Do police–mental health co-responder programmes reduce emergency department presentations or simply delay the inevitable? [2018]

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes for people following intervention by a police–mental health co-responder team. Method: Individuals seen by the co-responder team were followed for 2 weeks to monitor subsequent emergency department presentations and inpatient admissions. Results: Of the 122 people who had direct contact

‘The prison don’t talk to you about getting out of prison’: On why prisons in England and Wales fail to rehabilitate prisoners [2018]

The position of rehabilitation in prisons in England and Wales has long been debated. Yet studies which consider how prisoners experience rehabilitative practices and processes are rare. Drawing on prisoners’ accounts, this article considers their perceptions and lived experiences of the ways in which rehabilitation is influenced by the nature

Assessing the predictability of self-harm in a high-risk adult prisoner population: a prospective cohort study [2018]

Background Prisoners are at increased risk of self-harm and when either intent is expressed, or an act of self-harm carried out, prisoners in the UK are subject to self-harm/suicide monitoring (referred to as “open ACCT” monitoring). However, there is a paucity of validated instruments to identify risk of self-harm in

Tough talk: Youth offenders’ perceptions of communicating in the Youth Justice system in New Zealand [2017]

Youth Justice procedures rely heavily on oral language. International research suggests young people in the Youth Justice system have poorer language skills than their non-offending peers, which has implications for their participation in Youth Justice processes and rehabilitation programmes. Most research of youth offenders’ communication skills focuses on standardised assessments

Predictors of delinquency among adolescents and young adults: A new psychosocial control perspective [2017]

The present study examined whether a new psychosocial control model of youth problem behaviours, including additional variables of sensation seeking and peer risk-taking behaviour, could be expanded to explain delinquency in early and mid-late adolescence, and emerging early- and mid-young adulthood. We also explored the possible mediating role of peer

How the prison-to-community transition risk environment influences the experience of men with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorder [2017]

Previous research has established that people with severe mental illness and co-occurring substance use disorder leaving prison have multiple and complex health, social and economic challenges. How the criminal justice and mental health systems influence the individual prison-to-community transition experience of this population is less well understood. This paper draws

Childhood socioeconomic position and adult mental wellbeing: Evidence from four British birth cohort studies [2017]

Background There is much evidence showing that childhood socioeconomic position is associated with physical health in adulthood; however existing evidence on how early life disadvantage is associated with adult mental wellbeing is inconsistent. This paper investigated whether childhood socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with adult mental wellbeing and to what

Risk factors for readmission in schizophrenia patients following involuntary admission [2017]

Background Individuals with schizophrenia who are involuntarily admitted may have poorer prognosis, including higher readmission rates, than those voluntarily admitted. However, little is known about the risk factors for readmission in those schizophrenia patients who are involuntarily admitted. Aims We aim to explore the risk factors for readmission in this

Latent Profiles of Externalizing Psychopathology and Their Relation to Children’s Aggression and Social Behavior [2016]

Objective: This study identified profiles of clinic-referred children with disruptive behavior and determined the association between identified profiles and children’s aggression, peer problems, and prosocial skills. Method: Parents and teachers of 208 children (163 boys) aged 6 to 12 years (M age = 8.80, SD = 1.75) completed measures to

An investigation of the determinants of quality of life in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome [2018]

Background Young people with Down syndrome experience varying abilities in activities of daily living, cognitive functioning, behaviour and social skills. The aim of this research was to investigate, from a carer’s perspective, the factors that influenced the quality of life of these young people. Methods Families of young people with

Entangled in uncertainty: The experience of living with dementia from the perspective of family caregivers [2018]

Introduction Too often dementia care is still fragmented and unresponsive to the needs of people living with dementia and their family caregivers. To develop effective health care services, in-depth insight into the experiences of family caregivers is a prerequisite. Methods This Dutch study is a qualitative interview study. The aim

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Aggression, and Illicit Stimulant Use: Is This Self-Medication? [2017]

This study compares adults with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on measures of direct and displaced aggression and illicit drug use. Three hundred ninety-six adults were administered the Wender Utah Rating Scale, the Risk Behavior Assessment, the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ), and the Displaced Aggression Questionnaire (DAQ). Those with