service users’ negativity or aggression. As a result, psychiatric staff nurses may experience anger. The current study examined how anger levels of psychiatric staff nurses triggered by anger-generating situations by service users affected nurses’ confidence and attitudes. A questionnaire survey was

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Dispositional Mindfulness Moderates the Relationship Between Occupational Stressors and Perceived Stress Among Law Enforcement Personnel [2018]

Law enforcement personnel (LEPs) experience occupational stressors that can result in poor health outcomes and have a negative impact on the communities they serve. Dispositional mindfulness, or receptive awareness and attention to present moment experience, has been shown to negatively predict perceived stress and to moderate the relationship between stressors

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Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

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Does Work Stress Change Personalities? Working in Prison as a Personality-Changing Factor Among Correctional Officers – 2018

The study uses Behavioral Tendencies Scales tests to examine how employment as a correctional officer affects personality change, particularly neuroticism. We found a significant and conclusive increase in the neuroticism factor among correctional officers and a significant decrease in the comparison groups, as well as higher levels of neuroticism among

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Efficacy of exposure-based cognitive behaviour therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder in emergency service personnel: a randomised clinical trial [2018]

Background Although emergency service personnel experience markedly elevated the rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there are no rigorously conducted trials for PTSD in this population. This study assessed the efficacy of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for PTSD in emergency service personnel, and examined if brief exposure (CBT-B) to trauma

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Emergency Medical Service Personnel’s Risk From Violence While Serving the Community [2017]

Objectives. To determine the risks of violence-related injury among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in the United States. Methods. We analyzed 1630 violence-related occupational injury cases reported to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for the years 2012 to 2015 and conducted secondary searches within the Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Emotional Labour of Caregivers Confronted With Aggressive Brain-injured Patients – 2018

Highlights • Emotional labour of caregivers who take care of aggressive brain-injured patients is explored. • Emotional labour depends on the supposed “consciousness” of the patient about their aggressive behaviors. • The social representations could constitute knowledge for dealing with situations and impacting their emotional regulation. • Suppressing emotions in

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Empathy and feelings of guilt experienced by nurses: A cross-sectional study of their role in burnout and compassion fatigue symptoms [2017]

Aims The main goal of this study was to explore the relationships between empathy, empathy-based pathogenic guilt and professional quality of life (burnout and compassion fatigue). We aim to test a model in which we hypothesize that when empathic feelings are related to pathogenic guilt, burnout and compassion fatigue symptoms

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Experiences of burnout among drug counselors in a large opioid treatment program: A qualitative investigation – 2018

Background: Little is known about possible experiences of burnout among drug counselors in opioid treatment programs that are scaling up capacity to address the current opioid treatment gap. Methods: Participants in this quality improvement study were 31 drug counselors employed by large opioid treatment programs whose treatment capacities were expanding.

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First responder mental healthcare: Evidence-based prevention, postvention, and treatment [2018]

Recent national tragedies of hurricanes, mass shootings, gun violence in schools, wild fires, and mudslides have drawn our attention to the trauma of affected individuals and schoolchildren, but less to the stressors of first responders. While commonly regaled as “heroes,” responders face a scarcity of systemic and tailored mental health

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Generating a Core Set of Outcomes for Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs [2018]

Hospital-based violence intervention programs (HVIPs) engage individuals who have experienced violent victimization in postmedical care programming, with the goal of reducing the incidence and impact of future injuries. Although there is some empirical support for HVIPs’ impact on violence and crime-related outcomes, proper impact assessment is limited by a lack

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Hidden trauma victims: Understanding and preventing traumatic stress in mental health professionals [2017]

Mental health professionals, including social workers, are often exposed to the traumatic experiences of clients in their work with victims of violence, crime, and disaster. Given their empathetic engagement with traumatized victims, they may experience severe emotional reactions such as terror, grief, and rage. Empirical evidence identifies these emotional reactions

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Impact of Workplace Violence Against Nurses’ Thriving at Work, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Intention:A Cross-sectional Study – 2018

Aims and objectives We investigated the inter-relationships between workplace violence (WPV), thriving at work, and turnover intention among Chinese nurses and explored the action mechanism among these variables. Background WPV is a dangerous occupational hazard globally, and it is pervasive in the health service industry. As a corollary, WPV may

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Is the amount of exposure to aggressive challenging behaviour related to staff work-related well-being in intellectual disability services? Evidence from a clustered research design [2018]

Highlights• There was little relationship between exposure to aggressive CB and staff well-being. • Clustering was evident for emotional exhaustion and positive work motivation. • Comparisons between staff who work in settings with and without aggressive CB are needed. Abstract Background Previous research has demonstrated an association between aggressive challenging behaviour (CB) and

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