Stakeholder perspectives on the stigma of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder [2018]

Background: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a condition afflicting children born to women who consumed alcohol during pregnancy that can lead to secondary disabilities including cognitive and social deficits. Both, children with FASD, and their biological mothers, are targets of FASD stigma. This study seeks to identify stereotypes, prejudice,

Diagnostic Dissent: Experiences of Perceived Misdiagnosis and Stigma in Persons Diagnosed With Schizophrenia [2018]

It is not uncommon for individuals to disagree with their psychiatric diagnosis. The experience of perceived misdiagnosis can be challenging for service users, as mainstream psychiatric theory often views this disagreement as an indication of “poor insight” into their putative illness. Some researchers have suggested that labeling a service user

Understanding the factor structure of the public stigma of substance use disorder – 2018

Few empirical research studies have examined the public stigma of substance use disorder (SUD) compared to mental illness (MI). Expanding on the results of a qualitative study on the stigma of SUD, this study quantitatively examined items thought to represent the three constructs of public stigma: stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination.

Stigma at every turn: Health services experiences among people who inject drugs – 2018

Background People who inject drugs (PWID) encounter varying forms of stigma in health services contexts, which can contribute to adverse outcomes. We explored the lived experience of stigma among PWID to elucidate pathways by which stigma influences health care access and utilization. Methods We conducted 46 qualitative interviews with PWID

Multinational comparative cross-sectional survey of views of medical students about acceptable terminology and subgroups in schizophrenia – 2018

Aim The aim of this study was to inform thinking around the terminology for ‘schizophrenia’ in different countries. Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate: (1) whether medical students view alternative terminology (psychosis subgroups), derived from vulnerability-stress models of schizophrenia, as acceptable and less stigmatising than the term

Stigmatizing attitudes of primary care professionals towards people with mental disorders: A systematic review – 2018

Objective To examine stigmatizing attitudes towards people with mental disorders among primary care professionals and to identify potential factors related to stigmatizing attitudes through a systematic review. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, Lilacs, IBECS, Index Psicologia, CUMED, MedCarib, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, WHOLIS, Hanseníase, LIS-Localizador de

Risk of Being Subjected to Crime, Including Violent Crime, After Onset of Mental Illness: A Danish National Registry Study Using Police Data – 2018

Key Points Question What is the incidence of police-reported experiences of being subjected to crime, including violent crime, after onset of mental illness, and do persons with specific mental disorders have increased risk of being subjected to crime compared with those without mental illness? Findings In this national cohort study

Youth Mental Health Services Utilization Rates After a Large-Scale Social Media Campaign: Population-Based Interrupted Time-Series Analysis – 2018

Background: Despite the uptake of mass media campaigns, their overall impact remains unclear. Since 2011, a Canadian telecommunications company has operated an annual, large-scale mental health advocacy campaign (Bell Let’s Talk) focused on mental health awareness and stigma reduction. In February 2012, the campaign began to explicitly leverage the social

Validation of a Tool to Measure Attitudes Among Community Corrections Officers Toward Shared Decision Making With Formerly Incarcerated Persons With Mental Illness – 2018

Community corrections professionals may employ shared decision making (SDM) in many ways with those they supervise who have serious mental illness (SMI). This study examined the psychometric properties of the Community Corrections Shared Decision Making Scale (CCSDM), an instrument developed to measure attitudes that support SDM in community corrections settings.

“He acted like a crazy person”: Exploring the influence of college students’ recall of stereotypic media representations of mental illness – 2018

Nearly half of all U.S. adults will be diagnosed with a mental illness at some point in their developmental trajectory, and college students may be particularly vulnerable to experience mental distress. Despite its prevalence, public perception about mental illness remains obscured by misinformation and social stigma. Scholars have long recognized

Factors influencing the level of self-stigmatisation in people with mental illness – 2018

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess sociodemographic factors and factors connected with treatment of mental illness and to decide whether they can influence the level of self-stigma. Method: Sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, family status, level of employment, level of education) and characteristics related to illness and treatment

Belonging and exclusion in the lives of young people with intellectual disability in small town communities – 2018

In recent policies, it is assumed that communities welcome the inclusion of young people with intellectual disability. However, little is known about perspectives of young people themselves. This article reports on research that sought to address this gap. Young people with intellectual disability living in three Australian small town communities

Mental Health Providers’ Attitudes About Criminal Justice–Involved Clients With Serious Mental Illness – 2018

Objective: Community mental health providers’ attitudes toward criminal justice–involved clients with serious mental illness were examined. Methods: A total of 627 Maryland psychiatric rehabilitation program providers responded to a survey (83% response rate). Measures assessed providers’ experience with, positive regard for, and perceptions of similarity, with their clients with serious

An Exploration of Emergency Physicians’ Attitudes Toward Patients With Substance Use Disorder – 2018

Objectives: Much is known about some healthcare professionals’ attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders, but few studies have specifically looked at emergency department (ED) physicians. Individuals with substance use disorders are more likely to be people who chronically, frequently use the ED, and thus ED physicians are in a

“As soon as people hear that word…”: associative stigma among clinicians working with people with serious mental illness – 2018

Purpose Stigma by association occurs when members affiliated with a marginalized group become discredited themselves. The purpose of this paper is to explore associative stigma among mental health (MH) clinicians working with individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI). Design/methodology/approach In total, 47 eligible service providers completed an online qualitative

The (Surprising) Impact of Televised Antidepressant Direct-to-Consumer Advertising on the Stigmatization of Mental Illness – 2018

This study tests the effect of pharmaceutical Direct-to-Consumer Advertising (DTCA) for antidepressants on perceived stigma surrounding mental disorders. We randomly assigned participants into one of three experimental conditions: antidepressant DTCA with portrayals of discrimination, cognitive separation, and stereotyping (DCSS), antidepressant DTCA without these representations, or a no-exposure control. Contrary to

Examining the Impact of This Is My Brave on Mental Illness Stigma and Willingness to Seek Help: A Pilot Study – 2018

This Is My Brave (TIMB) is a contact-based mental illness stigma reduction program, set in theaters, meant to reduce stigma, increase beliefs about empowerment and recovery, and improve attitudes towards treatment seeking for mental health concerns. The authors conducted the first empirical evaluation of TIMB using a pre-post survey design.

The Role of Stigma Toward Mental Illness in Probation Officers’ Perceptions of Risk and Case Management Decisions – 2018

Recommendations for supervising offenders with mental illness have evolved from a narrow focus on treating psychopathology to an integration of mental health treatment and correctional interventions. Probation officers likely have inflated perceptions of risk for offenders with mental illness, which may result in improper risk assessment and misinformed risk management