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Stigmatization of Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders and their Families: a Scoping Study [2019]

Introduction
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families may experience high rates of stigmatization, including self-stigma, public stigma, stigma through association, and structural stigma.

Methods
We conducted a scoping review of peer-reviewed publications to identify, describe, and summarize existing literature related to stigma and ASD.

Results
Twenty-five articles met our inclusion criteria, including 14 qualitative, 9 quantitative, and 1 mixed method studies and 1 meta-synthesis. Four emergent themes include social perceptions of ASD, social isolation, well-being and responses to stigma, and stigma reduction.

Discussion
Knowledge generated from this scoping review provides an overview of the influence that stigma may have on individuals with ASD and their families. Further research directions are suggested to address structural stigma and community inclusion.

Rinita Mazumder & Sandra Thompson-Hodgetts
Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, March 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1
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