Stigma experienced by family members of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: multidimensional construct [2018]

Background There is a lack of good-quality instruments measuring stigma experienced by family members of stigmatised people. Aims To develop a self-report measure of stigma among families of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and examine associations between family stigma and other variables. Method The new Family Stigma Instrument (FAMSI)

Self-stigma among criminal offenders: Risk and protective factors [2018]

Those involved in the criminal justice system are swiftly identified as “criminals.” Receipt of this label may promote self-stigma, a process wherein criminal stereotypes are internalized and produce negative psychological and behavioral consequences. Research has yet to identify which types of offenders are at risk for, or in contrast, protected

Violence towards people with mental illness: assessment, risk factors, and management [2018]

AIM Violence is important for psychiatrists, for public health, and for victims. Aside from greater risk of perpetrating violence, people with mental illness are also more commonly victimised than the general population. However, guidance on the assessment and management of sin clinical settings is limited. METHOD Review and consolidation of

Projective Technique Reveals Unconscious Attitudes about Poverty in Canada [2018]

Canada has been challenged in attempts to reduce and eliminate poverty. In this study, the authors used a projective technique to assess attitudes about people living in poverty (113 young adults, average age 21) living in southwestern Ontario. Five themes emerged from Thematic Apperception Test responses: (1) negative assumptions about

Association of internalized stigma and insight in patients with schizophrenia [2018]

Aim: To evaluate the association of internalized stigma with insight (clinical and cognitive insight) among patients with schizophrenia. Methods: 136 patients with schizophrenia were assessed on the Internalised Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS). Clinical insight was assessed

Be outspoken and overcome stigmatizing thoughts (BOOST): a group treatment for internalized stigma in first-episode psychosis [2018]

Background: Internalized stigma is associated with a broad array of negative outcomes for people experiencing psychosis. The current article provides an overview of a novel group-based intervention for reducing internalized stigma (Be Outspoken and Overcome Stigmatizing Thoughts [BOOST]) that combines cognitive behavioural techniques with peer support in first-episode psychosis. Methods:

My experiences of psychosis and what caused it; my experiences with mental health services and other things that helped or hindered my journey [2018]

This brief account is aimed at shedding some light on the cognitive processes involved with bringing about my psychosis, or put more simply – how I got ill. I have included as much description of my thought processes as is possible in this limited space. It is also a short

The role of sense of belonging in self-stigma among people with serious mental illnesses [2018]

Objective: Self-stigma significantly impacts people with serious mental illnesses. Evidence from other marginalized groups has indicated that sense of belonging may buffer these impacts. The purpose of this study was to assess the buffering of self-stigma by sense of belonging among this population, including the relationship between these effects and

Stigma, substance use, and help-seeking attitudes among rural and urban individuals [2018]

The current study examined the differences between public stigma, self-stigma, substance use (i.e., alcohol and/or drugs), and attitudes toward psychological help-seeking among rural and urban individuals, and found meaningful differences in public stigma by alcohol use. Two hundred and sixty participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk completed an online survey

A schoolwide approach to promoting student bystander behavior in response to the use of the word “retard” [2018]

Highlights • Students often use the r-word as an insult or joke toward their peers. • Students are more likely to intervene when they hear the r-word used as an insult. • Students do not understand the r-word is harmful even when not used as an insult. • Participation in a schoolwide inclusion program

How does psychiatric diagnosis affect young people’s self-concept and social identity? A systematic review and synthesis of the qualitative literature [2018]

Highlights • Psychiatric diagnosis affects young people’s self-concept and social identity. • A systematic review identified 38 relevant qualitative studies. • Diagnosis entails both risks and benefits for self-concept and social identity. • Self/identity outcomes may inform decisions about giving or accepting a diagnosis. Abstract Receiving a psychiatric diagnosis in childhood or adolescence can

Political attitudes as predictors of the multiple dimensions of mental health stigma [2018]

Background: Mental health (MH) stigma is multidimensional and remains common in the United States and throughout the world. While sociopolitical attitudes such as right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) have emerged as strong predictors of some aspects of MH stigma, no study has assessed the relationship between RWA and multidimensional components of MH

Mental Health Stigma: Explicit and Implicit Attitudes of Canadian Undergraduate Students, Medical School Students, and Psychiatrists [2018]

Objectives: To compare explicit and implicit stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness among undergraduate students, medical school students, and psychiatrists, and to assess whether attitudes are associated with education level, exposure to, and personal experience with mental illness. Methods: Participants from McMaster University were recruited through email. Participants completed a web-based

Experiences of living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative data [2018]

Aim To identify and assess available evidence from qualitative studies exploring experiences of individuals living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) or those living with a child with FASD, as well as experiences of interventions aimed at supporting individuals with FASD and their families. Method A systematic literature search was

Forensic psychiatric experiences, stigma, and self-concept: a mixed-methods study [2018]

This study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate stigma experiences and self-concepts of individuals with both mental illness and criminal histories. The full sample of participants completed self-report measures of self-concept related to mental illness, race, and criminal history, and a brief qualitative self-concept measure. A subsample of participants completed

National study comparing the characteristics of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia who committed homicide vs. those who died by suicide [2018]

Associations between serious mental disorder and violence are well-documented, but there is little epidemiological evidence linking these disorders and homicide risk. The reported study compares socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of people diagnosed with schizophrenia who committed homicide vs. those who died by suicide. The study is a national case series

Attitudes of health care professionals toward people with intellectual disability: a comparison with the general population [2018]

Background Few studies have examined attitudes that may promote the social inclusion of persons with an intellectual disability (ID) among health care providers (HCPs). Yet these attitudes could impact the accessibility and quality of services provided to this population, as well as the general attitudes of HCPs. The objectives of

Mental illness in the eyes of the law: examining perceptions of stigma among judges and attorneys [2018]

In response to the increasing numbers of mentally ill persons placed under the care of correctional institutions, community-based diversion programs have been established to address the unique needs and challenges of this vulnerable population. Given that legal personnel may serve as gatekeepers in placement decisions, and the lack of existing