Health problems and healthcare needs among youth in Swedish secure residential care [2018]

International research has consistently reported that youth in secure residential care have high rates of somatic/dental health problems. Here, we report results from the first such study in a Nordic country. An experienced paediatrician performed systematic somatic and rudimentary dental health assessments of 91 youths, age 13–17, recently admitted to

Gender aspects of health‐related quality of life of youth in secure residential care in Sweden [2018]

This study examined health‐related quality of life of youth in secure residential care employing a gender perspective. The KIDSCREEN‐52 questionnaire was administered to 91 youths (46 boys and 45 girls) aged 13–17, admitted to four secure residential units in southern Sweden, in connection with a medical examination. Results were compared

Low-Income Housing and Crime: The Influence of Housing Development and Neighborhood Characteristics [2018]

This study examines the distribution of crime across various types of low-income housing developments and estimates the main and interactive effects of housing development and neighborhood characteristics on crime. Negative binomial regression models were estimated to observe the influence of security and design features, neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, residential stability, and

The Relationship Between Individual Characteristics, Quality of Confinement and Recidivism by Offenders Released From Privately and Publicly Managed Residential Community Corrections Facilities [2018]

This study examines Commonwealth of Pennsylvania state prison data on inmates released to a term of residential community corrections in either a publicly or privately managed institution (n = 7,204). Analyses indicate significant associations of race, facility orderliness, extent of educational/vocational programming, and type of facility management (Commonwealth or a

Police Contact with Young People with Cognitive Disabilities: Perceptions of Procedural (In)justice [2018]

The interactions of police with young people with cognitive disabilities (YPWCD) have seldom been considered in research, even though this group is over-represented in the criminal justice system. This article presents the results of a qualitative study into YPWCD’s experiences with police in Queensland, Australia. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with

Self-harm and suicidal behaviour among incarcerated adults in the Australian Capital Territory [2018]

Background Suicide is the leading cause of death in prisons worldwide. Improved understanding of the factors associated with suicide is necessary to inform targeted suicide prevention and interventions. Here we aim to (a) document the prevalence of suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, self-harm, and mental disorder; and (b) identify demographic, mental

Service user and carer involvement in mental health care safety: raising concerns and improving the safety of services [2018]

Background Previous research into improving patient safety has emphasised the importance of responding to and learning from concerns raised by service users and carers. Expertise gained by the experiences of service users and their carers has also been seen as a potential resource to improve patient safety. We know little

Case study illustrations of a psychological treatment pathway in a secure intellectual disability service [2018]

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe in detail the treatment pathway utilised in a male medium and low secure intellectual disability (ID) service. Over the preceding five years, service users have followed the outlined treatment pathway. The current paper offers case study material to illustrate the care

Seasonal variations in psychiatric admissions to hospital [2018]

The objective of this study was to identify seasonal variations in mental health–related hospitalizations among children, adolescents, and adults using administrative health data. Hospital admission records from January 2004 to March, 2014 were sourced from the New Brunswick Discharge Abstract Database. Seasonality was measured using a cosinor model to estimate

Comparing persons found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for sexual offences versus nonsexual violent offences [2018]

Using data from the National Trajectory Project, we compared 50 individuals found Not Criminally Responsible on account of Mental Disorder (NCRMD) for sexual offences with 50 age- and gender-matched individuals found NCRMD for nonsexually violent offences. We also described the concurrent offenses, the symptoms at the time of the offense

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness: a Synthesis of the Literature and Discussion of How Supportive Housing Can Support Wellness for People with Intellectual Disability [2018]

Recent Findings Although rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) may be elevated in homeless populations, there is little research on homeless adults with ID whose cognitive and adaptive functioning deficits may affect how they respond to usual supports. Purpose of Review This literature synthesis describes the prevalence of ID among homeless

Intellectual disability in Irish prisoners; systematic review of prevalence [2018]

Purpose While individuals with an intellectual disability form a significant minority in the worldwide prison population, their healthcare needs require specialist attention. In Ireland, services for prisoners with intellectual disabilities need development. However, there is little substantive data estimating prevalence of intellectual disabilities within the Irish prison system. Design/methodology/approach We

In spite of the system: A qualitatively-driven mixed methods analysis of the mental health services experiences of LGBTQ people living in poverty in Ontario, Canada [2018]

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and/or queer (LGBTQ) people face barriers to accessing mental health care; however, we know little about service experiences of low income LGBTQ people. In this qualitatively-driven mixed methods study, over 700 women and/or trans people completed an internet survey, of whom 12 LGBTQ individuals living in

How patient participation is constructed in mental health care: a grounded theory study [2018]

Aim The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? Methodological design Ten tape‐recorded interviews of nurses and

The Criminal Self‐View: How Do Identity Discrepancies Affect Emotions and Projected Conformity Among Offenders? [2018]

Research indicates that mismatches between individuals’ identity standards and how they perceive others view them, or reflected appraisals (RAs), produce distress that individuals may attempt to alleviate by altering their behavior so as to achieve identity verification. While there has been a recent interest in understanding how individuals negotiate a

“Forgetting familiar faces”: Staff perceptions of dementia in people with intellectual disabilities [2018]

Accessible summary Dementia is an illness of the brain. It can make people forgetful and confused. We talked to staff about what it is like to support people with dementia. They told us that working with dementia is upsetting for family, friends and staff. AbstractBackgroundLiving with dementia is challenging, but

“I feel like just a normal person now”: An exploration of the perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities about what is important in the provision of positive behavioural support [2018]

Accessible Summary People with a learning disability do not always get good supportWe wanted to know what they thought about positive behavioural supportThey told us many important things about good and bad supportGood support included being treated as a human being, having a good and full life and being helped