The purpose of the current literature review was to critically review studies related to the use of restraint and seclusion in psychiatric settings across cultures, identify ethical principles regarding restraint and seclusion, and generate a clear view about patients’ perspectives and factors that influence use of these measures worldwide. Use of restraint and seclusion in daily nursing practice is controversial. Previous studies have shown variation in the types, frequency, and duration of restraint and seclusion across different countries and differences in the perception of restraint and seclusion between nurses and patients. Whereas some mental health staff members have positive attitudes toward restraint and seclusion, others have negative attitudes. The current analysis found that restraint and seclusion should be used as a last resort measure.
Obay A. Al-Maraira, PhD, RN; Ferial A. Hayajneh, PhD
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 2018