‘I am not drunk, I have an ABI’: findings from a qualitative study into systematic challenges in responding to people with acquired brain injuries in the justice system [2018]

The over-representation of acquired brain injury (ABI) amongst prisoner and juvenile justice populations is a significant issue across jurisdictions. This article reports on the findings of over 100 interviews conducted in Victoria, Australia with people who have an ABI, as well as key stakeholder groups who work in, or with,

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Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury [2018]

Objective: Aggressive behavior is a frequent legacy of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explores the question of how alexithymia, which is associated with deficits in social cognition and empathy, may predispose individuals to aggressive tendencies after head trauma. Method: A total of 47 individuals referred for routine neuropsychological assessment

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Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide [2018]

Key Points Question What is the association between medical contact for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and risk of suicide? Findings In this registry-based retrospective cohort study from Denmark that included 34 529 deaths by suicide over 35 years, individuals with medical contact for traumatic brain injury, compared with the general population

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Beyond anger: emotion regulation and social connectedness in veterans with traumatic brain injury – 2018

Primary objective: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often present with emotion dysregulation. Most TBI rehabilitation has addressed this impairment primarily in relation to anger, irritability and aggressiveness. Yet, emotion regulation (ER) may have broader ramifications for psychological well-being. The present study examined ER’s association to several aspects of social

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Beyond anger: emotion regulation and social connectedness in veterans with traumatic brain injury – 2018-02

Primary objective: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often present with emotion dysregulation. Most TBI rehabilitation has addressed this impairment primarily in relation to anger, irritability and aggressiveness. Yet, emotion regulation (ER) may have broader ramifications for psychological well-being. The present study examined ER’s association to several aspects of social

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Beyond Traumatic Brain Injury: Advancing Forensic Neuropsychological Assessment [2018]

As research on the cognitive impact of medical conditions and mental health disorders advances, it is imperative for forensic neuropsychologists to stay abreast of rapidly accumulating new empirical evidence from neuroscience and neuropsychology to disentangle multiple determinants of cognitive impairment. Although medicolegal neuropsychological assessments traditionally focused on traumatic brain injury

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Brain Injury and Offending: The Development and Field Testing of a Linkworker Intervention – 2018

Evidence suggests that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is more prevalent amongst offender populations than in the general population, and that it can lead to aggressive behaviour while in custody and impair engagement with offender rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate a brain injury

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Cognitive behavioural therapy for aggression among individuals with moderate to severe acquired brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis [2018]

Background: Aggression is common after an acquired brain injury (ABI). Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy, in which therapists help patients to identify their maladaptive behaviours. Objective: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of CBT interventions in treating aggression in

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Coping strategies and traumatic brain injury in incarcerated youth: a mediation analysis [2018]

Objective: Investigation into whether coping strategies mediated the relationship of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on depression/anxiety and alcohol and drug problems within incarcerated youth. Subjects: A non-probability sample of youth (N = 227) adjudicated for a variety of offences. Methods: Cross-sectional study within two long-term residential facilities for youth offenders

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Differences between staff groups in perception of risk assessment and risk management of inappropriate sexual behaviour in patients with traumatic brain injury [2018]

This research explored staff perceptions of risk assessment and management of inappropriate sexual behaviour (ISB) displayed in patients following a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The primary focus was to determine differences in perceptions between qualified (N = 40) and direct care staff (N = 47). Vignettes depicting ISB displayed by a male following a

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Emotional Labour of Caregivers Confronted With Aggressive Brain-injured Patients – 2018

Highlights • Emotional labour of caregivers who take care of aggressive brain-injured patients is explored. • Emotional labour depends on the supposed “consciousness” of the patient about their aggressive behaviors. • The social representations could constitute knowledge for dealing with situations and impacting their emotional regulation. • Suppressing emotions in

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Enhancing the rights and well‐being of people with acquired brain injuries in the criminal justice system: Some findings from a qualitative study – 2018

This article focuses on the issues currently facing people with an acquired brain injury (ABI) in the criminal justice system in the state of Victoria, Australia and, in particular, the impact of this condition on people suffering various forms of social disadvantage. This qualitative study involved in‐depth interviews with key

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From conception to evaluation of mobile services for people with head injury: A participatory design perspective – 2018

Adults with cognitive impairments lack the means to organise their daily life, plan their appointments, cope with fatigue, and manage their budget. They manifest interest in using new technologies to be part of society. Unfortunately, the applications offered on smart phones are often beyond their cognitive abilities. The goal of

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Functional Outcomes and Health-Related Quality of Life After Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review [2018]

Throughout recovery, patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) show physical and functional improvement, but continue to have cognitive and psychosocial problems. The aim of this article was to review the literature regarding the functional and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes in severe TBI. There were 15 articles reviewed,

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Hamilton Acquired Brain Injury-Corrections Working Group – Integrating Multiple Sectors for Better Complex Case Management – 2015-11-18

This presentation will describe the development of the Hamilton Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) – Corrections Working Group which addresses the concerns of adults suspected of having an ABI, are at high risk in the community and have frequent contact with the criminal justice system. It will also include other work of the

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Head Injuries and Changes in Delinquency from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood: The Importance of Self-control as a Mediating Influence [2017]

Objectives: The current study examines whether head injuries suffered earlier in the life course are associated with subsequent changes in self-control and delinquency. Methods: Latent growth curve models and path analysis are used to analyze the developmental trajectories of self-control and delinquency as well as the potential associations between head

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Health-related quality of life in prisoners with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and head injury [2018]

Background Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and head injury (including traumatic brain injury (TBI)) manifest in high levels across prison samples and guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence notes that people with acquired brain injury may have increased prevalence of ADHD. We aimed to examine the association

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Incidence and Associated Risk Factors of Traumatic Brain Injury in a Cohort of Homeless and Vulnerably Housed Adults in 3 Canadian Cities [2017]

Objective: To examine the factors associated with incident traumatic brain injury (TBI) among homeless and vulnerably housed persons over a 3-year follow-up period. Setting and participants: Data were obtained from the Health and Housing in Transition study, which tracked the health and housing status of 1190 homeless or vulnerably housed

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Interventions to enhance coping after traumatic brain injury: A systematic review – 2018

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to identify effective psychosocial interventions to enhance coping in people who have experienced a traumatic brain injury, in order to inform clinical practice and articulate future research directions. Methods: Five electronic databases (CINAHL, Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library) were searched. Titles and

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Long-term physical and mental health outcomes associated with traumatic brain injury severity in post-9/11 veterans: A retrospective cohort study [2018]

Objectives: To examine long-term outcomes of self-reported physical and mental health among Post-9/11 Veterans stratified by traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity, we hypothesized that more severe TBI would be associated with significantly poorer outcomes. Methods: A prospective longitudinal survey of physical and mental health status was conducted with a national

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Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Aggression, Impulsivity, and History of Other- and Self-Directed Aggression [2018]

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is highly prevalent, with an estimated occurrence in the United States of more than 1.3 million per year. While one consequence of mTBI is impulsive aggressive behavior, very few studies have examined the relationship between history of mTBI and aggressive behavior in impulsively aggressive individuals.

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Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Substance Use [2018]

Highlight • Mild traumatic brain injuries are underreported, resulting in unknown complications. Abstract An evidence review of mild TBI (mTBI) sequela was undertaken to explore associations between mTBI and substance use in college students. The pilot study included a convenience sample of college students. The results did not support a statistically

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Neurocognitive testing in the emergency department: A potential assessment tool for mild traumatic brain injury [2018]

Objective Despite mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accounting for 80% of head injury diagnoses, recognition of individuals at risk of cognitive dysfunction remains a challenge in the acute setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential role for computerised cognitive testing as part of a

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Neurodegenerative Dementias After Traumatic Brain Injury – 2017

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often considered to be a risk factor for the later development of neurodegenerative conditions, but some findings do not support a link. Differences in research methods, clinical samples, and limitations encountered when assessing and documenting TBI details likely contribute to the mixed reports in the

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Prevalence of Head Injury and Associated Disability in Prison Populations: A Systematic Review [2018]

Objective: This review systematically assesses literature on the prevalence of head injury (HI) and associated disability in adults in prison. Methods: Searches were carried out using electronic databases (PsycINFO, Cochrane Databases, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science). Reference lists of 2 meta-analyses were checked for relevant articles. Methods were rated for

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