The Effects of the Growing Pro-Social Program on Early Maladaptive Schemas and Schema-Related Emotions in Male Young Offenders: A Nonrandomized Trial [2020]

This study aimed to test the effects of a 25-session version of the Growing Pro-Social (GPS-25) program over schemas and schema-related emotions in male young offenders. Participants included 123 youth aged between 14 and 19 years, placed in eight Portuguese detention facilities. Youth were allocated to receive GPS (n = 63) or treatment as usual (n = 60), and answered a self-report measure assessing schemas and schema-related emotions at baseline and posttreatment. Two-factor mixed multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA; group change) and the Reliable Change Index (individual change) revealed nonsignificant differences between groups for the schema’s endorsement. Significant differences between groups were found for the schema-related emotions: Treatment participants presented lower scores and/or higher clinical improvements after GPS, when compared with controls. GPS-25 produced change at an emotional level but not in schema’s endorsement, suggesting that longer interventions should be tested in their capability to promote cognitive and emotional change in young offenders.

Daniel Rijo, Rita Ramos Miguel, Marlene Paulo, Nélio Brazão
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, April 10, 2020