Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Treatment Rates of Mood Disorders among Opioid Users under Criminal Justice Supervision [2018]

Background: Individuals involved in the criminal justice system have disproportionately high rates of psychiatric disorders when compared to the general U.S. population. If left untreated, the likelihood of subsequent arrest increases and risk for adverse health consequences is great, particularly among opioid users. Objectives: To explore the prevalence, characteristics, and

Substance use disorders in patients with intellectual disability admitted to psychiatric hospitalisation [2018]

Background Few studies have looked at the prevalence of substance use disorders (SUD) in people with intellectual disability (ID). The results range between 1% and 6.4% and go up to 20% in people with ID and psychiatric disorders, probably underestimating real prevalence due to several limitations in these studies. ID

The Effectiveness of a Mental Health Court in Reducing Recidivism in Individuals with Severe Mental Illness and Comorbid Substance Use Disorder [2018]

The current study examined the efficacy of a specialized mental health court in reducing recidivism for severely mentally ill defendants with comorbid substance use disorders. There is a wealth of research supporting the efficacy of mental health courts in reducing recidivism for those with severe mental illness; however, the benefit

Concurrent Disorders and Health Care Utilization Among Homeless and Vulnerably Housed Persons in Canada – 2018

Objective: Individuals who are homeless or vulnerably housed have a higher prevalence of concurrent disorders, defined as having a mental health diagnosis and problematic substance use, compared to the general housed population. The study objective was to investigate the effect of having concurrent disorders on health care utilization among homeless

Health Beliefs and Experiences of a Health Promotion Intervention Among Psychiatric Patients With Substance Use: An Interview Study – 2018

We aimed to explore beliefs about physical health from the perspective of patients with concurrent mental illness and substance use and to explore how a health promotion intervention influenced their personal agency for changing health-related behaviour. Our findings were that patients’ beliefs were focused on their present day state of

Initiating and maintaining a recovery process – experiences of persons with dual diagnosis – 2018

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the internal and social factors that persons with experience from severe mental illness and alcohol and other drugs problems, and who have received treatment for these problems, describe as important for initiating and maintaining a recovery process. Design/methodology/approach In total, 40

Substance use and at‐risk mental state for psychosis in 2102 prisoners: the case for early detection and early intervention in prison – 2018

Aim Prisoners exhibit high rates of substance use and mental health problems. In the present study, we sought to gain a detailed understanding of substance use amongst young prisoners to inform early detection and early intervention strategies in a prison setting. Methods This is a cross‐sectional study of 2102 prisoners

Multidimensional Family Therapy as a community-based alternative to residential treatment for adolescents with substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders – 2018

Highlights • During the first 2 months of treatment, youth in both treatments showed significant reductions on all outcomes. • During the first 2 months of treatment, MDFT had greater reductions in internalizing symptoms. • At 18 months after baseline, MDFT maintained improvement in substance use and delinquency significantly better than

Concurrent Disorders and Health Care Utilization Among Homeless and Vulnerably Housed Persons in Canada – 2018

Objective: Individuals who are homeless or vulnerably housed have a higher prevalence of concurrent disorders, defined as having a mental health diagnosis and problematic substance use, compared to the general housed population. The study objective was to investigate the effect of having concurrent disorders on health care utilization among homeless

Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts among Women Seeking Treatment for Substance Use and Trauma Symptoms – 2018

Substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder have been associated with suicide. Through secondary analysis of the screening data from the Women and Trauma Study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network, the present study examined rates and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among

Co-Occurring Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders in Canadian Forensic Inpatients: Underdiagnosis and Implications for Treatment Planning – 2018

Research suggests that co-occurring substance use disorder (SUD) is prevalent among adults with psychiatric illness. Studies with forensic patients in Australia indicate that co-occurring disorders (CD) are underdiagnosed. To help determine how widespread CD underdiagnosis is in forensic populations internationally, we compared current diagnoses recorded in the clinical record with

The Fierce Urgency of Now: Improving Outcomes for Justice-Involved People With Serious Mental Illness and Substance Misuse – 2018

People with serious mental illness are more likely to be arrested multiple times for the same crime, spend more time in jail before adjudication, serve longer sentences, and have higher recidivism rates than those without mental illness. Several conceptual foundations, such as the sequential intercept model and the risk-needs-responsivity model,

Sharing power in criminal justice: The potential of co‐production for offenders experiencing mental health and addictions in New Zealand – 2-18

Co‐production has begun to make inroads into research, policy, and practice in mental health and addictions. Little is known, however, about the role co‐production has or could have in shaping how the criminal justice system responds to mental health and addictions. Given that a large majority of prisoners in Aotearoa

Why run the risk? Motivation for offences by patients with substance use and antisocial personality disorders which they rated as most risky to their own well‐being – 2018

Background Understanding motives for offending is important for the development and delivery of effective interventions. Aims To explore associations between variables with motivational implications and the offence committed in the past year rated by people with antisocial personality disorder and substance use disorder as putting them and their status at

Translating evidence-based practice for managing comorbid substance use and mental illness using a multi-modal training package – 2018

Comorbid mental health and substance use problems are highly prevalent in substance use treatment settings and generally lead to poorer treatment outcomes. Pathways to Comorbidity Care (PCC) is a multi-modal training program developed to encourage an integrated service approach to improve clinicians’ capacity to identify and manage comorbid substance use

Systematic review of qualitative evaluations of reentry programs addressing problematic drug use and mental health disorders amongst people transitioning from prison to communities – 2018

Background The paper presents a systematic review and metasynthesis of findings from qualitative evaluations of community reentry programs. The programs sought to engage recently released adult prison inmates with either problematic drug use or a mental health disorder. Methods Seven biomedical and social science databases, Cinahl, Pubmed, Scopus, Proquest, Medline,

Experiences of Professional Helping Relations by Persons with Co-occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Recovery in co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders often involves relationships with professional helpers, yet little is known about how these are experienced by service users. The aim of this study was to explore and describe behaviour and attributes of professional helpers that support recovery, as experienced by persons