“As soon as people hear that word…”: associative stigma among clinicians working with people with serious mental illness – 2018

Purpose Stigma by association occurs when members affiliated with a marginalized group become discredited themselves. This qualitative study explored associative stigma among mental health (MH) clinicians working with individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness. Design/methodology/approach Forty-seven eligible service providers completed an online qualitative study, with open-ended questions about areas touching

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“As soon as people hear that word…”: associative stigma among clinicians working with people with serious mental illness – 2018

Purpose Stigma by association occurs when members affiliated with a marginalized group become discredited themselves. The purpose of this paper is to explore associative stigma among mental health (MH) clinicians working with individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI). Design/methodology/approach In total, 47 eligible service providers completed an online qualitative

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“He acted like a crazy person”: Exploring the influence of college students’ recall of stereotypic media representations of mental illness – 2018

Nearly half of all U.S. adults will be diagnosed with a mental illness at some point in their developmental trajectory, and college students may be particularly vulnerable to experience mental distress. Despite its prevalence, public perception about mental illness remains obscured by misinformation and social stigma. Scholars have long recognized

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A Literature Review on the Experience of Long-Term Mental Illness – 2018-02

Purpose: To illuminate long-term experiences of mental illness from both research and autobiographical accounts. Design: A literature review of English-language papers, 1950–2014, relating to the experience of long-term mental illness indexed in AgeInfo, AMED, ASSIA, British Nursing Index (BNI), CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRA, and PsychINFO. Findings: Twenty-five research papers and nine

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A qualitative study: experiences of stigma by people with mental health problems – 2018

Objectives Prior research has examined various components involved in the impact of public and internalized stigma on people with mental health problems. However, studies have not previously investigated the subjective experiences of mental health stigma by those affected in a non-statutory treatment-seeking population. Design An in-depth qualitative study was conducted

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A schoolwide approach to promoting student bystander behavior in response to the use of the word “retard” [2018]

Highlights • Students often use the r-word as an insult or joke toward their peers. • Students are more likely to intervene when they hear the r-word used as an insult. • Students do not understand the r-word is harmful even when not used as an insult. • Participation in a schoolwide inclusion program

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Adapting Disclosure Programs to Reduce the Stigma of Mental Illness – 2018

A 2016 report from the National Academy of Sciences describes strategies that reduce the stigma of mental illness. Prominent among these are contact between people with and without mental illness and strategic disclosure for lessening both public and self-stigma. The report also recognizes the complexity of stigma in the realm

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An Exploration of Emergency Physicians’ Attitudes Toward Patients With Substance Use Disorder – 2018

Objectives: Much is known about some healthcare professionals’ attitudes toward patients with substance use disorders, but few studies have specifically looked at emergency department (ED) physicians. Individuals with substance use disorders are more likely to be people who chronically, frequently use the ED, and thus ED physicians are in a

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Association of internalized stigma and insight in patients with schizophrenia [2018]

Aim: To evaluate the association of internalized stigma with insight (clinical and cognitive insight) among patients with schizophrenia. Methods: 136 patients with schizophrenia were assessed on the Internalised Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS). Clinical insight was assessed

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Attitudes of health care professionals toward people with intellectual disability: a comparison with the general population [2018]

Background Few studies have examined attitudes that may promote the social inclusion of persons with an intellectual disability (ID) among health care providers (HCPs). Yet these attitudes could impact the accessibility and quality of services provided to this population, as well as the general attitudes of HCPs. The objectives of

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Attitudes to personality disorder of staff working in high-security and medium-security hospitals – 2017

The discourse surrounding personality disorder is largely negative, and the diagnosis is considered to be associated with a degree of stigma. This study aimed to investigate staff attitudes towards personality disorder in high-security and medium-security forensic–psychiatric hospitals in the UK. The Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 132

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Be outspoken and overcome stigmatizing thoughts (BOOST): a group treatment for internalized stigma in first-episode psychosis [2018]

Background: Internalized stigma is associated with a broad array of negative outcomes for people experiencing psychosis. The current article provides an overview of a novel group-based intervention for reducing internalized stigma (Be Outspoken and Overcome Stigmatizing Thoughts [BOOST]) that combines cognitive behavioural techniques with peer support in first-episode psychosis. Methods:

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Belonging and exclusion in the lives of young people with intellectual disability in small town communities – 2018

In recent policies, it is assumed that communities welcome the inclusion of young people with intellectual disability. However, little is known about perspectives of young people themselves. This article reports on research that sought to address this gap. Young people with intellectual disability living in three Australian small town communities

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Bias in Hiring Applicants With Mental Illness and Criminal Justice Involvement: A Follow-Up Study With Employers [2017]

Negative employer perceptions of job candidates with psychiatric and criminal backgrounds is one factor contributing to high unemployment rates among these groups. The current study replicated and extended Batastini et al., which evaluated stigmatizing beliefs toward hypothetical job applicants who had a known psychiatric and/or criminal history or neither (i.e.,

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Breaking Down Walls, Building Bridges: Professional Stigma Management in Mental Health Care – 2018-02

Though most mental health care today occurs in community settings, including primary care, research on mental illness stigma tends to focus on hospitalization or severe mental illness. While stigma negatively impacts the health of those with a range of mental problems, relatively little research examines how providers work with clients

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Clinical high risk for psychosis: The effects of labelling on public stigma in a undergraduate population [2018]

Aim Schizophrenia is a highly stigmatized disorder. Identification of youth at high risk for psychosis has the potential for improved outcomes. However, identifying youth at risk could subject them to increased public stigma. Using an experimental vignette design, this study examined relative levels of public stigma elicited by the labels

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Communication Strategies to Counter Stigma and Improve Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorder Policy – 2018

Despite the high burden and poor rates of treatment associated with mental illness and substance use disorders, public support for allocating resources to improving treatment for these disorders is low. A growing body of research suggests that effective policy communication strategies can increase public support for policies benefiting people with

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Correlates and Predictors of Stigmatization of Patients With Mental Illness Among Nursing Students [2018]

The purpose of the current study was to explore knowledge of, attitudes about, and perception of stigma among nursing students in relation to mental illness, and to identify the predictors of stigma toward patients with mental illness based on nursing students’ characteristics, knowledge, and attitude. A cross-sectional survey was conducted

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Deconstructing Patterns of Stigma toward People Living with Mental Illness [2018]

The adverse effects of stigma on people living with mental illness (PLMI) have been well documented. This study aimed to investigate the latent structure of that stigma. The study respondents included 218 Chinese university students in Hong Kong who completed the Attribution Questionnaire. The latent structure of stigma was examined

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Destigmatizing Mental Illness: An Innovative Evidence-Based Undergraduate Curriculum – 2018-01

Stigma toward individuals with mental illness is prevalent, not only in society but also among nurses caring for this population. Such stigma contributes to health disparities, discrimination, and a lack of providers working with those who experience mental illness. An evidence-based anti-stigma curriculum innovation in a mental health nursing course

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Diagnostic Dissent: Experiences of Perceived Misdiagnosis and Stigma in Persons Diagnosed With Schizophrenia [2018]

It is not uncommon for individuals to disagree with their psychiatric diagnosis. The experience of perceived misdiagnosis can be challenging for service users, as mainstream psychiatric theory often views this disagreement as an indication of “poor insight” into their putative illness. Some researchers have suggested that labeling a service user

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Educational intervention to decrease stigmatizing attitudes of undergraduate nurses towards people with mental illness – 2017-03

Health professionals can hold stigmatizing views about people with mental illness. In addition to being discriminatory, these beliefs cause anxiety that can affect learning in the clinical environment. A review of an undergraduate nursing curriculum introduced the Modern Apprenticeship curriculum model and provided an opportunity for an educational intervention designed

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Effect of direct and indirect contact with mental illness on dangerousness and social distance – 2017

Background: This study is based on the contact hypothesis that contact with mental illness is the most effective anti-stigma strategy. Aims: This study aims to analyze which form of contact can most effectively decrease the dangerousness and social distance associated with schizophrenia, depression and alcoholism. Method: In total, 573 Korean

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Effect of public safety realignment variables on the perceived employability of former offenders: public perception of the role of type of custody and program participation [2018]

The objective of the current research was to investigate the public perceptions of conditions pertaining to employability of former offenders as it relates to custody type and use of rehabilitative programs such as vocational and life skills classes. After reading a hypothetical job description for a cashier position, participants evaluated

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Examining the Impact of This Is My Brave on Mental Illness Stigma and Willingness to Seek Help: A Pilot Study – 2018

This Is My Brave (TIMB) is a contact-based mental illness stigma reduction program, set in theaters, meant to reduce stigma, increase beliefs about empowerment and recovery, and improve attitudes towards treatment seeking for mental health concerns. The authors conducted the first empirical evaluation of TIMB using a pre-post survey design.

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