Ontario Transforming Adult Correctional System: Proposed Legislation Will Improve Conditions and Increase Transparency – News Release – 2018-02-20

Ontario is transforming its adult correctional system to achieve better outcomes for individuals in custody, and those being released. The province has introduced legislation that is the foundation of the boldest transformation of our corrections system in a generation. The legislation would apply a consistent and evidence-based approach to rehabilitation,

The prisoner’s dilemma: How male prisoners experience and respond to penal threat while incarcerated – 2018-02

Drawing on interview data with 56 former prisoners in Canada, we examine how male prisoners understand, experience, and respond to threat while incarcerated. We show that prisoners face a variety of different and often competing threats, resulting from prisoner interactions (e.g. threat of physical violence for being a “snitch”) on

The risks, needs and stages of recovery of a complete forensic patient cohort in an Australian state – 2018-02

Background Routine outcome measures are increasingly being mandated across mental health services in Australia and overseas. This requirement includes forensic mental health services, but their utility in such specialist services and the inter-relationships between the measures remain unclear. This study sought to characterise the risks, needs and stages of recovery

A Literature Review on the Experience of Long-Term Mental Illness – 2018-02

Purpose: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. Design: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950–2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. Findings: Twenty-five research papers and nine

Substance use, victimization, HIV/AIDS risk, and recidivism among females in a therapeutic justice program – 2018-02

This analysis examines the association between crack/cocaine use only and the SAVA syndemic (any substance use, being exposed to violence, having HIV/AIDS risk behaviors) at baseline and any felony, misdemeanor, or municipal violations by an 8-month follow-up. Data comes from 317 women recruited from a Municipal Drug Court System in

Seclusion: the association with diagnosis, gender, length of stay and HoNOS-secure in low and medium secure inpatient mental health service – 2018-02

The use of seclusion is controversial. Using routinely collected data from low and medium secure service provider in the United Kingdom (n = 347) this study compared secluded and non-secluded Asperger’s syndrome, paranoid schizophrenia, organic personality disorder and emotionally unstable personality disorder patients. Analysis revealed that secluded patients were younger

Psychopathy, the Big Five and empathy as predictors of violence in a forensic sample of substance abusers – 2018-02

It is widely recognized that substance abuse increases the general risk of delinquency and violent offenses in particular. Substance-related disorders are the primary cause of offenders being sentenced to mandatory treatment in forensic psychiatry. However, instead of a mono-causal link between addiction and violence, additional risk factors must be assumed.

Short-term outcomes for forensic patients receiving an absolute discharge under the Canadian Criminal Code – 2018-02

There is insufficient knowledge regarding outcomes among persons who are no longer supervised by the forensic mental health system, and consequently little data to inform public perception regarding the risk of harm posed by such persons. We performed a retrospective case audit and one-year follow-up of all patients receiving an

Perceived workplace adversity and correctional officer psychological well-being: an international examination of the impact of officer response styles – 2018-02

Correctional officers work in a highly challenging environment and are at a heightened risk of a range of negative stress-related health conditions. This study examines how correctional officer responses to adversity moderate the association between perceived workplace adversity and psychological well-being. The aim was to assess the degree that perceived

Effects of a Staff Training Intervention on Seclusion Rates on an Adult Inpatient Psychiatric Unit – 2018-02

The current article presents the effects of a 90-minute staff training intervention aimed at reducing inpatient psychiatric seclusion rates through strengthened staff commitment to seclusion alternatives and improved de-escalation skills. The intervention occurred at an 18-bed adult inpatient psychiatric unit whose seclusion rates in 2015 were seven times the national

Destigmatizing Mental Illness: An Innovative Evidence-Based Undergraduate Curriculum – 2018-01

Stigma toward individuals with mental illness is prevalent, not only in society but also among nurses caring for this population. Such stigma contributes to health disparities, discrimination, and a lack of providers working with those who experience mental illness. An evidence-based anti-stigma curriculum innovation in a mental health nursing course

Sensitizing Inpatient Mental Health Staff to the Challenges of Aging – 2018-01

Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and

Experiences of Professional Helping Relations by Persons with Co-occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Recovery in co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders often involves relationships with professional helpers, yet little is known about how these are experienced by service users. The aim of this study was to explore and describe behaviour and attributes of professional helpers that support recovery, as experienced by persons

Offenders living with mental illness: How are they perceived by future professionals? – 2018-02

Summary This study investigates the attitudes of Criminal Justice and Social Work majors toward offenders living with mental illness. Multivariate regression analyses were used to explore differences in attitudes between student majors, controlling for factors such as age, race, and political ideology among a sample of 358 respondents. Participant attitudes

Cost and cost-effectiveness of computerized vs. in-person motivational interventions in the criminal justice system – 2018-04

Highlights • The cost-effectiveness of a computerized intervention for probationers is assessed. • Effectiveness is self-reported initiation into any treatment at 6 months. • The computerized intervention was relatively good value for the main outcome. • Results are not robust to narrowing the outcome to initiating formal treatment only. Abstract Introduction Although substance use is

Gender differences in substance use treatment and substance use among adults on probation – 2018-02

Background: Although many formal and informal substance use treatment programs were originally designed for men, no studies have investigated how gender affects the use of substance use treatment modalities, and how gender differences in treatment utilization impact substance use in the unique probation context. Objective: To describe gender differences in

Relationship between victimization and substance use treatment motivation in a jail-based sample: the role of adult attachment and peer support – 2018-02

The current study investigated the impact of victimization on substance use treatment motivation and the potential role of adult attachment and peer support, with a sample of 149 justice-involved individuals participating in a jail-based substance treatment program. Results of mediation analyses indicated that attachment anxiety mediated the relationship between victimization

Sadly, Society is Still Misinformed When it Comes to Those Found NCR – #MindVine – 2017-07-21

I get it, it’s complicated. Mental Illness is an illness that unfortunately receives compassion only when it is convenient or easy. As a society, we get Bell Let’s Talk with all the celebrities speaking about their challenges, we have compassion for children’s mental health and maybe, to some extent, we