Juvenile Justice Risk Factors and Functional Family Therapy Fidelity on Felony Recidivism [2018]

Families (n = 5,884) received Functional Family Therapy (FFT) provided as part of court-ordered probation services by 11 community sites throughout Florida. Sites provided home-based FFT to families with male (72%) or female (28%) delinquent youth. Juvenile justice courts referred clients to these services in an effort to redirect them

The Reliability and Validity of the Measure of Criminal Attitudes and Associates and the Pride in Delinquency Scale in a Mixed Sex Sample of Justice-Involved Youth [2018]

It is unclear if self-report measures of criminal attitudes and associates—developed and validated predominately on adult male offender samples—can or should be used with justice-involved girls. With a sample of 300 justice-involved youth (100 females, 200 males), this study examined the reliability and validity of the Measure of Criminal Attitudes

The influence of parenting practices and neighborhood characteristics on the development of childhood aggression [2018]

The present study examined the way in which neighborhood impoverishment, neighborhood social processes, and parenting practices relate to the development of aggressive behavior among children aged 6–8 years raised in low‐income neighborhoods. A total of 424 children (male = 207, female = 217) and their families participated in the study.

Parents’ experiences of services addressing parenting of children considered at-risk for future antisocial and criminal behaviour: A qualitative longitudinal study [2018]

Highlights•Changing parenting is focus when services see families of conduct disordered children. •This can be helpful when trusting relationships with service providers develop. •Family functioning can improve when parents change attitudes to the child’s behaviour. •Parents find implementing consistent behaviour management helps. •Much intervention does not help but is seen

“They’re just made up different”: Juvenile correctional staff perceptions of incarcerated boys and girls [2018]

Highlights•Juvenile correctional staff characterize incarcerated boys and girls differently. •Boys were described as reticent to open up while girls were seen as eager to talk. •Unlike boys, staff felt girls actively engaged with and sought attention from them. •Girls were viewed as responding more forcefully to conflicts with staff than

The association between out-of-home placement and offending behavior among maltreated youth: A systematic review [2018]

Highlights•A systematic review was conducted on the role of out-of-home placement between child maltreatment and offending behavior. •No consistent evidence was found for significant difference in offending behavior among maltreated youth who received in-home and out-of-home care. •More restricted settings, a higher number of placements, and placement at a later

Aging out or continuing on? Exploring strategies to prepare marginalized youth for a transition to recovery in adulthood [2018]

Objective: This study aimed to improve our understanding of how to best assist marginalized youth during their transition to adulthood, and how to provide them services that help them achieve independence within existing public systems of care. Method: Using purposive sampling methods, 17 direct service providers and supervisors of a

The Relation Between Aggression and the Living Group Climate in a Forensic Treatment Unit for Adolescents: A Pilot Study [2017]

In the current study, the associations between inpatient aggression and the living group climate as perceived by the adolescents admitted to a forensic psychiatric treatment unit, are investigated based on carefully registered longitudinal data. Multilevel regression analyses revealed a significant inverse relation between the number and severity of aggressive incidents

How Do Forensic Clinicians Decide? A Delphi Approach to Identify Domains Commonly Used in Forensic Juvenile Treatment Planning [2016]

Adolescents in forensic care display wide varieties of complex psychiatric, psychological, and contextual problems. Based on large amounts of information, clinicians need to consider, integrate, and prioritize these offender characteristics to construct individual treatment trajectories. So far, scientific knowledge on how these treatment decisions take place is scarce. Current study

Predictive Validity of the MAYSI-2 and PAI-A for Suicide-Related Behavior and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Among Adjudicated Adolescent Offenders on Probation [2018]

This prospective study evaluated the ability of the MAYSI-2 and PAI-A to predict suicide-related behavior (SRB) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adjudicated adolescent offenders on probation. Predictive validity of the MAYSI-2 for SRB and NSSI has generally been postdictively examined among detained adolescents. In addition, no published studies have examined

Empathy and Utilitarian Judgment in Incarcerated and Community Control Adolescents [2018]

We aimed to test direct and indirect associations of affective and cognitive empathy and utilitarian judgment (UJ) on involvement in serious crimes during adolescence. An Italian sample including 67 male incarcerated youths and 239 male community youths completed Rule-Breaking (RBS), Perspective Taking (PT), and Empathic Concern (EC) scales. Moreover, participants

Matching Services to Criminogenic Needs Following Comprehensive Risk Assessment Implementation in Juvenile Probation [2018]

One emphasis of juvenile justice reform has been implementation of risk assessment instruments to improve case planning. This study examined the ability of juvenile probation departments to apply the risk-needs-responsivity (RNR) framework into case planning following a comprehensive implementation protocol. Data were collected on 385 adolescent offenders across three probation

Improving Case Plans and Interventions for Adolescents on Probation: The Implementation of the SAVRY and a Structured Case Planning Form [2018]

Even when probation officers use risk assessment tools, many of their clients’ needs remain unaddressed. As such, we examined whether the implementation of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and a structured case planning form resulted in better case plans as compared with prior practices (i.e., a

Justice for All: Trauma and the Need for Safety and Fairness Within Juvenile Justice Facilities [2018]

Many adolescents in the juvenile justice system have been exposed to trauma, which has been linked with negative outcomes that may lead to ineffective adjustment while incarcerated. Trauma may decrease a youth’s feelings of fairness and safety, which may increase misconduct. The present study examined the relationship between post-traumatic stress

Assessing Intervention Needs of Juvenile Probationers: An Application of Latent Profile Analysis to a Risk–Need–Responsivity Assessment Model [2018]

The assessment of criminogenic risk is critical in the prediction of future delinquency and the ability to provide appropriate services and interventions for youth offenders. The goal of this study was to determine whether using latent profile analysis (LPA) produced better risk classification profiles than traditional linear methods. Archival data

Does the “last chance” sentence work? Ten years of failures and successes under a juvenile intermediate sanction in Canada [2018]

Deferred custody and supervision order, an intermediate sanction which came into effect in 2003, had never been the subject of a scientific study. In the absence of research data, judges would give the sentence without knowing the outcome. To fill this gap, this study presents the failure rates (technical violations,