Sexuality in People Living with a Serious Mental Illness: A Meta‐synthesis of Qualitative Evidence [2020]

Introduction
Sexuality‐related nursing care is scarce and mainly focuses on biological issues. There is also a lack of knowledge about how serious mental illnesses affect sexuality.

Aim
To explain how people with a serious mental illness perceive and experience their sexuality.

Method
A meta‐synthesis was conducted to integrate qualitative studies. Four databases were used to perform the search, focused in the last ten years. Nine articles were included, and their results analysed thematically.

Results
Four categories were identified: “Pathologized sexuality”, which explains how the disorder and treatment affect sexuality; “Not my sexuality anymore”, which describes feelings emerging from the perceived limitations and the role of self‐acceptance; “Learning to manage intimate relationships”, which explains the desire to establish intimate personal relationships and define their meaning; and “Reconstructing my sexuality”, which elucidates the influence of the environment on sexuality.

Discussion
Sexuality is influenced by several factors, the main ones being: the clinical complications, the side effects of drug treatment, the social support, the relationship with the health sector, and stigma.

Implications for Practice
Having a serious mental illness affects sexuality and can provoke suffering and social isolation. Mental health services should address this issue and carry out community interventions to reduce stigma.

Roger Hortal‐Mas, Antonio Rafael Moreno‐Poyato, Nina granel‐giménez, Maria roviralta‐vilella, Carolina Watson‐Badia, Rebeca Gómez‐Ibáñez, Mariela Patricia Aguayo‐González, David Giménez‐Díez, Maria Dolores Bernabeu‐Tamayo, Juan Manuel Leyva‐Moral
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 12 October 2020
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