Making sense of interactions between mental health and criminal justice services: the utility of cultural historical activity systems theory – 2018

Purpose Effective collaboration between mental health (MHS) and criminal justice services (CJS) impacts on mental illness and reduces reoffending rates. This paper proposes the Change Laboratory Model (CLM) of workplace transformation as a potential tool to support interagency collaborative practice that has potential to complement current integration tools used in

The efficacy of exercise referral as an intervention for Irish male prisoners presenting with mental health symptoms – 2018

Purpose The use of exercise as an intervention to improve health in the general population is well documented. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether an exercise referral scheme can be an effective health promotion tool for male prisoners in Ireland, presenting with mental health symptoms. Design/methodology/approach This

Health Care Utilization and Expenditures of Homeless Family Members Before and After Emergency Housing – 2018

Objectives. To describe longitudinal health service utilization and expenditures for homeless family members before and after entering an emergency shelter. Methods. We linked Massachusetts emergency housing assistance data with Medicaid claims between July 2008 and June 2015, constructing episodes of health care 12 months before and 12 months after families

Medication state at the time of the offense: Medication noncompliance, insight and criminal responsibility – 2018

This study used a mixed quantitative‐qualitative methodology to examine whether mock jurors considered a defendant’s meta‐responsibility – specifically, the defendant’s medication noncompliance and degree of insight into his/her schizophrenia – when determining the person’s criminal responsibility. The degree of expert witness explanation regarding these factors was also varied. Participants (n

From conception to evaluation of mobile services for people with head injury: A participatory design perspective – 2018

Adults with cognitive impairments lack the means to organise their daily life, plan their appointments, cope with fatigue, and manage their budget. They manifest interest in using new technologies to be part of society. Unfortunately, the applications offered on smart phones are often beyond their cognitive abilities. The goal of

Determinants of Unmet Mental Healthcare Needs of Single Adults Who Are Homeless or Vulnerably Housed – 2018

Persons who are homeless experience higher levels of mental illness, unmet mental healthcare needs, and physical healthcare needs than the general population. This study aimed (1) to determine the reasons contributing to having unmet mental healthcare needs (UMHCN) and (2) to examine the determinants of UMHCN among a representative sample

A Recovery College in Canada: An Innovative Means of Supporting and Empowering Individuals with Severe Mental Illness – 2018

The Recovery College at Ontario Shores provides service users who have mental health challenges with courses, which they choose, to learn about recovery, mental health, treatment options, leisure, and fun. College components designed to enhance recovery also include peer support and access to the library to enhance individualized learning. Simone

Mindfulness-based treatment of addiction: current state of the field and envisioning the next wave of research – 2018

Contemporary advances in addiction neuroscience have paralleled increasing interest in the ancient mental training practice of mindfulness meditation as a potential therapy for addiction. In the past decade, mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been studied as a treatment for an array addictive behaviors, including drinking, smoking, opioid misuse, and use of

The Relation Between Aggression and the Living Group Climate in a Forensic Treatment Unit for Adolescents: A Pilot Study – 2018

In the current study, the associations between inpatient aggression and the living group climate as perceived by the adolescents admitted to a forensic psychiatric treatment unit, are investigated based on carefully registered longitudinal data. Multilevel regression analyses revealed a significant inverse relation between the number and severity of aggressive incidents

Interventions That Target Criminogenic Needs for Justice-Involved Persons With Serious Mental Illnesses: A Targeted Service Delivery Approach – 2018

This research describes the development of a targeted service delivery approach that tailors the delivery of interventions that target criminogenic needs to the specific learning and treatment needs of justice-involved people with serious mental illnesses (SMIs). This targeted service delivery approach includes five service delivery strategies: repetition and summarizing, amplification,

Psychometric Properties in Forensic Application of the Screening Version of the Psychopathy Checklist – 2018

The Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV) is a short form of the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R), an expert-rated assessment that measures psychopathic personality traits in research, clinical, and community settings. The PCL-R is an extensively relied upon tool in psycho-legal contexts. The screening version is also widely used; however, it

The Factor Structure of the Aggression Questionnaire With Violent Offenders – 2018

The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) is a self-report measure of aggressiveness commonly employed in nonforensic and forensic settings and is included in violent offender pre- and posttreatment assessment batteries. The aim of the current study was to assess the fit of the four-factor model of the AQ with violent offenders

Do Demographic Factors Moderate How Well Criminal Thinking Predicts Recidivism? 2018

Is the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism the same for criminal justice–involved individuals from varying demographic backgrounds? Relying on two independent samples of offenders and two measures of criminal thinking, the current studies examined whether four demographic factors—gender, race, age, and education—moderated the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism.

The Fierce Urgency of Now: Improving Outcomes for Justice-Involved People With Serious Mental Illness and Substance Misuse – 2018

People with serious mental illness are more likely to be arrested multiple times for the same crime, spend more time in jail before adjudication, serve longer sentences, and have higher recidivism rates than those without mental illness. Several conceptual foundations, such as the sequential intercept model and the risk-needs-responsivity model,

Outcomes of a Peer Mentor Intervention for Persons With Recurrent Psychiatric Hospitalization – 2018

Objective: This article presents findings from a randomized controlled trial of a peer support mentorship intervention designed for individuals with serious mental illness and frequent, recurrent psychiatric hospitalizations. Methods: Seventy-six individuals who were diagnosed as having a major psychotic or mood disorder and who had at least two psychiatric hospitalizations